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production capability

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006938
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... end use. How well the product performs will depend on the capabilities of the design, the effectiveness of the manufacturing, and the impact of environmental and use conditions. Importantly, the design envelope is not limitless; no design can withstand all challenges. Likewise, design evolution...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006801
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... tonnage at the right times of the cycle. The press and tooling must be capable of deforming what is now a higher-strength product due to the work hardening created by the bending/unbending of the metal going through the areas of the stake beads ( Ref 4 ) ( Fig. 8 ). Fig. 8 Stake beads minimize...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... as reasonable conduct of the plaintiff, because these opinions are related to understanding human capabilities, limitations, and performance under various conditions. While products should be designed to withstand conditions experienced during expected use and foreseeable misuse, all forms of misuse cannot...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... immediately surrounding the exhaust port. The combustion products which are forced through the gap around the exhaust port tend to settle out here. Corrosion studies using the products removed from several chambers showed the product to be corrosive to 4340 steel and capable of producing stress corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001906
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... with the heat treatment. Electron microscopy of the blackened surface showed a featureless condition associated with oxide formation. Energy dispersive spectroscopy of the blackened regions revealed evidence of a corrosion product or heat treat scale. These observations demonstrate that the surfaces around...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006935
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... to contain fluids or air; ability to reflect or absorb light, heat, or sound energy; abrasion resistance; or adhesion capability. Once a list of critical requirements is established, other desirable properties that would enhance the product and increase its sales potential should be listed. For example...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001732
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
..., or unspecified) failure Over the years, the automotive industry in general, Ford included, has evolved an approach to design of products which will have an acceptable life in the hands of the customer. In each case, proving ground and road tests have been employed as the chief tool to establish the adequacy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006868
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
..., whether intending to produce 20 parts per year or 20 million parts per year. Each process has capabilities and limitations, and these should be considered when determining which process is best suited for a given part or product. Selection of a process is a long-term decision that will dictate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006800
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... the same material as the competition, especially in a marketplace without real or perceived product differentiation. Quantity Constraints In the case of a single component or structure being designed, it will not be necessary to tool an assembly line or create a manufacturing process capable...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... or create a manufacturing process capable of making them by the millions. Production of a few components can sometimes be given more personal attention, permitting the inherent labor costs to be a higher percentage of the total price. On the other hand, if a large number of identical or similar items...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and cracks, while methods such as radiography and ultrasound are capable of detecting imperfections within a part. Other methods are more suited for online monitoring, which is a quality-control function in production systems. Also, there are many NDE methods used for condition monitoring of parts in service...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003503
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... how proper planning, along with functional, interface, and detailed fault analyses, makes FMEA a process that facilitates the design throughout the product development cycle. It also discusses the use of fault equivalence to reduce the amount of labor required by the analysis. The article shows how...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006866
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... of their degradative capabilities ( Ref 69 ) ( Fig. 2 ). In addition, simple reporter strains that act as bioindicators may be useful tools for rapid detection of degradation products. Within this framework, defined but artificial substrates such as shorter oligomers as model substrates are needed. Experimental...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003500
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... is its ability or capability to serve the need for which it was intended. Service life is the duration over which the product or system successfully serves its function. These characteristics define products in the customer's eyes. Arguably the most important characteristics, from a consumer's...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006840
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... “ Products Liability and Design ” in Failure Analysis and Prevention , Volume 11 of the ASM Handbook , 2002. The capabilities of analytical tools have advanced significantly since the 2002 edition of this Handbook. While it is beyond the scope of this glossary to provide detailed information on each...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006798
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... Asperger, “Legal Definition of a Product Failure: What the Law Requires of the Designer and the Manufacturer,” Failure Prevention Through Education, Getting to the Root Cause, Conference Proceedings , ASM International, May 2000; and the article “Products Liability and Design” in Failure Analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006760
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... be used in conjunction with SEM to evaluate the composition of corrosion products, deposits, and the base material. Other articles of this Volume cover EDS in more detail. Selection of Samples for Optical Metallography The guidelines useful for selecting samples for optical metallography...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006942
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... with photographic capabilities. The documented characteristics can be positive, showing how the product is supposed to appear, or negative, showing how the product is not supposed to appear. This portion of the failure analysis examination is typically the time at which the overall analysis plan is developed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001342
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... and a white powdery by-product ( Fig. 5 ). Removal of the inner liner revealed a cracked portion ( Fig. 6 .) Fig. 5 Corrosion particles on surface of bellows (white powder) Fig. 6 Inner surface of bellows, showing circumferential crack Testing Procedure and Results Nondestructive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006864
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... molding, compression molding, transfer molding, hand lay-up process, casting, and additive manufacturing. compounding operations dies extruder extrusion molding injection molding mixing molds process troubleshooting product design screw extruder thermoforming webline handling Extrusion...