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refractory metal alloys

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... (land-based, marine shipboard, and aircraft). Predicting corrosion of metals and alloys or coated alloys is often difficult because of the range of composition of the corrosive gaseous or molten environments. Moreover, corrosion prediction is further complicated, because materials often degrade...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003552
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... focuses on the types of hydrogen embrittlement that occur in all the major commercial metal and alloy systems, including stainless steels, nickel-base alloys, aluminum and aluminum alloys, titanium and titanium alloys, copper and copper alloys, and transition and refractory metals. The specific types...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c0046998
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... regions. Further examination and testing were restricted to the failed tube and the refractory cement. Spectroscopic and Chemical Analysis The composition of the failed tube was found by spectrographic analysis to be normal for RA 333 alloy. Chemical analysis of scale taken from the heavily...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...-carbide, silicon-nitride, or boron-nitride. Refractories and structural ceramics are generally thought to be inert and corrosion resistant (as compared to metallic alloys), and they are, relatively so, at room temperature, under dry atmosphere, and over long time intervals. With increasing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001389
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Abstract During routine quality control testing, small circuit breakers exhibited high contact resistance and, in some cases, insulation of the contacts by a surface film. The contacts were made of silver-refractory (tungsten or molybdenum) alloys. Infrared analysis revealed the film...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001599
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
.... : Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams , vol. 2 , American Society for Metals , Metals Park, OH , 1987 , p. 1611 . 3. Imrich K.J. and Jenkins C.F. : Materials Performance in a Radioactive Waste/Glass Melter System Environment , Corrosion/96, National Association of Corrosion Engineers...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001249
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... Abstract The flanged bearing bush carrying the drive shaft of a feed pump suddenly fractured after about two years of service. The chemical composition was normal for high chromium ledeburitic cast steel, which was corrosion and wear resistant as well as refractory. For unknown reasons...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006828
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... metals to ceramics. Procedures for brazing various materials such as cast irons, steels, stainless steels, heat-resistant alloys, aluminum alloys, titanium alloys, copper alloys, reactive and refractory metals, and carbon and graphite are described in Welding, Brazing, and Soldering , Volume 6...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006835
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... of hydrogen in certain metals and alloys is the reaction of water vapor with the liquid metal at high temperatures. The water vapor may originate from the charge materials, slag ingredients and alloy additions, refractory linings, ingot molds, or even the atmosphere itself if steps are not taken to prevent...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... the intended function is decreased. The article addresses factors that may cause failures in castings for each metal type, starting with gray iron and progressing to ductile iron, steel, aluminum, and copper-base alloys. It describes the general root causes of failure attributed to the casting material...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001477
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... likely to cause stress corrosion cracking of a low alloy steel. The deposit was basically a mixture of calcium sulphate with silica and silicate. These chemicals were also the main constituents of the refractory material, but were present in an inverse ratio. It was concluded that the deposit had...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001712
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... Abstract A failure analysis was conducted in late 1996 on two rolls that had been used in the production of iron and steel powder. The rolls had elongated over their length such that the roll trunnions had impacted with the furnace wall refractory. The result was distortion and bowing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
..., Incoloy 825, nickel–iron–chromium alloy Draft tube ½-in. thick, Type 316 stainless steel Refractory lining of combustion chamber interior Wall: dense chromia-alumina brick Cone region: dense high chromia brick Castable refractory beneath brick in contact with cone plate Dense alumina...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003568
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... to be made entirely of erosion-resistant metal. Because liquid erosion is basically a surface phenomenon, the use of erosion-resistant overlays is effective in combating damage. The Stellite alloys and stainless steels are the alloys most widely used as overlays. However, many small parts...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Particulate erosion of a ductile steel impeller by an abrasive catalyst. Original magnification: (a) 0.25×, (b) 1× Erosion-resistant metals include white cast iron (standard gray or ductile cast irons have poor resistance), high-chromium (that is, 13 to 28%) alloy steel, cobalt-base superalloys...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c9001610
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... microanalysis ISO Standards: Metallic Materials for Surgical Implants Table 2 ISO Standards: Metallic Materials for Surgical Implants Material Identification Wrought stainless steel ISO 5832-1 Pure titanium ISO 5832-2 Wrought titanium 6-aluminum 4-vanadium alloy ISO 5832-3 Cast...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003507
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Segregation The elements in a cast alloy are seldom distributed uniformly. Even unalloyed metals contain random amounts of various types of impurities in the form of tramp elements or dissolved gases; these impurities are also seldom distributed uniformly. Therefore, the composition of the metal or alloy...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001108
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... certainly last more than 1 year until the furnaces reached their 10 year service life and would be ready for revamping. For a future solution, following modern design concepts, it was recommended that the Incoloy 800Hor H1 pigtails be changed to a low-alloy steel, such as 2.25Cr-1Mo, protected by refractory...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006780
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Nickel- and cobalt-base heat-resisting alloys 650 1200 0.56 T M Refractory metals and alloys 980–1540 1800–2800 0.4–0.45 T M Typical elevated temperatures in engineering applications Table 2 Typical elevated temperatures in engineering applications Application Typical...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003545
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... 650 1200 0.56 T M Refractory metals and alloys 980–1540 1800–2800 0.4–0.45 T M Typical elevated temperatures in engineering applications Table 2 Typical elevated temperatures in engineering applications Application Typical materials Typical temperatures, K Homologous...