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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Abstract The purpose of this article is to assist the reader in understanding the role that an engineering expert witness plays in evaluating incidents related to product liability, so that he or she may become better acquainted with the role that an engineer plays in such litigation...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003505
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article discusses the three legal theories on which a products liability lawsuit is based and the issues of hazard, risk, and danger in the context of liability. It describes manufacturing and design defects of various products. The article explains a design that is analyzed from...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c9001631
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... testing. Engineering expert litigation Manufacturing standards Products liability Quality control Metal Brittle fracture Often the first reaction of an expert or lawyer receiving a case from a client is simply a question or two. How can a strategy be developed to work this issue...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0005695
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of the Designer and the Manufacturer,” Failure Prevention Through Education, Getting to the Root Cause, Conference Proceedings , ASM International, May 2000, and (b) “Product Liability and Design” in this Volume of the ASM Handbook. ...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006840
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... “ Products Liability and Design ” in Failure Analysis and Prevention , Volume 11 of the ASM Handbook , 2002. The capabilities of analytical tools have advanced significantly since the 2002 edition of this Handbook. While it is beyond the scope of this glossary to provide detailed information on each...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006798
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... Asperger, “Legal Definition of a Product Failure: What the Law Requires of the Designer and the Manufacturer,” Failure Prevention Through Education, Getting to the Root Cause, Conference Proceedings , ASM International, May 2000; and the article “Products Liability and Design” in Failure Analysis...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c0089429
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... to wear eye protection and provide training on its importance. Eye protection, as well as other personal protective equipment, is also required by both federal and state laws and regulations governing workplace safety. Acknowledgments This article was adapted from C.O. Smith, Products Liability...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... or organization involved in a product liability case, as plaintiff or defendant, the blend of the legal and the technical is extremely important. The combination is called forensic engineering. Background: The Problem and Its Nature The client is a manufacturer of various types of modular housing units...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003520
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in a litigation is grounds for dismissal of a case, because it could make it impossible for the defendant to prepare a defense. Fortunately, the analysts could work around these problems, but this may not always be the case. This brings up a second issue that has emerged with the rise in product liability...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... and Design , Volume 20 of the ASM Handbook , 1997. Product liability lawsuits focus on the safety aspects of design ( Ref 11 ). Some people claim that the litigation has the effect of “improving safety” ( Ref 12 ). However, others say that such lawsuits are a very expensive way of addressing safety...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001122
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... , p 48 – 49 . 5. Boyer H.E. , The Hammer , Met. Prog. , Feb 1978 , p 66 – 68 . 6. Smith C.O. , Products Liability: Are You Vulnerable? , Prentice-Hall , 1981 , p 204 – 228 . 7. Metals Handbook , 9th ed. , Vol 11 , Failure Analysis and Preventation , American...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001286
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
..., introducing compressive residual stress at the fillet surface to prevent fatigue initiation. The problem was finally circumvented by redesigning the original all-metal caliper centering assembly with high-performance composite bushings. A major product liability concern was that a failed brake disc may...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001696
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... to the fracture, Figure 5 . The fracture surface itself was covered with debris and corrosion products. “Mud cracking” of the corrosion products was observed, typical of SCC. The fracture was cleaned and re-examined via SEM. Corrosion damage was evident on the fracture surface, as well as intergranular cracking...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003502
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in Design” ( Ref 14 ) and “Risk and Hazard Analysis in Design” ( Ref 15 ) in Volume 20 of the ASM Handbook . The focus of product liability lawsuits is on the safety aspects of design ( Ref 16 ). It is often claimed that the litigation has the effect of “improving safety” ( Ref 17 ). However...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.9781627083294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001347
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... References 1. Brown S.J. , The Product Liability Handbook: Prevention , Risk, Consequences, and Forensics of Product Failure, Van Nostrand Reinhold , New York, NY , 1991 , Chapter 10. 2. Nadi A. , Theory of Flow and Fracture of Solids , McGraw Hill , New York, NY , 1950 . 3...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001702
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... of the expansive forces of the corrosion product. Once this happens, bridges must be either repaired or replaced. A 1993 report to congress stated that of the 575,413 bridges in the United States 44% are either structurally deficient or should be posted for weight restrictions ( 1 ). Bridges represent a liability...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001593
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... Metal insert molding certainly offers distinct manufacturing and design advantages; however, it has inherent risks. These liabilities include the potential to generate excessive strain on the location of the part surrounding the insert due to a differential in the coefficients of thermal expansion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... wrench Fig. 2 Testing apparatus, 60,000 lb Tinius Olsen testing machine. Load applied to the drive wrench fastened to a shaft fixture. The load initiates a static torsional load to the test wrench. The product of peak load and drive wrench determine ultimate torque Fig. 3 Failed...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003523
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... The following are examples of codes and standards commonly referenced by personnel involved with reconstruction: Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) standards for construction and industrial accidents American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards for products Underwriters...