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rotating-bending variable stress

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Abstract The drive shaft in a marine propulsion system broke, stranding a large vessel along the Canadian seacoast. The shaft was made from quenched and tempered low-alloy steel. Fractographic investigation revealed that the shaft failed under low rotating-bending variable stress. Fatigue...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006767
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and its components are functions of their position on the cut surface. The possibility that the stresses σ and τ are functions of position on the surface must also be permitted (as in the stress field around a stress concentrator or a stress state in bending or torsion). In addition, if the surface is...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003530
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... surface. The possibility that the stresses σ and τ are functions of position on the surface must also be permitted (as in the stress field around a stress concentrator or a stress state in bending or torsion). In addition, if the surface is cut in a different orientation, the forces are different and the...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003528
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Observation of failed nickel-base alloy (Waspaloy) specimen after rotating bend fatigue. (a) Macro view. (b) Micrograph. Source: Ref 43 S - N curves for all three stress levels can be seen in Fig. 20 . Level 1 and level 2 curves are very similar; thus, the difference is negligible, according to...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006768
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Rotating Machinery , ISROMAC-9 ( Honolulu, HI ), 2002 57. Nonga C.O. et al. , The Influence of Residual Stresses and Surface Finish on the Fatigue of Metal Matrix Composites , Proc. ICRS5 ( Linkoping ), 1997 , p 95 – 100 58. Fatigue and Fracture , Vol 19 , ASM Handbook , ASM...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... stress acting across the short transverse grain direction. Keller's reagent. 2× Severe deformation of the grains in locations of sharp bends or where the metal has become stretched, as in deep-drawn parts, results in a condition that is more vulnerable to failure from mechanisms such as corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract Stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) is a form of corrosion and produces wastage in that the stress-corrosion cracks penetrate the cross-sectional thickness of a component over time and deteriorate its mechanical strength. Although there are factors common among the different forms of...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003562
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... contacts between hubs, shrink and press fits, and bearing housings on loaded rotating shafts or axles are particularly prone to fretting damage, but because the movement arises from alternating stresses in the shaft surface, the problem is more one of fatigue than wear ( Ref 6 ). However, wear rather than...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001724
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... metal in the bores, and a variable pattern of residual stress. Bursting strength Electric generators Forgings Retaining rings Fe-0.65C-8Ni-8Mn-4Cr Intergranular fracture Brittle fracture The year 1954 seems to have been a peculiarly unlucky one for large electrical generators in North...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001576
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... Abstract Macrofractographs of the fracture surface from a multibladed fan showed that cracks started at the corner where bending stress was concentrated and propagated through the blade by fatigue. Peak stress at the monitoring position was less than 10 MPa. To simulate crack growth, the rotor...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001459
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... characteristic markings, the surfaces becoming polished. A high proportion of service failures by fatigue cracking occur in rotating shafts subjected to bending stresses. There is, of course, no difficulty in designing a shaft to withstand a given bending stress, but in some cases the actual stress is greatly...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... ingot from which the tube for the return bend was made. The return bend failed as a result of stress-corrosion cracking (SCC), which propagated because of the presence of numerous inclusions in the metal. Scale formed in the cracks, abetted by thermal cycling, contributed to stresses that caused...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001835
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... stress according to Eq (11) are shown in Fig. 3 . Fig. 3 Maximum equivalent stress of the bolt with blade rotation angels It can be seen from Fig. 3 that with the rotation of the blade the maximum equivalent stress of the bolt varies periodically. As the nominal yield stress of the...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... revealed an abnormal wear pattern, consistent with the application of elevated bending loads. The root cause of failure was determined to be an increase in service stresses after bearing replacement along with the presence of nonmetallic inclusions in the shaft. pinion shaft fracture nonmetallic...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003538
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... interest. Reed-Hill ( Ref 8 ) has shown that cleavage fracture in zinc occurs on the basal plane whether the plane is flat or distorted in bending. Some recent results discussed subsequently ( Ref 9 ) suggest a difference in the appearance of cleavage fracture initiated by “elastic” stress fields in...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...-life criterion gas porosity heat treatment inclusions infinite-life criterion internal bursts macropitting micropitting reversed bending rolling-contact fatigue rotational bending strengthening stress distribution subcase fatigue thermal fatigue torsional loading FATIGUE damage...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... variables, such as component size and shape, material fatigue properties, the presence of mean stresses including residual stresses, surface conditions, local stress concentrations due to notches and stiffness changes, as well as material and manufacturing imperfections or discontinuities. The problem of...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003564
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... resistance of a conducting coating. Linear elastic stress-intensity solutions for the various specimen geometries are given in standard handbooks ( Ref 29 ). Short-crack experiments (typically with cracks less than 250 μm, or 10 mil, in length) were done by bending beams using surface cracks introduced from...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001596
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... related to high stress, hydrogen embrittlement, sharp radii or bends, and fatigue. A second category includes many of the spring processing variables such as faulty material, improper heat treatment, and corrosion related failures. Among the least likely causes are temperature-related variables. Table 2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006775
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... compression, bending, torsion). Finally, the factors influencing the appearance of a fracture surface and various imperfections or stress raisers are described, followed by a root-cause failure analysis case history to illustrate some of these fractography concepts. brittle fracture crack nucleation...