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safety risk assessment

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003505
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of injury” avoids any implication or inference that safety is an intrinsic, absolute, measurable property. In assessing acceptable danger, one major task is determining the distribution of danger, benefits, and costs. This determination is both an empirical matter and a political issue. It involves...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... or all of these practices may open challenges to the opinions of the expert. Evaluating Design Decisions A comprehensive hazard assessment program and a proactive approach to design safety allow a manufacturer to establish a commitment to safety in front of a jury. Even though an incident occurred...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006803
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... the result by a safety factor to account for the uncertainty. The previous edition of this Volume addressed the subject of probabilistic analysis methods and life assessment ( Ref 1 ). Over the last nearly 20 years there have been significant developments in probabilistic structural analyses, driven...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... be considered as integral parts of the product development and not simply as “add-ons” at the end of the project. Safety considerations and hazard analysis in design are discussed further in the articles “Safety in Design” ( Ref 9 ) and “ Risk and Hazard Analysis in Design ” ( Ref 10 ) in Materials Selection...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003515
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... that there will be a continued increase in the use of probabilistic approaches, which allow some of the conservatism associated with fixed safety factors in deterministic approaches to be circumvented through a more accurate assessment of the condition of individual components and of the efficacy of the inspection...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001518
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... at the failure region. Pitting was also evident. To assess the amount of corrosion on the bulk of the hose, the outer casing was stripped back to reveal the wire braid. There was some light rusting apparent on the braid up to 50 mm away from the failure zone, but the worst corrosion was restricted...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003514
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... sampling probabilistic analysis probability of failure response surface method risk analysis system reliability target reliability time-variant reliability APPLICATION of probabilistic analysis methods for life assessment of structural components is becoming more prevalent because...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001634
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... by the retention of water by the cover material around the wire strands. Discussion It is apparent that there are a few key issues that are of great importance when aiming to minimize the risk of hydraulic hose failures and their consequential impact on the safety of the work environment. Inspection...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003502
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in Design” ( Ref 14 ) and “Risk and Hazard Analysis in Design” ( Ref 15 ) in Volume 20 of the ASM Handbook . The focus of product liability lawsuits is on the safety aspects of design ( Ref 16 ). It is often claimed that the litigation has the effect of “improving safety” ( Ref 17 ). However...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006802
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... crack initiation and catastrophic failure. Increased process controls on processing and testing of titanium ingots Development of probabilistic design approach and analytical life assessment using dedicated computer programs for titanium disks Space shuttle incident (National Transportation Safety...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006800
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... design iterations either on a proactive basis or as a lesson learned. Therefore, the basic steps or stages of engineering design are briefly described in the following sections, beginning with the stage of conceptual design and ending with a brief overview on methods of risk assessment in design...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... materials selection risk assessment MATERIALS SELECTION is an important engineering function in both the design and failure analysis of components. In design, materials selection can be a complex, iterative process that solves a particular set of engineering objectives for a given component. Materials...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001635
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... months to over 5 years. Certain strategies can be employed for the replacement of hoses. To ensure safety, arbitrary replacement of critical hydraulic hoses after a certain period of operation would require hoses to be replaced after a potentially very short service life to minimize the risk of failure...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003512
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... information on fatigue life assessment, elevated-temperature life assessment, and fitness-for-service life assessment. elevated-temperature life assessment fabrication failure analysis fatigue life assessment fitness-for-service life assessment material defects nondestructive inspection stress...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... to brittle fracture. Additionally, a series of case study examples are presented that demonstrate assessment procedures used to mitigate the risk of brittle fracture in process equipment. brittle fracture carbon steel failure assessment diagrams low-alloy steel piping pressure vessels risk...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003513
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., the factor of safety is reduced (i.e., O ′ B ′/ O ′ A ′ is less than OB / OA ). Fig. 2 Example of a typical failure assessment diagram. FAP, failure assessment point; FAC, failure assessment curve; σ f , flow strength, average of yield and tensile strengths; σ y , yield strength; solid line, without...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003503
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and safety risks have been identified and addressed in the product design. The FMEA data also indicate maintenance tasks that must be performed, and they substantiate the need for support equipment and other logistic support. For some products, government agencies, such as the military and those involved...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001594
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... to more accurately characterize failure mechanisms, objectively assess consequences of a failure, and to formulate appropriate corrective actions. TU Electric has implemented a strategy to respond to the issue of fatigue-induced failures of socket-welded joints in small-bore piping systems. The risk...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... should be overhauled, and how often? What aspect of performance should be monitored? How much deterioration should trigger repair work? Most sites have idle assets that are standing by in the event they are needed, such as back-up generators or fire safety systems. Being idle, they do not wear out...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003504
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...? What aspect of performance should be monitored? How much deterioration should trigger repair work? Most sites have idle assets that are standing by in the event they are needed, such as backup generators or fire safety systems. Being idle, they do not wear out through use and their performance...