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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... was thought to be contamination occurring in the casting process that became concentrated in the recycled skimmings. It was recommended that future material specifications for skimmings and for externally obtained scrap copper include a trace analysis for tellurium. Cupronickel Embrittlement...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0047636
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
...Abstract Abstract Several elbow subassemblies comprising segments of oil-line assemblies that recycled aircraft-engine oil from pump to filter broke in service. The components of the subassemblies were made of aluminum alloy 6061-T6. Two subassemblies were returned to the laboratory...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001714
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... contain CO and H 2 and some amounts of CO 2 and H 2 O. This composition is obtained by mixing of reformer gas (fresh gas from reformer) with recycle gas. The CO 2 content of recycle gas is reduced by passing it through a CO 2 absorber. The control of recycle gas is very important to obtain a good...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003567
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Worn wire screen in minerals processing plant showing effects of sliding wear in moist environment Fig. 4 Comparison of slurry wear for the flow-through and recycled slurry systems using a low-alloy steel in a 2% silica sand slurry. Source: Ref 13 Fig. 6 Relationship between...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the evaluation of many factors, as briefly summarized in more detail in the section “Materials Selection in Design” in this article. However, the key point is that materials selection is an up-front concern with important consequences for processing, product design, cost, availability, recyclability...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006800
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... Consultation with materials and manufacturing experts is, of course, strongly advised, and other factors, such as recycling concerns and existing business relationships, also may be relevant. Finally, once the set of the most practical part configurations has been generated, a more formal evaluation should...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... water as cooling tower makeup water. Gray water is classified as recycled sewage water generated from dishwashers, clothes laundry, and bath water. The water treatment program used copper inhibitor tolytriazole (TTA) between 1 and 2 ppm, bacteria control by free chlorine between 0.2 and 0.5 ppm...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001338
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... left in the tube. This oxygen enrichment would itself promote corrosion. (The modern car radiator designed with a catching and recycling system for the coolant is able to exclude oxygen, thus reducing corrosive attack.) Filling the tubes with water for pressure testing would, unfortunately, tend...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
....). In the “recirculation test,” the systm was temporarily replumbed so the that the slurry was returned directly to tthe recycle tank from which it is normally pumped. Results are shown in Table 1 . Under normal operating conditions, the discharge pressure was 179% of design and equaled the maximum recommended...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006838
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... L.W. , AM-Properties and Failure Analysis: The Impact of Recycling AM Powders , European Congress and Exhibition on Powder Metallurgy, European PM Conference Proceedings , The European Powder Metallurgy Association , 2015 , p 1 13. Andersson T. , Laukkanen A. , Pinomaa T...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001843
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... and electrical equipment. It is closely linked with the Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive (WEEE) which sets collection, recycling and recovery targets for electrical goods and is part of an initiative to solve the problem of huge amounts of toxic electronic waste. RoHS is often referred...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... , Dietzel W. : Dry sliding wear behaviour of a conventional and recycled high pressure die cast magnesium alloys . Mater. Charact . 60 , 843 – 847 ( 2009 ) 10.1016/j.matchar.2009.01.014 12. Abedini M. , Ghasemi H.M. , Nili Ahmadabadi M. : Tribological behavior of NiTi alloy...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... and a step forward in the research for better materials in industry, such as lightweight structures and components with very good weldability which are easier to recycle; all of this reduces the cost of the alloy and meets high specifications with steels that have a lower amount of alloying elements...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001111
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
.... The ASTM specifications for grade F and grade H do not require the addition of these elements. The A517 grade H steel supplied for construction of the bridge was melted by an electric furnace process using charge materials composed of purchased bundles of steel scrap, broken iron molds, and recycled...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001596
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... for the compressor. The spring design was therefore the root cause of failure. With this in mind, a model was developed to provide a technical basis for a new spring design. The compressor test plan is very lengthy, and recycling the test based on the current spring poses a risk for failure. To reduce the risk...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003565
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... each time, guides are provided. Some test rigs use one projectile repeatedly impacting against a counterface ( Ref 2 , 14 ), while others use a number of projectiles (usually balls) that are recycled (see Fig. 20 ) ( Ref 16 , 22 ). Those using one projectile can be used for one-body wear...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003502
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... for maintenance, design life, and design for recycling or disposal. Many types of equipment are now used far beyond their original design life, and often there is no guidance on how to predict what failures might occur, when they might occur, or where they might occur. This has long been an issue with regard...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... at a counterface. To ensure the projectiles impact at the same point each time, guides are provided. Some test rigs use one projectile repeatedly impacting against a counterface ( Ref 2 , 17 , 30 ), while others use a number of projectiles (usually balls) that are recycled ( Fig. 22 ). Those using one projectile...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... and susceptibility to cracking. Such steels are sometimes produced inadvertently when low-carbon steel is made in a furnace normally used to make high-alloy steels or when large amounts of recycled steel material are used to make steel without additional refining to remove such elements. The refractory lining...