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primary circuit radiation fields

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... that establishes an electromagnetic field around the coil. This primary field causes eddy currents to flow in the part as a result of electromagnetic induction. The eddy currents are affected by all characteristics (conductivity, permeability, thickness, flaws, and geometry) of the part. Fig. 8 General...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001536
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... contamination generally produces most of the radiation field, and therefore most of the potential personnel radiation exposure, associated with a contaminated component. However, loose contamination poses the greatest hazard for secondary contamination of personnel and equipment. In general, the goal...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003534
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... structure of the surfaces under study. Most of these techniques are based on bombarding the surface with photons, x-rays, ions, neutrons, or electrons and analyzing the radiation emitted and/or reflected from the surface. Other techniques use other interactions, such as physical probing of the surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... These techniques provide data about the physical topography, physical properties, chemical composition, and chemical structure of the surfaces under study. Most of these techniques are based on bombarding the surface with species such as photons, x-rays, ions, neutrons, or electrons and analyzing the radiation...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... crusher wear, electronic circuit board drill wear, grinding plate wear failure analysis, impact wear of disk cutters, and identification of abrasive wear modes in martensitic steels. abrasive wear failures abrasive wear mechanisms adhesive wear erosive-type wear wear failure analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006943
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... with EDS probe attachment is referred to as the SEM/EDS technique and has a typical depth of analysis of ~1 to 3 μm. However, because the plastics are basically organic and are typically composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms, the primary use of the SEM/EDS technique is limited to identifying...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Classification of Wear In any engineering field where various contact processes are involved, some method of classification is required to provide a convenient breakdown of that system, so it can be studied systematically ( Ref 3 , 4 , 5 ). Specific reasons for classifying wear include ( Ref 6...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c9001578
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... An induction furnace in a steel mill was used to heat and diffuse galvanize (zinc) into the steel strips. A loud, high pitch frequency would radiate from the steel plate during the induction heating process. When the sound began, vertical stripes would also appear on the plating. The stripes on the galvanized...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... often desirable for the analyst to visit the scene, but for the analysis of some components it may be impractical or impossible for the failure analyst to visit the failure site. Under these circumstances, data and samples may be collected at the site by field engineers or by other personnel under...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... can be performed in the field. If the sample is undergoing extensive laboratory examination, it may be prudent to carefully retain the corrosion in place for laboratory documentation and removal. If samples are removed on site, care must be taken to avoid any contamination. Sealed bags, latex...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003500
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... Another example of such a failure is the inability of an integrated circuit to function reliably. In the next level of severity of failure, a system or component is inoperable ( Ref 13 ), such as a pump shaft fracture that causes the impeller to seize or a loss of load-carrying capability...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006925
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... of long, individual molecules that are bonded to each other by secondary chemical bonds, which are much weaker than the primary covalent bonds that hold the molecules together. On the other hand, thermosets are invariably composed of some type of three-dimensional covalently bonded network structure...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... from the surface may be performed in the field. If the sample is undergoing extensive laboratory examination, it may be prudent to carefully retain the corrosion in place for laboratory documentation and removal. If samples are removed on site, care must be taken to avoid any contamination. Sealed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of some of the wires results in an unsafe condition and is therefore considered a failure if the rope is not replaced through normal scheduled maintenance. Another example of such a failure is the inability of an integrated circuit to function reliably. In the next level of severity of failure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006923
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... shown in Fig. 1 . The primary effect of crystallinity in linear thermoplastics is the mediation of the modulus change at T g and maintenance of the rubbery plateau into higher temperatures ( Fig. 1 ). Cross linking a polymer produces the same qualitative effects on the temperature dependence...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... Changes in one or more of the three necessary factors—material, stress, and environment—can prevent or mitigate SCC, either in design or after a problem has occurred in the field. Material selection and specification is the first line of defense. Lowering of the applied stresses and elimination...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006924
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... linking occurs. Completion of the cure reaction ultimately results in a fully cured, cross-linked network. Thermosets may be cured by heat, ultraviolet radiation, and, in some cases, electron beam radiation. Epoxy resins are the best-known and most studied of the thermosets. Other useful thermosets...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.9781627083959
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract High-temperature corrosion can occur in numerous environments and is affected by various parameters such as temperature, alloy and protective coating compositions, stress, time, and gas composition. This article discusses the primary mechanisms of high-temperature corrosion, namely...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in.) deep for steels ( Ref 3 ). These features are the primary reason why fatigue in welds is a dominant failure mechanisms. Volumetric Imperfections Volumetric imperfections include porosity and slag inclusions. Because these types of imperfections tend to be nearly spherical in form, their notch...