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secondary water circuits

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001320
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... of copper indicates corrosion of pre-boiler water circuit tubing and is of concern because of its possible stimulation of corrosion under certain conditions. Fig. 4 Deposit found on the internal surface of the sample. The bright speckles seen through the deposit are copper. Nital etch, 61...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001330
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... no failures associated with it. Fig. 1 The submitted super heater tube sections. 0.23× Testing Procedure and Results Surface Examination The tube 1 outer diameter surface exhibited two ruptures parallel to its longitudinal aids. Wall thinning to 0.76 mm (0.030 in.) and secondary creep...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001559
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... Abstract One inch diam Type 304 stainless steel piping was designed to carry containment atmosphere samples to an analyzer to monitor hydrogen and oxygen levels during operational and the design basis accident conditions that are postulated to occur in a boiling water reactor. Only one of six...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001340
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... placed on tube walls, especially at areas where failures occurred, to monitor the effect of steam-drum baffle modifications on the tube wall temperatures. How Failure Could Have Been Prevented The tube failures could have been avoided with improved water circulation through the circuit which...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001632
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... circuit serving the window also cooled the beam stop made of pure copper. Fig. 9 The window assembly attached to the milling machine in preparation for removal of the shells Fig. 10 The waterside of the inner shell including attached wires that served to direct cooling water flow...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001536
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
.... Analyses of four failed components from nuclear plants are then described to illustrate the kinds of failures seen in service. The failures discussed are (1) intergranular stress-corrosion cracking of core spray injection piping in a boiling water reactor, (2) failure of canopy seal welds in adapter tube...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Occupational Safety and Health Ad- ministration p page P applied load ppm parts per million psi pounds per square inch PA polyamide PAN polyacrylonitrile PBI polybensimidazole PBT polybutylene terephthalate PC polycarbonate PCB printed circuit board PC/PET polycarbonate/polyethylene tere- phthalate PDF...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627081801
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003503
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article describes the methodology for performing a failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA). It explains the methodology with the help of a hot water heater and provides a discussion on the role of FMEA in the design process. The article presents the analysis procedures and shows...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001769
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... of equipment; increases pressure drop in water circuits, introduces thermal resistance in heat exchangers and induces corrosion of surface materials. The mixed fouling consisting of microbes and calcium or magnesium salts is, in particular, the major part of the fouling in real water systems [ 11...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... surfaces affects the resistance of the current path in the solution and the external circuit. Thus, if dissimilar pipes are butt welded with the electrolyte flowing through them, the most severe corrosion will occur immediately adjacent to the weld on the anodic member. Effect of Shape The geometry...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006925
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... of long, individual molecules that are bonded to each other by secondary chemical bonds, which are much weaker than the primary covalent bonds that hold the molecules together. On the other hand, thermosets are invariably composed of some type of three-dimensional covalently bonded network structure...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001396
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... Fig. 4 Characteristic flow pattern on lower side of corroded tube from bakers' oven A related form of attack is sometimes found in the tubes of cyclone type furnaces. These tubes, which surround the furnace chamber, form part of the boiler water circuit and are studded to provide anchorage...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... locations as a result of the intrusion of water and salt, and the consequent heavy corrosion of the joint. The seizure of these joints led to high edgewise bending stress in the bars as the bridge underwent thermal movement. The cracking was enhanced by the presence of the corrosive medium so...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006943
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Abstract This article discusses the operating principles, advantages, and limitations of scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and secondary ion mass spectroscopy that are used to analyze the surface chemistry of plastics. atomic force...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... is an additional example. Example 1: SCC of a Type 304 Stainless Steel Pipe Caused by Residual Welding Stresses A 150 mm (6 in.) schedule 80S type 304 stainless steel pipe (11 mm, or 0.432 in., wall thickness), which had served as an equalizer line in the primary loop of a pressurized-water reactor...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... rivet holes and other areas of high stress when boiler water contained caustic soda (NaOH) or the boiler water chemistry was conducive to the formation of caustic soda ( Ref 4 ). In their 1926 paper, “The Cause and Prevention of Embrittlement of Boiler Plate,” researchers at the University of Illinois...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the resistance of the current path in the solution and the external circuit. Thus, if dissimilar pipes are butt welded with the electrolyte flowing through them, the most severe corrosion will occur adjacent to the weld on the anodic member. Effect of Shape The geometry of the circuit elements determines...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... analysis fatigue fire-side corrosion power plants stress-corrosion cracking tube rupture water-side corrosion FAILURES IN BOILERS and other equipment in stationary and marine power plants that use steam as the working fluid are discussed in this article. The discussion is mainly concerned...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and denitrifiers capable of reducing the pH to 3 are considered as well as the organic APB. Consideration of aerobic organisms is consistent with highly oxygenated environments found in cooling water circuits. Passive corrosion scenarios include underdeposit attack due to concentration cells set up under biofilms...