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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... and open rotor (impeller). The case was lined with a two-piece removable natural rubber liner. The ductile iron rotor core was covered by cast natural rubber, forming a one-piece integral unit. The pump used a John Crane packing seal without flush water (environmental regulatory concerns make use...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006870
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Fig. 14 Fig. 16 Higher magnification view of red box from Fig. 14 Fig. 17 Rubber/metal composite Fig. 18 Knit line failure Fig. 20 Adhesive failure of conveyor belt splice Fig. 21 Cohesive failure of rubber between conveyor belt fabric layers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... increases as the oxidizing power of the solution increases. The increase in rate is exponential and yields a straight line when plotted on a semilogarithmic scale, as in Fig. 1 . The oxidizing power of the solution is controlled by both the specific oxidizing power of the reagents and the concentration...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006928
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... of specimen conditioning D955 294-4 Measuring shrinkage from mold dimensions of molded thermoplastics D3419 10724 In-line screw-injection molding of test specimens from thermosetting compounds D3641 294-1,2,3 Injection molding test specimens of thermoplastic molding and extrusion materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006910
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... tension; SENT, single-edge notched tension; DENT, double-edge notched tension Fig. 1 Typical J-R curve with construction blunting line and exclusion lines according to ASTM E1820. Adapted from Ref 28 Fig. 2 Comparison between normalization (single-specimen) and multispecimen methods...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006922
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
...Tensile strength of various polymers with and without a knit line Table 1 Tensile strength of various polymers with and without a knit line Material Reinforcement Tensile strength MPa (psi) One gate Two gates Percent retained Nylon 66 None 79.29 (11,500) 77.01 (11,170) 97...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003571
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the reciprocal of the product of S and ϵ, which furnished, as predicted by the Eq 2 , a straight line. In contrast to Eq 2 , Rhee has followed a different approach where wear is thought to be nonlinearly proportional to pressure, sliding velocity, and temperature ( Ref 8 ). He proposed an empirical relation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006850
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... is slid against a hard and smooth surface. The rubber moves forward in the form of ripples of wave on its contact surface with a smooth and hard counterface. These so-called waves of detachment can produce wear in the form of rolls of detached material or the third body. Reprinted with permission from...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006944
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
.../176 Styrene acrylonitrile (SAN) 100/212 115/239 Epoxy resins 50/122 200/392 Polyester resin (UP) 60/140 170/338 Phenolic resins 300/572 300/572 Polyimide resins 315/599 370/698 Silicone resin 70/158 70/158 Acrylonitrile butadiene rubber (NBR) −40/−40 5/41...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003541
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... When these types of bonds are present, an increase in temperature does not lead to plastic deformation. Thermosetting is an irreversible chemical change that occurs during processing. Materials such as vulcanized rubbers, epoxies, and phenol formaldehyde change chemically during processing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006913
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... in.) in diameter, 25 mm (1 in.) thick with edges rounded to 6.4 mm (0.25 in.) radius Flat sheets of paper, films, fabrics, rubber, molded plastics, laminates, boards, glass, mica, and ceramic 2 Opposing cylinders 25 mm (1 in.) in diameter, 25 mm (1 in.) thick with edges rounded to 3.2 mm (0.125 in.) radius...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001648
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... of coupling 1. Fig. 6 Coupling 1, which remained above water level in pump shaft housing (as cut for disassembly from pump shaft) A representative bearing, as removed from the pump, is shown in Fig. 7 and 8 . Each of the bearings was constructed as a longitudinally grooved, hard rubber lining...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001696
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
..., and is similar to the tubing used in LC-39B's GO 2 System and B/A Line. The tubing was specified to be coated with either a nitrile-rubber-base, aluminum pigmented coating or a polyamide epoxy coating with an aliphatic polyurethane topcoat. The coatings are required for corrosion protection of 300-series...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006865
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
...) 80 °C (176 °F). (d) 100 °C (212 °F). Courtesy of Mobay Chemical Company Fig. 16 Crack formation from a craze Fig. 17 Birefringence and Wallner lines on fracture in a polycarbonate material. Courtesy of Engineering Systems, Inc. Fig. 18 Shrinkage void on field fracture...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006918
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene Decreasing Low-density polyethylene Polyvinyl chloride Low-molecular-weight PMMA Rubber-toughened PMMA High-impact polystyrene Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene Polycarbonate Toughened polycarbonate copolyester Polyetheretherketone...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001661
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... extraneous matter that would interfere with the examination. The normal examination shall consist of orienting the prod in two directions to produce approximately perpendicular magnetic lines of force over each inspection area. (See Figure 4 ). When applicable, expected flaw location and/or orientation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001732
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... as straight lines. This paper will discuss how a typical laboratory life test was designed and how statistical techniques were applied to analyze the data. We will illustrate how this approach was used as an aid in problem solving during the laboratory testing phase of an experimental door lock assembly...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006864
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... in the hopper Intermittent bridging can cause material surging in the extruder and irregular output. Appearance of lines in the extrudate Scratches on the die or webline system scratching the extrudate before vitrification Check that the number of lines is equal to the number of spider supports...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001440
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... the mishap were as follows: The vessel, which was located on a building site, was connected to the burner of an asphalt melting pan by means of a rubber hose pipe. After making the connection, the attendant fully opened the regulating valve on the vessel and then partly opened the one on the burner; when...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003566
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... handles were held in a rubber-lined clamp attached at one end of a rotating shaft. A torque spring was connected through a lever arm at the opposite end of the shaft. To wind up the spring and place the hammer in position to begin the blow, a ratiomotor drive rotated the shaft. A trigger mechanism...