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recovery boilers

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.pulp.c0047615
EISBN: 978-1-62708-230-3
...Abstract Abstract After ten years of satisfactory operation, economizer-tube failures occurred in a large black liquor recovery boiler for a paper mill. The economizer contained 1320 finned tubes. Two fins ran longitudinally for most of the tube length and were attached by fillet welding on one...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.pulp.c9001567
EISBN: 978-1-62708-230-3
...Abstract Abstract A falling film black liquor evaporator consisted of flat twin plate heat exchangers and was used to increase black liquor solids content prior to its burning in the recovery boiler. Several plate heat exchangers were fabricated of AISI type 316L stainless steel by electric...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001344
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... temperatures. In typical paper mill recovery boilers, stainless steel superheater banks are often installed because of their superior fireside corrosion resistance, excellent high-temperature strength, and relatively good weldability with chromium/molybdenum low-alloy steel tubing in the system...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006825
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
...: Rupture of a Flag Coil in a Sulfuric Acid Plant Waste-Heat-Recovery Boiler due to Erosion-Corrosion Cavitation Erosion Damage Stress-Corrosion Cracking Case Study: Chloride Stress-Corrosion Cracking of a 304 Stainless Steel Make-Up Water Tube Caustic Stress-Corrosion Cracking or Caustic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001609
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
...Abstract Abstract Alloy 430 stainless steel tube-to-header welds failed in a heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) within one year of commissioning. The HRSG was in a combined cycle, gas-fired, combustion turbine electric power plant. Alloy 430, a 17% Cr ferritic stainless steel, was selected...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003545
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... or creep rupture is apt to occur when damage is widespread with uniform stress and temperature exposure, as in the situation of thin-section components (such as steam pipes or boilers tubes). On the other hand, creep damage can also be localized, particularly for thick-section components...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003568
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... to as erosion-corrosion. The detrimental effects of erosion have caused problems in a number of industries. In the power-generation industry, erosion damage has occurred to boiler tubes and water walls ( Ref 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 , 8 , 9 , 10 , 11 , 12 , 13 , 14 , 15 , 16 , 17 ), steam...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract This article explains the main types and characteristic causes of failures in boilers and other equipment in stationary and marine power plants that use steam as the working fluid with examples. It focuses on the distinctive features of each type that enable the failure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... effects of erosion have caused problems in a number of industries. In the power-generation industry, erosion damage has occurred to boiler tubes and waterwalls ( Ref 2 – 16 ), steam turbines ( Ref 17 – 19 ), land-based gas turbines ( Ref 20 – 22 ), solids-transport systems ( Ref 16 , 23 – 27 ), cyclones...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... was encountered in copper alloys, caustic embrittlement was experienced in boilers. (Caustic embrittlement is also known as caustic cracking. Both of these terms are considered archaic; currently, the term caustic stress-corrosion cracking is used to describe the same phenomenon.) Cracking was observed around...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003517
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., or steady-state creep). Secondary, or second-stage, creep is an equilibrium condition between the mechanisms of work hardening and recovery. A constant but relatively low creep rate characterizes this stage. This constant or steady-state creep rate generally is the minimum creep rate and is widely used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006780
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... on cavity classification in boiler steels. Source: Ref 14 Fig. 7 Logarithmic plot of stress-rupture stress versus rupture life for Co-Cr-Ni-base alloy S-590. The significance of inflection points A , B , N , O , and Y is explained in the text. Source: Ref 18 Fig. 5 Typical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006813
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... – 563 10.1007/s11668-014-9862-y 4. Mobin M. , Malik A.U. , and Al-Hajri M. , Investigations on the Failure of Economizer Tubes in a High-Pressure Boiler , J. Fail. Anal. Prevent. , Vol 8 , 2008 , p 69 10.1007/s11668-007-9094-5 5. Mondi P.R. , Kumar D.S...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... , Jan 1903 10.1098/rsta.1903.0006 8. O’Donnell W.J. , Chap. 39, Code Design and Evaluation for Cyclic Loading—Sections III and VIII , ASME Companion Guide to the Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code , Vol 2 , 3rd ed. , Rao K.R. , Ed., American Society of Mechanical Engineers , 2006...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... by expansion rolling of boiler and heat exchanger tubes into holes in tube sheets. Tensile residual stresses at the surface are generally detrimental in terms of SCC, while compressive residual stresses (from shot peening or other processes) are beneficial. Under some circumstances, severe uniform cold working...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006807
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4