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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0045926
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
...Abstract Abstract A batch of bimetal foil/epoxy laminates was rejected because of poor peel strength. The laminates were manufactured by sintering a nickel/phosphorus powder layer to a copper foil, cleaning, then chromate conversion coating the nickel-phosphorus surface, and laminating...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0048630
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
...Abstract Abstract Two clevis-head self-retaining bolts used in the throttle-control linkage of a naval aircraft failed on the aircraft assembly line. Specifications required the bolts to be heat treated to a hardness of 39 to 45 HRC, followed by cleaning, cadmium electroplating, and baking...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0006440
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...Abstract Abstract A failed laser mirror and another complete mirror of the same construction were analyzed. The laser mirror consisted of three layers of material brazed together to form channels through which the cooling water flows. Samples were analyzed with light optical and scanning...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0046414
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... under nearly identical conditions, drawing water from an open tank through a standpipe, had no observable failures. Etched micrographs 100x of samples taken from the impellers showed clean, pockmarked, severely eroded surfaces, characteristic of cavitation damage. Investigation also revealed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001655
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... drained and filled with nitric acid in preparation for service. Three weeks later the two acid tanks were found to be leaking from the bottom. Samples from the spent solvent tank revealed that pitting was located in a depressed area near a suction hole, beneath a black residue. It was concluded...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0091318
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... the specified procedure for chemical cleaning of the tanks in preparation for potable water storage. The sodium hypochlorite sterilizing solution used was three times the prescribed strength, and the process exposed the bottom of the tanks to hypochlorite solution that had collected near the outlet...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... cycle. The boiler, in service for twelve years, was chemically cleaned with acid nine years ago and one year ago. The boiler had reportedly had several water-wall tube failures. Of the four boilers in the plant, this unit had had 4 to 5 times as many tube failures. Four waterwall tube samples...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006760
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... scanning electron microscope (SEM) and optical metallographic images should be identified with unique numbers or letters to record the provenance of the evidence and the position regarding the orientation and shape of the original part. Selection and Cleaning of Samples Damage Characterization...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001044
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... inhibitors used could have caused the SCC observed in the tube samples. The cleaning contractor was asked to provide a complete service log, details of the chemicals used, samples of proprietary inhibitors, and a past history of the chemical cleaning of equipment containing admiralty brass using the same...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... sources are used to supply electrons and ions to the sample surface to help neutralize any excess charge. Application areas for TOF-SIMS include organic and inorganic contaminant identification, cleaning studies, surface segregation and modifications, corrosion, discolorations, drug distribution...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0048039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
...Abstract Abstract One of six cables on a passenger elevator was found fractured during a routine inspection. The cable is made of 16-mm steel wire rope designated 8 x 19 G Preformed Extra High Strength Special Traction Elevator Cable with fiber core. Samples of wire from the cable revealed two...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001525
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... that experienced the same service conditions developed no corrosion. Corrosion was linked to forming defects that provided sites for localized corrosion, and to lack of steam drying after cleaning, which increased susceptibility to general corrosion. Corrosion products Hydroxides Potassium compounds Steam...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003534
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... on good samples. In these cases, data from the failed area should be compared to reference materials to infer what should or should not be present. Reference materials can include starting substrate materials (before and after cleaning processes); pure compounds and coatings used in the manufacturing...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... corrosion evidence before movement or disassembly of a component. The chain of events leading to, and occurring after, the failure should be documented. After the corrosion deposits selected for examination have been secured, the failure sample may be cleaned. However, in some cases it may be desirable...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001806
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... , ASTM B154 – 05 , ASTM , West Conshohocken, PA 10.1364/AO.56.00B154 4. Standard Test Method for Determining Susceptibility to Stress Corrosion Cracking in Copper Alloys , ASTM B858 – 06 , ASTM , West Conshohocken, PA 5. Standard Practice for Preparing, Cleaning, and Evaluating...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0090436
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... that the brittle couplings contained a significant level of contamination, polypropylene and nylon 6/6. The source of the polypropylene was likely the purging compound used to clean the compounding extruder. The origin of the nylon 6/6 resin was unknown but may represent a previously compounded resin...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... Fig. 8 Elongated surface cavities on the inside surface of a 70-30 cupronickel tube produced by erosion-corrosion. The tube surface is clean, the attack having occurred due to brine flowing through it at 70 °C (160 °F) with turbulent flow and an excessive level of dissolved oxygen. Fig. 10...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006837
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... limit. A section the fracture surface containing the vertical crack that was shown on the running surface was cleaned and examined using scanning electron microscopy. The fatigue cracking on the sample initiated from an area of intergranular cracking, indicative of thermal cracking...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... material may be of interest, and sample material may require analysis either on the fracture surface or after it has been removed but preserved. However, there may be legal issues relating to cleaning, and the potential exists for allegations of destruction of evidence if permission from all parties...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001371
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
.... (c) EDS spectrum corresponding to (a) The samples were cleaned ultrasonically and re-examined in the SEM. The intergranular nature of the fracture in the origin was more evident ( Fig. 4 ). The transition from intergranular cracking to transgranular fatigue cracking is shown in Fig. 4...