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punch testing

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001004
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... and a non-embrittled material was such that no clear decision of the toughness properties was possible by this approach. The initial results obtained from small punch testing showed good agreement with other reported data and could be related to the FATT. Indeed, this small punch test, combined...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001130
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... the failed seat were examined using SEM fractography, tensile and ductility tests, and spectrographic chemical analysis. The test results showed that the steel used did not meet the manufacturer's specifications for ductility (elongation). In addition, the small-diameter punched holes caused a stress...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001826
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... inner (steam side) scales on punch side The in situ NDT of boiler riser tubes were carried out using boroscope and ultrasonic test (UT). The lower and upper portions of the failed tube were inspected by boroscope. The inspection did not reveal heavy scaling. The adjacent tubes were tested by UT...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006801
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... at tooling buyoff. Check for uniformity. Cutting steels used to punch the hole may need sharpening or alignment, and clearances may need to be returned to nominal. Describing a region of localized thinning on a tested sample or a formed part, the region encompassing the neck is still contiguous and can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... longitudinal splitting. Actual size Fig. 51 Failed AISI H26 exhaust-valve punch. (a) and (b) Longitudinal splitting of the punch caused by fatigue. Note the fracture progression starting from the top center at the punch. The punch surfaces were nitrided. (c) Top surface. Original magnification: 100...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., unconsolidated interiors, and carbide segregation and poor carbide morphology are reviewed with illustrations. brittle fracture carbide segregation die failure dies electrical discharge machining failure mechanisms finish grinding heat treatment hot working laps machining mechanical testing...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003507
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... variations in hardness can lead to premature failure and extreme difficulties during cold working or forming. In this case, one of the simplest and most effective tests for incoming material is a simple standard upset test. The details of such a test can be worked out between the supplier and the cold forger...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001270
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... in the forgings and from material flow during trimming and/or material flow during forging. Closed-die forging Cracking (fracturing) Die forgings Alloy steel Carbon steel Metalworking-related failures Intergranular fracture Background Testing Procedure and Results Discussion Conclusion...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001448
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... of the cleavage type indicative of a brittle material. The samples received comprised: ( a ) a rivet head which had dropped off, ( b ) a head cut off by means of a sett and ( c ) four rivets which had been punched out of the holes after the external heads had been cut off. Sulphur prints showed that all...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001768
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Abstract Abstract A steel splice plate in a power transmission line tower cracked while in service. Metallographic analysis indicated the presence of a white hard martensite layer near the crack, which occurred in the heel of the plate. Mechanical property tests revealed localized hardening...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001272
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
..., at this stress level, fracture mechanics indicated that the 25 mm (1 in.) starter crack exceeded or was very near the critical crack length for the material. Additional factors not taken into account in the design equations included cold work from a hole punching operation, thread imprinting in bolt holes...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003564
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... , 1967 , p 291 – 306 11. Wilshaw T.R. , The Hertzian Fracture Test , J. Phys. D, Appl. Phys. , Vol 4 , 1971 , p 1567 – 1581 10.1088/0022-3727/4/10/316 12. Mouginot R. and Maugis D. , Fracture Indentation beneath Flat and Spherical Punches , J. Mater. Sci. , Vol...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006765
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...-8_17 9. “ Standard Test Methods for Estimating the Depth of Decarburization of Steel Specimens ,” E 1077, Vol 03.01 , American Society for Testing and Materials 10. Sedriks A.J. and Mulhearn T.O. , Austenitic Manganese Steel: Structure and Properties of Decarburized Layer...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001601
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Metal forming Microstructure Surface finish 4130 UNS G41300 Metalworking-related failures Introduction The Flow Forming Process Objectives Experimental Observations Proof Pressure Testing Burst Pressure Testing Defects Cracking Optical Microscopy Fish Scaling...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001813
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of failures of springs that occur solely as the result of faulty design is comparatively small. However, there are occasional exceptions. For example, one of a test set of titanium alloy Ti-13V-11Cr-3Al torsionally stressed compression springs failed by fatigue after 12 × 10 6 cycles at a maximum stress...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of fractures due to environmental problems. Figure 7 shows a stress-corrosion crack in a partially broken sample of solution-annealed AISI 304 stainless steel tested in boiling (151 °C, or 304 °F) magnesium chloride. The crack path is predominantly intergranular, but considerable transgranular fracture...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001724
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... of Canada in Toronto. [2] What follows is a summary of this paper, with a few sidelights drawn from the discussion. Failure of Austenitic Rings Stress-Raisers Bursting Tests Fatigue Tests The Brittle Fracture Conclusion Selected References Selected References • Lampman S...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001600
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
...Abstract Abstract This paper summarizes the results of a failure analysis investigation of a fractured main support bridge made of 7075 aluminum alloy from an army helicopter. The part, manufactured by “Contractor IT,” failed component fatigue testing while those of the original equipment...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001681
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... Temperature Sulfur-Oxygen Corrosion of Nickel and Cobalt: , Hot Corrosion Problems Associated with Gas Turbines , American Society for Testing and Materials , Philadelphia , p. 21 ( 1967 ). 19. Misra A. K. , “Hot corrosion of Nickel and Cobalt Base Alloys at Intermediate Temperatures” , 10th...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003519
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... thickness, weight, and coating optical properties, are very well defined in written documentation. The specific definitions or limits are usually created by the customer, and tests are required to ensure compliance. Why Do Failures Happen? “Why do failures happen?” is an often-asked question...