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response surface method

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003514
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... method, the response surface method, and Monte Carlo sampling. A brief introduction to importance sampling, time-variant reliability, system reliability, and risk analysis and target reliabilities is also provided. The article examines the various application problems for which probabilistic analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of soft metal bearing materials: babbitts, copper-lead bearing alloys, bronze, and aluminum alloys. It provides a discussion on the methods for fluid-film lubrication in bearings. The article presents the variables of interest for a rotating shaft and the load-carrying capacity and surface roughness...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006758
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... could render the component unusable. The results may also show whether issues such as corrosion, surface pitting, stress corrosion cracking or other manufacturing and in-service defects may be responsible for, or helped contribute to, the part’s condition. Overview Inspection Methods Part...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001595
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... steel Fig. 3 The distance hardness and approximate tensile strength equivalents that can result from composition and grain size extremes Quenching and tempering, and some surface hardening methods, are designed to take advantage of the beneficial aspects of steel hardenability...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001594
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... Utilities Electric Company (TU Electric) has implemented in response to these failures. High-cycle fatigue is invisible to proven commercial nondestructive evaluation (NDE) methods during crack initiation and the initial phases of crack growth. Under a constant applied stress, cracks grow at accelerating...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0060154
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... from different sections (ruptured area, slightly bulged but nonruptured area and visually sound metal) were inspected. The presence of pinhead-size intergranular fissures throughout the cross sections of the latter two samples was observed. An ultrasonic attenuation method was employed to investigate...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c9001610
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... response to metallic implants is affected by corrosion that, in turn, is affected by surface conditions (passivation and surface roughness). Review of ASTM medical device standards, 8 however, does not provide any quantitative data concerning surface roughness and finish of surgical implants. One...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... (fcc) structure generally are not sensitive to strain rate. Their response to cavitation often is similar to their static mechanical behavior. Main damage is caused by plastic deformation or ductile rupture, which can be attributed to microjet impact close to the surface. For metals with a body...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001797
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... as the most prevalent errors affecting cam–follower systems. Rothbart [ 6 ] computed the dynamic response of the system in presence of surface roughness of the cam. Kim and Newcombe [ 7 ] presented a profile model error with random amplitudes and calculated the dynamic response of a flexible cam–follower...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of detection (POD), on which the statistical reliability of crack detection is based. The coverage includes the various methods of surface inspection, including visual-examination tools, scanning technology in dimensional metrology, and the common methods of detecting surface discontinuities by magnetic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
..., fracture, or elastic collapse (buckling). The evaluation and monitoring of these stresses by nondestructive method may play an important role in assessing the life of the components. In this study, the presence of residual stresses is analyzed by eddy current method. Further, a complete investigation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001636
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... not responsible for secondary cracks close to the fracture surfaces. However, there was a finishing anomaly: a vacuum leak near the end of stress-relief annealing at 625 to 630 °C (898 to 903 K). The hub manufacturer checked for oxygen contamination due to vacuum loss. The contamination was no more than 30 µm...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003515
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... Common nondestructive evaluation methods Table 1 Common nondestructive evaluation methods Method Description Uses Limitations Liquid penetrant Penetrant solution containing visible dye or fluorescent particles is drawn into surface-breaking cracks and voids by capillary action...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001597
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
...Abstract Abstract This case study involves two continuously cast steel crankshaft failures. Three parties performed their own failure analyses: (1) the engine manufacturer responsible for component design, specification, and application; (2) the steel supplier and forging supplier responsible...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... ( Ref 63 ). It is worth appreciating that this dependency of RCF performance on various tribological design parameters and RCF test methods is not unique to overlay coatings. Conventional steel bearings often display such dependency, with the exception that this interdependency in the case of surface...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003500
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... be a momentary mental exercise or an extensive logistical charting analysis. Many volumes have been written on the process and methods of RCA. The concept of RCA does not apply to failures alone, but is applied in response to an undesirable event or condition ( Fig. 4 ). Root-cause analysis is intended...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627082952
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001517
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... to be utilized to determine the exact nature of the defect. The investigation describes how cross-sectioning, fractography, and chemical analysis were utilized to determine the type of defect responsible for the signal attenuation. Aircraft components Disbonding Laminates Ultrasonic testing Kevlar...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... on the processes involved in RCA and the charting methods that may be useful in RCA and ends with a description of various factors associated with failure prevention. corrosion distortion failure prevention fracture quality assurance root cause analysis wear MACHINES, COMPONENTS, and the materials...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001663
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
...Abstract Abstract Personnel responsible for laboratory protection at some plants are required to participate in exercises simulating a breach of security at the site. This document reports a metallurgical investigation of blank firing adapters (BFA), one of which exploded during such a training...