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quality management systems

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003500
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... that initially gained global prominence in the 1980s, corporations, plants, government agencies, and other organizations developed new management systems and processes aimed at improving quality and customer satisfaction. Some of these systems include Total Quality Management (TQM), Continuous Improvement (CI...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... an understanding of the role of failure analysis but also an appreciation of quality assurance and user expectations. Quality and User Expectations of Products and Systems Primarily starting in the 1980s, corporations, plants, government agencies, and other organizations developed new management systems...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001697
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... Abstract Corrosion in potable and nonpotable water systems has been well documented in the past, and new research discusses innovations in water treatment and materials that are designed to enhance the quality of a water system, whether commercial or residential. This paper is a collection...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003502
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and manufacturing processes, integrated together, can be visualized as forming just one of a number of processes (such as finance or marketing) taking place within a project, within a management system, within a company, within a market, within an external environment. At each level of resolution...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... team, and the customer. Some of those interests may be in conflict, forcing the manager to make difficult decisions. Ultimately, the manager must make decisions grounded in quality, safety, performance, merchantability, profitability, and timeliness. These decisions can have far-reaching consequences...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... is expected to operate Operational consequences A category of failure consequences that adversely affect the operational capability of a physical asset or system (output, product quality, customer service, military capability, or operating costs in addition to the cost of repair) Owner A person...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003504
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... that adversely affect the operational capability of a physical asset or system (output, product quality, customer service, military capability, or operating costs in addition to the cost of repair) Owner A person or organization that may either suffer or be held accountable for the consequences of a failure...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003515
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Control Philosophy , Nondestructive Evaluation and Quality Control , Vol 17 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 1989 p 666 – 673 17. Rummel W.D. , Hardy G. L. , and Cooper T. D. , Applications of NDE Reliability to Systems , Nondestructive Evaluation and Quality Control...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001594
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... by the arrow Fig. 9 SEM fractograph of typical fatigue fracture that propagated through the pipe wall. Notice distinct fine-scale fatigue striations. Managing Risk Factors in Socket-Welded Joints Responding to fatigue failures in socket-welded joints in small bore piping systems...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006770
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... the x-ray detector to the display system of an SEM allows chemical “maps” to be obtained that can provide excellent visual representations of elemental and/or phase segregation. The need by industry for a quick and easy method to test chemical compositions for quality-control purposes has resulted...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006755
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... cause of the failure. First, deviation capture, root-cause determination, and corrective action are part of the quality management and continuous improvement program of every company. Furthermore, and perhaps more importantly, determination of root cause will result in an elegant, resilient...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003503
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... provisions in case the failure should occur. A structured approach to the FMEA ensures that all appropriate failure modes are analyzed, that the system satisfies its fault mitigation requirements, and that these requirements are properly allocated. The FMEA methodology can be usefully employed throughout...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... opportunities to improve operating processes and procedures related to the management of system integrity. Industry experience with corrosion-resistant alloys of steel, copper, and aluminum is reviewed. The article ends with a discussion on monitoring and preventing microbiologically influenced corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003519
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... investigation that discovers the root cause of the failure include being a part of quality management and continuous improvement programs, assisting in a redesign, solving a manufacturing problem, saving money, saving time, and maybe in some cases, preventing injuries and/or saving lives. The Four-Step...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003505
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... are negligence, breach of warranty, or strict liability. All three are predicated on the fault system (i.e., a person whose conduct causes injury to another is required to fully and fairly compensate the injured party). The basic method of imposing liability on a defendant requires the plaintiff to prove...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001828
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Ft·lbf and 10 MLE Failed journal 48 (average) … <0.2 1.5 Ft·lbf and nil MLE The UTS value is approximately the same, 1230 MPa Fig. 8 Observations from electron scanning Fig. 1 S-N fatigue curves—environmental impact Fig. 2 Heat transport system—layout...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...-control methods, equipment, and services; cost of labor attributed to corrosion management; cost of use of more expensive materials to lessen corrosion damage; and cost of lost revenue, loss of reliability, and loss of capital due to corrosion deterioration. Only selected industrial sectors were analyzed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001695
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... water purification system. The reactor deionizers were portable units installed in the 1960's and were moved between the basins as needed. The units provided some water chemistry control, but they were not operated continuously. There were some indications of corrosion over the years, but no major...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
...). In addition to requirements in the code, many industry standards provide guidance to gas and liquid operators as to how to maintain pipeline integrity. For example, American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) 31.8S, “Managing System Integrity of Gas Pipelines,” is widely used to help guide gas pipeline...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006800
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... properties, etc.) to achieve a final layout for a product, assembly, or system Fig. 3 Stages and steps in the iterative process of design. Source: Ref 1 As shown in Fig. 3 , iteration is a key feature for any step in the design process. In fact, engineering design can be thought...