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residual stress

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003528
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article focuses primarily on what an analyst should know about applying X-ray diffraction (XRD) residual stress measurement techniques to failure analysis. Discussions are extended to the description of ways in which XRD can be applied to the characterization of residual stresses...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
.... The crack was 4.8 mm ( 3 16 in.) wide at the tread. The opening decreased linearly to only 1 mm (0.05 in.) at the hub bore. This degree of taper indicated that high tangential residual stresses were present in the rim at the time of failure. Testing Procedure and Results Surface Examination...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006768
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Definition of the reference axes and the direction of measurement in x-ray diffraction residual-stress analysis Fig. 3 ψ-splitting on steel using (a) elliptical fit and (b) linear fit for ψ > 0 and ψ < 0 Fig. 2 Common types of d -spacing versus sin 2 ψ plots. (a) Linear: exhibiting...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0047512
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
...) to 7 deg C (45 deg F) that night. The column was shop fabricated in 12 m (40 ft) long sections of 19 mm (3/4 in.) thick steel plate of ASTM A36 steel. Crack initiation was caused by high residual stress during girth welding, and the presence of notches formed by the termination of the incomplete welds...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... initiated from the spring inside coil surface. Examination of the fracture surface using scanning electron microscopy showed no evidence of fatigue. Final fracture occurred in torsion. X-ray diffraction analysis revealed high inner-diameter residual stresses, indicating inadequate stress relief from spring...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0091528
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... (1000 psi). Samples that were welded with the high heat input procedure, which promotes carbide precipitation and residual stress, cracked after 168 h of exposure, whereas samples that were welded with the low heat input procedure remained crack free. These results were considered significant because...
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 2 Typical residual-stress profile as a function of distance from the maximum stress concentration in the radius of a tiedown socket More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 11 High Residual Stress Areas of Stamped-Out-of-Sheet Part More
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Published: 01 December 2019
Fig. 9 Residual stress profile in the center member More
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 5 Failure assessment diagram (FAD) results. (a) Without weld residual stress. (b) With weld residual stress More
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 15 Distribution of the sampled weld residual-stress (WRS) profiles at the inner diameter (ID) from PROMETHEUS and PRO-LOCA More
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 16 Statistics from the sampled weld residual-stress (WRS) profiles from PROMETHEUS with Weibull distribution for initiation and PRO-LOCA More
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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 10 Surface residual-stress map of resistance-welded, heat-treated, and ground steel saw blade. Source: Ref 39 More
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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 11 Residual-stress map of welded 316L stainless steel plate. Source: Ref 40 More
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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 12 Effect of tensile residual stress (RS) on fracture loads as a function of test temperature. Source: Ref 43 More
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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 13 Crack-tip opening of a shot-peened and residual-stress-free Ti-6Al-4V specimen. Source: Ref 44 More
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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 14 X-ray diffraction residual-stress map showing the introduction of compressive surface residual stresses in the parent material and the reduction, but not elimination, of tensile residual stresses in the weld metal on the unmasked side from shot peening a nickel alloy weldment. Source More
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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 23 Subsurface residual-stress distribution after grinding hardened steel (stress measured in the direction of grinding). Source: Ref 3 More
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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 24 Residual-stress profiles on unpeened and peened samples More
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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 25 Comparison of residual stress on the tooth pitch diameter found in two different types of hardened steel gears in new and used conditions using x-ray diffraction. (a) Pinion gears. (b) Sun gears More