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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001634
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... release of high-pressure hydraulic fluid damaged the operator cabin, narrowly missing injuring the operator. Subsequent to the failure, the initiative of installing a mechanical guard over the hose was carried out to minimize the risk to the operator if a similar failure occurred in the future. The hose...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001518
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... by the retention of water by the cover material around the wire strands. It is apparent that there are a few key issues that are of great importance when aiming to minimize the risk of hydraulic hose failures and their consequential impact on the safety of the work environment. Inspection and Testing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001635
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... corrosion related, with the corrosion being driven by the retention of water by the cover material around the wire strands. It is apparent that there are a few key issues that are of great importance when aiming to minimize the risk of hydraulic hose failures and their consequential impact on the safety...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... prevention materials selection risk assessment MATERIALS SELECTION is an important engineering function in both the design and failure analysis of components. In design, materials selection can be a complex, iterative process that solves a particular set of engineering objectives for a given component...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003502
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... – 145 15. Kardos G. , Risk and Hazard Analysis in Design , Materials Selection and Design , Vol 20 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 1997 , p 117 – 125 16. Willis T. , Kaplan M.P. , and Kane M.B. , Safety in Design: an American Experience, C377/110 , Proc...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003514
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... method, the response surface method, and Monte Carlo sampling. A brief introduction to importance sampling, time-variant reliability, system reliability, and risk analysis and target reliabilities is also provided. The article examines the various application problems for which probabilistic analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003505
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... preventable risk. The real question is whether the risk outweighs the benefits. A risk-benefit analysis should include at least five factors: No matter how carefully and thoroughly one executes all possible preventive measures, it is necessary to ask: Although these three bases apply in general...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... that discontinuities near the theoretical detection limit may well be missed during routine inspection. If the surface is altered by peening or machining effects, the POD will likely be even further reduced. The POD can be increased somewhat by boosting the magnetic field at the risk of increasing the number of “false...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003515
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... , p 33 – 40 27. Balkey K.R. and Chapman O.J.V. , The ASME Research Task Force on Risk-Based In-service Inspection , Proc. European-American Workshop on Determination of Reliability and Validation Methods on NDE , Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Zerstorungsfreie Prufung, Berlin, 1997...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003504
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... protection. The remaining potential tasks were evaluated to determine whether they were economically useful. These procedures provide a systematic review of the aircraft design so that, in the absence of real experience, the best (maintenance) process can be utilized for each component or system” ( Ref 5...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006755
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... are eliminated, the possible root causes are ranked in terms of probability. In real-world practice, additional investigation focusing on the remaining possible causes is then performed to try to eliminate all but the one true root cause. The Reliability Center, Inc. developed a software package called...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003503
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the Safety of Real Time Control Systems Using FMEA , Proc. Annual Reliability and Maintainability Symposium , 1993 , p 227 – 230 10.1109/RAMS.1993.296851 14. Goddard P.L. , Software FMEA Techniques , Proc. Annual Reliability and Maintainability Symposium , 2000 , p 118 – 123 10.1109...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of Surface Roughness on Friction during Metal Forming Processes , J. Mater. Process. Technol. , Vol 159 , 2005 , p 9 – 16 10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2003.10.009 171. Hanson M. , Hogmark S. , and Jacobson S. , Influence from Tool Roughness on the Risk of Work Material Adhesion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006759
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of the sample and not introducing further contamination. Intentional sampling and removal of materials as the investigation continues can also pose a contamination risk, which if not managed carefully, can lead to misleading results. Chemical analysis must not be an afterthought; however, there may be times...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003519
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of probability. In real world practice, additional investigation focusing on the remaining possible causes is then performed to try to eliminate all but the one true root cause. The Reliability Center, Inc. developed a software package called PROACT (The Reliability Center, Inc., Virginia), which...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003546
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... mechanical strain). In out-of-phase cycling, one variable decreases with an increase in the other (e.g., the temperature decreases with increasing mechanical strain). These two cases are illustrated schematically in Fig. 1 . More complex paths are used to simulate practical, real-world situations. The next...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... The HIC of high-tensile-strength hard-drawn steel wire used for prestressing concrete pipe on exposure to laboratory cultures of the hydrogen-producing anaerobe, Clostridium acetobutylicum , has been demonstrated ( Ref 44 ). While this simple experiment demonstrates a principle, the real-world situation...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003512
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... occurs in a catastrophic manner. The ductile-to-brittle transition temperature can be above room temperature, putting at risk structures that operate below room temperature. This occurs in tanks such as molasses tanks, pressure vessels, ships such as the Liberty warships, and high-strength alloy steel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006781
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... selected on the basis of the observed cracks in a casing that was examined destructively ( Ref 27 ) and also on the basis of cracks that are likely to be most detrimental to the operation of the casing, including posing safety risks to the personnel working in the area. These cracks are designated A, B, C...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003528
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... (surface roughness, oxide layers, etc.) on XRD residual stress measurement results should be addressed prior to surface-stress measurements on real components. For example ( Ref 26 ), a steel specimen was machined in three regions, each with different machine tools, to introduce variations in surface...