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reactor pressure vessel

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract A pair of steam generators operating at a pressurized water reactor site were found to be leaking near a closure weld. The generators were the vertical U-tube type, constructed from ASTM A302 grade B steel. The shell material exhibited high hardness values prior to confirmatory heat...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0048835
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... Pressure vessels Welded joints ASTM A204 Grade A UNS K11820 Intergranular fracture Hydrogen damage and embrittlement Welds in two carbon-molybdenum (0.5% Mo) steel catalytic gas-oil desulfurizer reactors cracked under hydrogen pressure-temperature conditions for which hydrogen damage would...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001571
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... J. M. et al. , Nuclear Technology , August 1989 , 87 , 34 – 53 . 10.13182/NT89-A27637 3. Three Mile Island Reactor Pressure Vessel Investigation Project. Achievements and Significant Results , Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development , Paris , 1994 . 4...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0048840
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
...-stress levels after welding. Lamellar tearing Pressure vessels Strain aging Welded joints ASTM A201 Grade B Joining-related failures Brittle fracture A spherical carbon steel fixed-catalyst bed reactor failed after 20 years of service while in a standby condition ( Fig. 1 ). At the time...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001536
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... into the reactor pressure vessel in the event of a loss-of-coolant accident, and under normal operating conditions, it is filled with more or less stagnant cooling water at a temperature of 205 to 260 °C (400 to 500 °F) and a pressure of 6.9 MPa (1000 psi). In addition to wrought type 304 stainless steel piping...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article discusses the effect of using unsuitable alloys, metallurgical discontinuities, fabrication practices, and stress raisers on the failure of a pressure vessel. It provides information on pressure vessels made of composite materials and their welding practices. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Abstract This article discusses pressure vessels, piping, and associated pressure-boundary items of the types used in nuclear and conventional power plants, refineries, and chemical-processing plants. It begins by explaining the necessity of conducting a failure analysis, followed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001350
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... boundary and in the shell of nozzle 2 Pertinent Specifications The tank was fabricated in accordance with the section of the ASME Pressure Vessel Code that applies to nuclear components. Every stage of the fabrication was stringently controlled, as were the choice of parent metal and filler wires...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001813
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... or no effect. The cases examined show that knowledge is incomplete in regard to graphitization, and the prediction of its occurrence is not yet possible. pressure vessels piping creep deformation cracking high temperatures low alloy steel cracking perforations metallographic analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... for mechanical systems such as landing gear and gear box components Agriculture: Welded carbon or low-alloy steel pressure vessels containing ammoniacal materials that are used as a fertilizer, or stainless steel components subjected to chlorides Chemical, petrochemical, pharmaceutical, and refining...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... of factors resulted in failure by stress-corrosion cracking. Implementation of a new repair procedure was recommended. Repairs were successfully made using the new procedure, and all cracks in the weld repair zones were eliminated. Domes Heat-affected zone Nuclear reactor components Nuclear reactors...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001056
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract Type 347 stainless steel moderator circuit branch piping in a pressurized hot water reactor was experiencing frequent leakage. Investigation of the problem involved failure analysis of leaking pipe specimens, analytical stress analysis, and determination of “leak-before-break...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003526
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... modulus or fracture toughness, can change with temperature. Common design applications for FEA thermal analysis are power piping, pressure vessels and reactors, and turbine and heat engine components. A thermal analysis begins the same as a structural analysis, with the creation of a model...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001828
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... the pumps operate, is presented in the following section. Design Description Heat Transport Loop The heat generated in a CANDU reactor is removed by circulation of pressurized heavy water (D 2 O) through the reactor core. There are four HT pumps, each pump circulating 2,205 l/s (29,400 IGPM) of D...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006773
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and the thermal-expansion behavior of the material. Finally, the mechanical properties of the material, such as the elastic modulus or fracture toughness, can change with temperature. Common design applications for FEA thermal analysis are power piping, pressure vessels and reactors, and turbine and heat engine...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001581
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
.... These observations are consistent with limitations (2000 Addendum to ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code) on the use of cold worked austenitic stainless steels for elevated temperature service. Annealing Creep strength 304L UNS S30403 304H UNS S30409 304 UNS S30400 Creep fracture/stress rupture...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... chloride environment at 95 °C (200 °F). Cracks are branching and transgranular. (b) Caustic SCC in the HAZ of a type 316L stainless steel NaOH reactor vessel. Cracks are branching and intergranular. There are exceptions to the general rule that stress-corrosion cracks are branched. For example, some...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006802
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... in the design of any pressure vessel is to select the proper design code based on its intended use. For example, a pressure vessel may be a power or heating boiler, a nuclear reactor chamber, a chemical process chamber, a hydrostatic test chamber used to test underwater equipment, or an aircraft fuselage...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... Finally, the article presents practical fatigue assessment case studies of in-service equipment (pressure vessels) that employ DBA methods. damage tolerance design analysis fatigue damage mitigation fatigue life assessment fracture mechanics pressure vessels welds FATIGUE FAILURE of metal...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003512
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in order to understand how it may fail and to perform meaningful life assessment. For example, the first step in the design of any pressure vessel is to select the proper design code based on its intended use. For example, a pressure vessel may be a power or heating boiler, a nuclear reactor chamber...