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salt spray testing

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0091318
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
.... Investigation (visual inspection, 95x unetched images, chemical testing with a 5% salt spray, chemical testing with sodium hypochlorite at three strength levels, samples were also pickled in an aqueous solution containing 15 vol% concentrated nitric acid (HNO3) and 3 vol% concentrated hydrofluoric acid (HF...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001455
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... to an accelerated salt spray test also suffered from this form of corrosion. Ageing for 28 hours, however, reduced the amount of the attack considerably, while a 72-hour treatment served to eliminate it; it was also apparent that the sample having the lower copper content required a longer ageing treatment...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001702
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... maintenance, repair, and remaining service life. Samples are currently being tested for porosity and water-cement ratio. Concrete-rebar interfacial chemistry will be investigated. One-foot thick slabs cut from the beam and coated with thermal spray zinc will be polarized to determine the effect of CP...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... such as temperature, alloy or protective coating composition, time, and gas composition. This article explains a number of potential degradation processes, namely, oxidation, carburization and metal dusting, sulfidation, hot corrosion, chloridation, hydrogen interactions, molten metals, molten salts, and aging...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... in a Chloride Molten Salt (NaCl-LiCl) for Solar Thermal Technologies , Solar Energy Mater. Solar Cells , Vol 157 , 2016 , p 234 – 244 10.1016/j.solmat.2016.05.052 78. Coyle R.T. , Thomas T.M. , and Lai G.Y. , Exploratory Corrosion Tests on Alloys in Molten Salts at 900 °C , J. Mater...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001721
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... SCC by examining these features in low alloy steel bolts which failed due to SCC. Background Examination and Testing Discussion Summary and Conclusions References References 1. Brown B. F. , Stress Corrosion Cracking in High Strength Steels and in Titanium and Aluminum...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... on mechanisms for corrosive wear. Next, the article explains testing methods and characterization of corrosive wear. Various factors that influence corrosive wear are then covered. The article concludes with general guidelines for material selection against corrosive wear. corrosion corrosive wear...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of material, mechanical properties, heat treatment, test locations, nondestructive examination used, and other processing requirements should also be noted. Special processing or finishing treatments, such as shot peening, fillet rolling, burnishing, plating, metal spraying, and painting, can influence...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... the electrochemical nature of corrosion and provides the typical analysis of environmental- and corrosion-related failures. It presents common methods of testing of laboratory corrosion and discusses the processes involved in the prevention of environmental- and corrosion-related failures of metals and nonmetals...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... resistant to SCC in the environment used (surviving 3 weeks of exposure to a standard salt spray without significant cracking); the environment produced only pitting corrosion. Exposure to a more severe environment produced a small amount of cracking that was significantly different from the cracking...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...: change in the environment; change in the alloy or heat treatment; change in design; use of galvanic protection; use of inhibitors; use of nonmetallic coatings and liners; application of metallic coatings; use of surface treatments, thermal spray, or other surface modifications; corrosion monitoring...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003510
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... transforms after the surface and before the stress reversal ( Ref 8 ). This is illustrated, in Fig. 12 . If the steel transformation occurs before the thermal stress maximum (sequence 4 in Fig. 12 ), the ferrite/pearlite structure of a cylindrical test specimen is distorted into a barrel shape ( Ref 6...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001770
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... water which promoted the condensation and accumulation of salt water “spray” on the tank surface. It is well known that sea water contains various forms of chlorides (such as NaCl, Mg 2 Cl, KCl, etc.) and these chlorides are often a source of the chloride ions required for chloride SCC in austenitic...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... to that of a carbon steel if the rate of corrosion is increased. Tests carried out with an austenitic stainless steel that was exposed to cyclic loading and a spray of saturated sulfurous acid showed severe corrosion conditions, producing numerous surface cracks and a jagged fracture surface. The number of cracks...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... analysis, metallographic analysis, and simulated-service tests. It provides case studies for the analysis of SCC service failures and their occurrence in steels, stainless steels, and commercial alloys of aluminum, copper, magnesium, and titanium. aluminum alloys austenitic stainless steel carbon...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... by metal dissolution or oxidation. The more cathodic material is more corrosion resistant (i.e., more noble). Fig. 3 Galvanic series of metals and alloys in seawater. Alloys are listed in order of the potential they exhibit in flowing seawater; those indicated by the black rectangle were tested...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... Figure 23 illustrates two examples of rotating disk test apparatuses. Fig. 23 Examples of rotating disk and rotating arm erosion: cavitation test apparatuses. (a) Small, relatively low-speed rotating disk and jet apparatus. (b) Large, high-speed rotating arm spray apparatus. Source: Ref 55...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003552
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... small to reduce tension-test ductility, hydrogen-induced delayed fracture may occur. Although hydrogen embrittlement has been evaluated extensively, it takes on several forms. The various forms or manifestations of hydrogen embrittlement and the terminology associated with it can be very confusing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... in the coating process lines. Most phosphate lines go directly from the phosphating operation to the oil-impregnation step, because the platers have found that the parts may not meet the commonly specified salt-spray-resistance requirements if they are detoured to a baking operation first. However, some platers...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... aluminum etched with aqueous 0.5% hydrofluoric acid Fig. 11 Light micrographs of specimens of 1215 carbon steel that were salt bath nitrided and mounted in different resins. (a) Epomet thermosetting epoxy resin. (b) Phenolic thermosetting resin. (c) Methyl methacrylate thermoplastic resin. (d...