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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003504
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... owner or user Run-to-failure A failure management policy that permits a specific failure mode to occur without any attempt to anticipate or prevent it Safety consequences A failure mode or multiple failure has safety consequences if it could injure or kill a human being. Scheduled Performed...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003502
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Clarity of Function Safety Selection of Materials, Products, and Parts Transportation Issues Management Control Design Team Communication Problems Time and Money Constraints In coming up with a design that meets the user's needs in the best way possible, trade-offs must be made...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003515
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... Air Force (USAF) in managing fatigue in metal aircraft structures ( Ref 12 ). Engineers use two different approaches for the design of metal aircraft structures to resist fatigue and thus ensure flight safety. The so-called safe-life approach is a probabilistic based method. The safe-life...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003500
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., be they loss of production, property damage, injury, or fatality. The discipline has also been used effectively as a teaching tool for new or less experienced engineers. The importance and value of failure analysis to safety, reliability, performance, and economy are well documented. For example...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... what expectations existed among various parties is often part of the analysis. Product safety continues to improve, but expectations are also heightened. Failure Definitions In the general sense of the word, a failure is defined as an undesirable event or condition. For purposes of discussion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001697
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... waters is regulated by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the U.S. Public Health Service and other related federal and state agencies. The sole purpose of these regulations is to safeguard the health and safety of the general population. Some...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003505
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of information to all concerned. A design review is conducted by an ad hoc design review board composed of materials engineers, mechanical designers, electrical designers, reliability engineers, safety engineers, packaging engineers, various other design engineers as appropriate, a management representative...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003503
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... if the input events do not occur Exclusive event or preventive measure does not take place. System Safety Maintainability Logistics Support Manufacturing Systems Testability and Quality Assurance Project Management The FMEA methodology is based on a hierarchical, inductive...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627081801
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001594
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... 10% of these are in safety-related systems. Screening programs that eliminate 90% of the locations still leave an enormous population of joints to manage. A concerted effort to minimize sources of vibration is probably the most effective control measure. This is a continuing effort...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001603
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... to the consumer. Several large pipeline projects have been initiated in India to meet the increasing demand for oil and gas transportation. The demand for higher transportation capacity and sufficient safety (i.e., avoiding premature failure of pipelines during service) has been the driving force for pipeline...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006762
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of irritation and, at worst, a safety hazard, but they are always an economic loss. Therefore, study of the failure should result in carefully formulated recommendations in the report aimed at reducing or eliminating similar failures in the future. Such recommendations can involve adding warning labels...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001504
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... with the main failure causes (i.e., design, material selection, manufacturing and maintenance). The Canadian Forces aircraft maintenance management information system and the aircraft accident/incident reporting system were surveyed in order to obtain statistical information on landing gear system failures...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001710
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... was necessary to ensure criticality safety for the fuel elements. In the attempt to lift the first rack out of the water, the rack did not slide freely from the bar and groove arrangement joining it to the other racks. With the other racks remaining coupled together, all were lifted slightly off the basin...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in design and processing was required. However, with the heightened awareness of efficient design, optimized performance, economic competition, environmental impacts, safety concerns, and legal liability, current methods of materials selection are viewed more and more as a simultaneous and integral...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003512
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Ship hits iceberg and watertight compartments rupture. Improvement in steel grades Safety procedures established for lifeboats Warning systems established for icebergs Molasses Tank Failures ( Ref 5 ) 1919, 1973 Brittle fracture of the tank as a result of poor ductility and higher loads Design...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006755
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., it is usually less than 30% of their time. In addition, many times these engineers are given the direction by management to “make this problem go away.” This choice of words is interesting as well as revealing. Management does not say, “Find the root cause,” or “Solve this problem.” They truly just want...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006754
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... improvement in durability and safety of products, equipment, or structures. Sometimes this analysis will lead to an improvement in economics as well. Understanding goes beyond knowledge of facts; it requires integration of facts into the knowledge base of an individual so that the facts may be transformed...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003514
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... components to design for appropriate levels of safety. Computational resources are becoming less of an impediment through enhancements in computational algorithms and computer efficiency. Factor of safety approaches may not give the desired reliability or may lead to overdesigned structures...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003518
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... on performance criteria, or modifies design as required. Manufacturing phase Part loader malfunctions, and a small fraction of the load does not experience proper thermal cycle, but none of the bad ones are in the test group Heat treater is blamed for poor process control. Product design manager...