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resistance seam welding

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0047681
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
...Abstract Abstract A fluorescent liquid-penetrant inspection of an experimental stator vane of a first-stage axial compressor revealed the presence of a longitudinal crack over 50 mm (2 in.) long at the edge of a resistance seam weld. The vane was made of titanium alloy Ti-6Al-4V (AMS 4911...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0047598
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... tungsten arc welded tailpipes should be postweld annealed by re-solution treatment to redissolve all particles of carbide in the HAZ. Also, it was suggested that resistance seam welding be used, because there would be no corrosion problem with the faster cooling rate characteristic of this technique...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c0047606
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
...Abstract Abstract Type 316L stainless steel pipes carrying brine at 120 deg C (250 deg F) and at a pH of about 7, failed by perforation at or near circumferential butt-weld seams. The failure was examined optically and radiographically in the field. Specimens were removed and examined...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001823
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... pipe steel, approximately 22 cm (8.7 in.) OD x 0.5 cm (0.2 in.) wall thickness, which was electric resistance welded along the longitudinal seam. The pressure at the time and location of the failure was 2760 kPa, which corresponds to 20% of the specified minimum yield strength. The cause of failure...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... on the inside surfaces by dilute nitric acid cleaning solutions. Galvanic differences between the base metal and the dendritic weld seam were responsible for the localized attack. The uniform attack was caused by the limited resistance of the UNS NO6600 tube alloy to nitric acid. Accelerated uniform galvanic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... cross section through the round seam is shown in Fig. 2 , The fissure originated on the outside, at the transition from the unetched austenitic welding material, which is highly resistant to attack by hydrogen, to the basic material of the container. For some distance, the fissure followed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001176
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... for cause of failure. First section showed strong pit or trench-like attack in the welding seam on the inner surface. A bluish-black corrosion product adhered to the pits. The second section showed small blisters at the welding seam. The metallographic examination of the first section showed welding seam...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001609
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... corrosion and stress-corrosion cracking. Optimal resistance to stress-corrosion cracking requires mill annealing at 760 °C (1400 °F) for sufficient time to allow Cr replenishment in the sensitized regions of the microstructure. 1 Alloy 439 seam-welded tubes manufactured to SA-803 are supplied...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... to the shell. This pitting was wide and shallow compared to the deep pitting in the heads. Fig. 1 Intermittent pitting adjacent to weld seam. Intermittent pitting had also occurred along the head side of the weld at the other ends of the vessels. These joints were made by welding from both sides...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001171
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... and considerable shrinkages during cooling was investigated. The specimens were taken from various sources including transverse and longitudinal welding seam, sensitized areas and it was concluded appropriate material selection with respect to medium could control some corrosion processes. Marine...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... Macroscopic Observations The failed vent assembly was sectioned and photographed. Evidence of corrosion was found on the inside of the pipe along the bottom of the pipe, the longitudinal seam weld, and the circumferential girth weld at the reducer, as seen in Fig. 4 . The seam weld along the length...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c9001223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
...Abstract Abstract The corner of a welded sheet construction made from austenitic corrosion-resistant chromium-nickel steel showed corrosive attack of the outer sheet. This attack was most severe at the points subjected to the greatest heat during welding. Particularly large amounts of weld...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001304
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... solidification cracks. The joints had been produced using the mechanized gas-metal arc welding process. Cracking was attributed to improper control of welding parameters, and failure was attributed to weld defects. Air intakes Corrosion-resistant steels Diffusers Exhaust systems Low-cycle fatigue...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001052
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract A failure analysis was conducted to determine the cause of recurring failure of flexible bellows in an exhaust hose assembly. The bellows were made of type 321 stainless steel. Visual examination showed that cracks followed a path along the seam weld in the bellows. Most...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c9001175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
...-hole cracking in steam boilers or brine-evaporators. After going over to welded construction and introduction of caustic-cracking resistant steels by A. Fry 4 , rivet-hole cracks in steam boilers are not often encountered. In the following this type of failure is to be illustrated in an example...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
...) was removed. Fig. 3 Layout of the top half of the vent header where sections NRC-2R and NRC-2L were removed (shaded areas). A metallurgical cross section of the vent header pipe and seam weld was cut, mounted and polished. The specimen was etched in a 10% Nital solution and then examined...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001813
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in Fig. 6 , 7 , 8 , 9 , 10 , and 11 . 0.8× Fig. 2 Fatigue fracture of a locomotive spring with a bar diameter of 36 mm (1 7 16 in.). (a) A step (shown by arrow) is visible at the fracture surface near the inner diameter of the spring. A seam is visible, extending from the step...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003507
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... reduction may include: Laps appear as linear defects caused by the folding over of hot metal at the surface. These folds are worked into the surface but are not metallurgically bonded (welded) because of the oxide present between the surfaces. This creates a sharp discontinuity. Seams are a surface...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... that failed by fatigue originating at heavy weld reinforcement of a longitudinal seam weld. (a) A section of the bellows showing locations of the longitudinal seam weld, the circumferential welds, and the fatigue crack. Dimensions given in inches. (b) Mating fracture surfaces of the bellows. Crack initiated...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... were electroslag welded, and the welds were ground to match the curvature of the shell. The cylindrical shell sections were heated at 900 to 950 °C (1650 to 1740 °F) for 4 h, rounded in the rolls within that temperature range, and then cooled in still air for examination of the seams...