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rotary-bending fatigue

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... beach marks, suggesting rotary-bending fatigue. The fracture surfaces on the clutch shaft exhibited a star-shaped pattern, suggesting that the failure was due to torsional overload which may have initiated at corrosion pits discovered during the examination. Based on the observations, it was concluded...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c0047558
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... of fatigue that had been subjected to appreciable rubbing. The fracture appeared to be typical of rotary bending fatigue under conditions of a low nominal stress with a severe stress concentration. It appeared that the fatigue cracks initiated in the surface-weld layer. The weld deposit in the original...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0048134
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... during rotary straightening were observed. A crack that had originated at the surface at the inside bend and had propagated toward the outside of the bend was revealed by microscopy of a longitudinal section taken through bend 2. The small bend radius was interpreted to contribute to spring fatigue...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001459
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...Abstract Abstract Fundamentals of fatigue failure are outlined. Addressed are fatigue crack characteristics, basic crack types, unidirectional bending, alternate bending, rotary bending, torsion, direct stress, and combined stress. Stress cycle, endurance limits, under and overstressing, stress...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of failure investigation and corrective action. Fatigue failures in shafts, such as bending fatigue, torsional fatigue, contact fatigue, and axial fatigue, are reviewed. The article provides information on the brittle fracture, ductile fracture, distortion, and corrosion of shafts. Abrasive wear and adhesive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... The fractograph shows a crack pattern on the fracture surface that originated at the hole. Fig. 32 Shaft assembly in which the height of the pillow-block bearing caused misalignment of the extension shaft with the drive shaft, resulting in bending-fatigue fracture Fig. 33 Grade 8640 steel...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001370
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... of corrosion fatigue. Crack propagation occurred either by corrosion or mechanical fatigue. Evidence was found indicating high rotary bending stresses on the shaft during operation. The nonstandard composition of the En 8 steel used in the shaft and irregular maintenance reduced the life of the shaft...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... the values used in the design calculations, thus causing the initiation of the cracking. Moreover, although the shaft had been quenched and tempered, its actual hardness did not have the optimal value for long-term fatigue strength. drive shaft fatigue fracture rotating-bending variable stress 4340...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001846
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... was low-cycle rotation-bending fatigue. The bearing sleeve failed as a result of abrasive and adhesive wear. Detailed metallurgical analysis indicated that the sleeve and its respective journal had been subjected to abnormally high temperatures, increasing the amount of friction between the sleeve...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001813
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... that failed prematurely during fatigue testing. Failure was due to the presence of a tool mark (indentation) at a bend. (a) Setup for fatigue testing, and detail of the spring showing location of crack at bend 2. (b) A broken end of the spring, 40×; the tool mark (indentation) is just to the right of fracture...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... rope and sheave are increased. Higher bending stresses cause more rapid fatigue of the wires in the rope. Increased pressure also accelerates rope deterioration and, at the same time, increases sheave wear. As sheave size is increased, rope-to-sheave pressure is decreased, and bending becomes...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... modes, which together account for more than half the failures studied, are tooth-bending fatigue, tooth-bending impact, and abrasive tooth wear. Failure modes of gears Table 1 Failure modes of gears Failure mode Type of failure Fatigue Tooth bending, surface contact (pitting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006820
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... lubrication, the measurement of the backlash, and the necessary factors for starting the failure analysis. Next, the article explains various gear failure causes, including wear, scuffing, Hertzian fatigue, cracking, fracture, and bending fatigue, and finally presents examples of gear and reducer failure...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003568
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... been attributed to a number of mechanisms, including cutting ( Ref 45 , 50 , 51 , 52 , 53 , 54 ), fragmentation ( Ref 55 ), elastic and elastic-plastic fracture ( Ref 56 , 57 , 58 ), extrusion ( Ref 59 , 60 ), fatigue ( Ref 61 , 62 ), delamination ( Ref 63 , 64 ), deformation localization...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... growth of crack, and the sudden fracture of the remaining cross section. The article discusses the effects of loading and stress distribution on fatigue cracks, and reviews the fatigue behavior of materials when subjected to different loading conditions such as bending and loading. The article examines...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... ( Ref 61 ), elastic and elastic-plastic fracture ( Ref 62 – 64 ), extrusion ( Ref 65 , 66 ), fatigue ( Ref 67 , 68 ), delamination ( Ref 69 , 70 ), deformation localization ( Ref 52 , 60 , 71 , 72 ), and melting ( Ref 43 , 65 , 71 ). An even greater number of analytical models have been proposed...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003573
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... by buckling-induced fracture. (c) Low-cycle fatigue fracture. Source: Ref 8 Fig. 14 Deformation from threads that left impressions on the inside surface of a hole as the members sheared with respect to each other. Fig. 13 Gas-nitrided 4140 steel (27–31 HRC) drive-gear assembly...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006797
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... by buckling-induced fracture. (c) Low-cycle fatigue fracture. Source: Ref 9 Fig. 12 Part substitution that resulted in a distortion failure. (a) Distorted commercial cap screw that was used as a replacement for a hardened bolt. (b) Carry-handle flange that broke because the cap screw bent. (c...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... different approximations of the fatigue diagram. The shape of the diagram depends mainly on the material, the geometry of the component, and the type of loading (axial, bending, torsion, and shear). The lines are determined by the ultimate tensile strength, S u , and the alternating fatigue strength...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
...-5, University of Oklahoma , USAF Contract No. F34601-83-C-3448, ( 1985 ). 3. Kennelley K.J. , Daniels R. D. , “Stress Corrosion Cracking of 4340 Steel in Aircraft Ignition Starter Residues” , Int. Conf. on Fatigue, Corrosion Cracking, Fracture Mechanics, and Failure Analysis...