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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.pulp.c9001567
EISBN: 978-1-62708-230-3
... in austenitic stainless steels. Chlorides in the service environment were a contributory factor. The primary factor causing SCC localized at the electric resistant welds was substantial residual stresses as a result of fabrication procedures. It was recommended that the heat exchanger plates be subjected...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... and gas analysis, mechanical property testing, stereomicroscopy, and metallographic examination. The fire sleeves are fabricated from 3-mm thick plate made of Incoloy 800 rolled into 540-mm diam sections welded along the seam. Three such sections are joined together by circumferential welds to form...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001401
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... immediately adjacent to the weld or a short distance from it and on alternate sides. Microscopical examination did not reveal any intergranular carbide precipitation, such as is well known to result in the weld-decay mode of failure. It was concluded that the primary cause of failure was stress-corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001663
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... exercise. Determination of the cause of the explosion was the primary objective of the examination. Metallographic studies included the examination of BFAs fabricated from two different types of alloys that were tested for shock reaction. Optical microscopy supported by electron microscopy and analytical...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract Four truck cross members intended for use in heavy-duty transport trucks were investigated. Two of the members had cracked on a prototype vehicle and two had been fatigue tested in the laboratory. The cross members were fabricated from SAE 950X plate and consisted of a formed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001528
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... the foam insulation when wetted (e.g., tank overflow) and provide the requisite aggressive environment. TGSCC of austenitic stainless steels in aqueous solutions containing chlorides can begin even at very low tensile stress levels. In this case, the primary source of tensile stress is fabrication...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0048846
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... and in the circumferential direction in response to a bending moment load. It was concluded that the primary cause of failure was the occurrence of bending stresses that exceeded the stress levels predicted by design calculations and that were higher than the maximum allowable primary membrane stress. Bending stresses...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
..., showed that the cracks resulted from bydrogen-induced damage during truss fabrication. A review of inspection reports revealed that the cracked gusset plates were on the first trusses produced at the fabrication shop. Distortion, jig and fixture problems, truck transport loading difficulties...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
..., at the direct request of President Truman. These low temperature, low pressure reactors use heavy water as a neutron moderator and as the primary coolant for the reactor core and internal components. Heavy water is circulated through the reactor by six primary coolant loops. Each loop, and the reactor tank...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001717
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
..., the pilot had to perform a low hover maneuver to the maintenance facility, where ground crews assembled concrete blocks at the appropriate height to allow the aircraft to safely touch down. The failed part was fabricated from maraging 300 grade steel (2,068 MPa [300 ksi] ultimate tensile strength...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001611
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... design, and pre/postheating, played a role in the failure. Human factors and fabrication practices that contributed to the problem are covered as well. Hydrogen cracking Welding metallurgy Structural steel Joining-related failures Brittle fracture Introduction and Background Information...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0006444
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
...Abstract Abstract Helicopter rotor blade components that included the horizontal hinge pin, the associated nut, and the locking washer were examined. Visual examination of the submitted parts revealed that the hinge pin, fabricated from 4340 steel, was broken and that the fracture face showed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... girder and truss materials, and mechanical testing of the truss material. It was concluded that substandard structural components in combination with faulty construction was responsible for this service failure. Angle iron Fabrication defects Roofing Trusses Structural steel (Other...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001731
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... in aircraft parts. The results of the laboratory studies indicate that unusual care is necessary in the processing and fabrication of ultra-high-strength steel and in the design and maintenance of the structures in which it is used. Aircraft components Forgings Landing gear Ultrahigh strength steels...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... integrated. Several possible causes of cracking were considered: (1) zinc-induced liquid metal embrittlement, (2) hydrogen embrittlement, (3) hydroxide stress-corrosion cracking, and (4) nitrate stress-corrosion cracking. Liquid Metal Embrittlement The vent pipe consists of a fabricated galvanized...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001647
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... of two nested stainless steel containers. The filled and sealed inner container (secondary barrier) is placed into an outer container that is designated as the primary barrier against release to the environment. Together, the inner and outer containers provide the required double containment ( Fig. 1...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001086
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
..., as shown by the arrows in Fig. 1 near the bottom of blade 1 and on section B of vane 2. Figure 2 illustrates the types of failure and the general sequence of events leading to failure. The X's indicate the site of primary failure, which was a brittle type of fracture, or a series of cracks occurring...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... used synonymously. The primary objective of design is to develop a useful component or structure that performs an intended function in as safe a manner as possible. Therefore, the prevention of failure (generally defined here as any loss of intended function) is a principal concern of any design...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006800
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
....a0002458 The basis of all engineering is design, and the terms are often used synonymously. The primary objective of design is to develop a useful component or structure that performs an intended function in as safe a manner as possible. Therefore, the prevention of failure (generally defined here...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006835
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
...Abstract Abstract The primary purpose of this article is to describe general root causes of failure that are associated with wrought metals and metalworking. This includes a brief review of the discontinuities or imperfections that may be common sources of failure-inducing defects in the bulk...