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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... through the iterative process of design. The selection process may involve a large set of performance and property criteria, which must be refined and developed during design. However, there are four elementary topics in materials selection that must be addressed during all stages of design...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006800
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... a large set of performance and property criteria, which must be refined and developed during design. However, there are four elementary topics in materials selection that must be addressed during all stages of design. They are posed as simple questions: What is it? What is its environment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006912
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... of these parameters are comprehensively examined during the design process. This article focuses on all of these factors, except processing-related failures, which are outside the design and engineering domain. It is dedicated to the identification and avoidance of common problems associated with the selection...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001748
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... reoccurrence, specific inspection criteria were issued defining maximum limits for spline wear. A procedure and requirements were specified for installing the coupling and pinion gear at the next overhaul. Gas turbine engines Inspection Pinions Specifications Splines AMS 6470 UNS K24065 (Other...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001512
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... showed that the plates satisfied the criteria of BS 4741. It was concluded that the cause of crack initiation was the lack of a mouse hole at the junction between the stiffening ring and the wall of the tank. The tank was repaired and put back in service. When it was filled beyond the proof test level...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c0090908
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... flaw within the pipe wall can also initiate failure as it did in this case. Recommendations included that similarity criteria should be established between the fracture behavior of a component in service and that observed in the laboratory. Crack initiation Irrigation piping Subsurface defects...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001668
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... to the failure although proper bolt torque would have resulted in a safer condition. Using safety as a design criteria, several steps can be taken to reduce the danger of autoclave/furnace use. Bolt material and design should be carefully selected to allow energy absorption and leak-before-break conditions...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001365
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... from the original casting process. Surface repair welds had been used to fill in or cover over larger shrinkage cavities. It was recommended that more stringent visual and nondestructive examination criteria be established for the castings. A743 Electric power generation Repair welds Rotary...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... issues in the decision-making process, clarified the ways in which equipment functions should be defined, developed more precise rules for selecting maintenance tasks and task intervals, and incorporated quantitative risk criteria directly into the setting of failure-finding task intervals. They call...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001266
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... manufacturer showing identical grain sizes were used for mechanical testing. Tensile tests indicated that the material did not meet the manufacturer's stated strength criteria in the portion of the stem that fractured. The failure was attributed to low strength, which resulted in fatigue. The extremely coarse...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003504
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... that a potential failure had been detected. By the mid-1960s, it was clear to maintenance experts in commercial aviation that scheduled overhauls were on their way out and that on-condition maintenance was on the way in. Experience with the reliability programs was also beginning to develop criteria...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001737
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
..., it is necessary to decide exactly what are the criteria by means of which evaluation of the material will be made. An examination in search of overall creep damage is likely to be unproductive if limited change of shape or dimensions of the component has occurred. Likewise, identification of local creep damage...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.pulp.c0048804
EISBN: 978-1-62708-230-3
... of these vessels are concerned with developing end-of-life criteria and inspection methods for these and similar older pressure vessels. Selected Reference Selected Reference • Failures Related to Casting , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2002 , p 103...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001680
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... has been expended; and to remove it based upon an objective “retirement criteria”. The current retirement criteria for wire ropes depend on the country. In U.S. mining applications, retirement criteria is based on the number and distribution of broken wires, loss of diameter of outside wires...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001661
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... Abstract An evaluation of indications in the main turbine building column horizontal plate welds was conducted by the joint efforts of field metallography and nondestructive examinations. The turbine building main column horizontal plate welds were selected at random and were inspected to find...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001559
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... generating costs for replacement power could easily have reached $500,000/day. In view of these high replacement costs, alternative, justifiable technical solutions were sought; and a retain or replace decision was made for each span of pipe. This paper summarizes the methodology and criteria by which...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003519
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... A broken crankshaft is an obvious failure. However, a specification that has poorly written requirements that fail to discern intended criteria may go unnoticed for years. In some cases, the reason things go wrong can be traced back to the culture of a company. Always remember to look at each failure...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c0091394
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... of austenitic stainless steel: the bottom surface, weld or HAZ pits, and crevices. Recommendations included proper material selection for piping, flanges, and weld rods with greater corrosion resistance. Proper filtering to prevent entrained abrasives and timely breakdown inspections were also advised...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... in detail in other sections of this Volume. Guidance for the design process itself is covered in detail in the Sections “The Design Process,” “Criteria and Concepts in Design,” and “The Materials Selection Process” in Materials Selection and Design , Volume 20 of the ASM Handbook , 1997. The Mode...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001596
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... are run at higher pressures such as 24/1 or 24/0.7 kg/cm 2 . The compressors are run under specified test conditions and must pass acceptance criteria for wear, performance (including noise and cooling capacity), and chemical stability. In accelerating the test condition with pressure, the wear...