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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001058
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... if the line had been depressurized and/or drained as a safety precaution, before force was applied to the system. Handbook of Case Histories in Failure Analysis, Volume 1 Copyright © 1992 ASM International® K.A. Esaklul, editor All rights reserved DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001058 www.asminternational.org ...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001667
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
.... The presence of this active chemical reagent increases the removal rate of pre-existing abrasion and polishing damage of the specimen and provides a superior final surface finish over mechanical polishing alone [ 2 ]. (Note: Extreme care and safety precautions must be exercised when using this type of reagent...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... The product safety literature containing instructions and warning labels was sufficient to understand the precautions to take when using the product. The typical user would be able to appreciate the risk associated with the use of the product. Other comparative products have been designed substantially...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006821
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... a diverse project team when performing a root-cause analysis. There are many different types and scopes of aircraft investigations. Governmental investigative agencies may perform failure investigations. For instance, the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) in the United States engages...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001731
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... that it was a primary cause. The Bureau of Safety of the Civil Aeronautics Board regularly studies such failures during the course of aircraft accident investigations and during special studies related to the safety of air travel. The Bureau of Safety is aided in this work by laboratory investigations conducted...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006759
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... in the field. A common tool for PMI of alloys in the field is a portable XRF analyzer. This handheld device can provide information in minutes and use databases to match the spectra to an alloy ( Fig. 1 ). This method is nondestructive to the part, but usually requires safety precautions because...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001528
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
..., two adjacent sections [approximately 1.2 m × 1.2 (4 × 4 ft)] were cut from the tank in the area of greatest damage/cracking, and were patched with stainless steel sheet. In addition, a protective barrier was constructed around the tanks to assure personnel safety until replacement. This tank...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... was the suspected mode of failure. The distinctive visual effects on the weld cap of the through-wall crack, such as the branch cracking and the gray staining, supported this hypothesis. Fortunately, this mode of failure was suspected when the through-wall fracture was found. Safety precautions were taken to avoid...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
..., 2002 . 5. “ Rupture of Enbridge Pipeline and Release of Crude Oil near Cohasset, Minnesota ,” July 4 , 2002 , Pipeline accident report published by National Transportation Safety Board , Washington, D.C. Selected references Selected references • Eiber R.J. and Kiefner...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001103
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... of measuring device to be inserted in the bolt so that it would not be tightened excessively during assembly, because this would raise the stresses in the bolt. It is presumed that these precautions were taken during assembly and that the propellers were not put into service with excessive stresses...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... might arise from the corrosion or other wear and ageing aspects. The deterioration of the bridge over time is apparent in many areas. Thus, the eyebars represent only one of numerous structural features which must be examined and on which safety judgements must be made on a periodic basis. During...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003529
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... process may be required in that situation. Please note that only an experienced metals chemist should recommend proper specimen preparation techniques, as some might be quite dangerous if not performed with adequate knowledge of proper safety precautions. Another example of a difficult plating removal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.9781627083294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001536
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... similar failures and thus improve plant reliability and safety. Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) has conducted analyses of failed nuclear components since 1974. During that time, several dozen analyses have been performed, and considerable experience has been gained in the procedures for working...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... … 31 1 1 Piping 10 2 1 3 1 5 18 1 … 2 10 7 15 4 41 1 … Safety valves … … … 1 … … 2 … … … … 3 … … 3 1 1 Miscellaneous … 2 4 7 … 4 166 1 2 5 4 9 12 … 232 5 4 1982 Shell 4 17 29 13 1 3 34 4 10 3 62 45 35 0 129 7 4...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of progressive localized permanent damage described by the stages of crack initiation, cyclic crack propagation, and subsequent final fracture after a given number of load fluctuations. Fatigue has an overwhelming importance in the assessment of the safety and integrity of structures and consequently...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006804
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... out the fire and to make the area safe for access, because these may affect the interpretation of the evidence? Have precautions been implemented to preserve the evidence? Diagrams As soon as possible, begin gathering process data and plot plans. For process equipment this includes...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article describes the preliminary stages and general procedures, techniques, and precautions employed in the investigation and analysis of metallurgical failures that occur in service. The most common causes of failure characteristics are described for fracture, corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... requirements and dimensions, frequency and location of any previous failures, length of service, and any unusual operating history. Precautions in On-Site Examination Power plants are vital to most industries, and power-plant downtime has an adverse effect on the entire operation. Thus, the individual...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., the arc strikes cooled rapidly and created a hard, untempered martensitic structure that was susceptible to cracking. Magnetic-particle tests conducted with a magnetic field induced by a yoke that does not pass current through the part avoids this difficulty. With proper precautions, NDE can provide...