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press forming

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... a deep, concentric groove created during a press forming operation. It was also determined that atmospheric contamination occurred during the welding of the head, causing embrittlement, which may have also contributed to the failure. Recommendations were made addressing the problems that were observed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001416
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
...Abstract Abstract Hydraulic cylinders on three identical presses failed in a similar manner after approximately ten years' service life. The cylinder was a steel casting having a carbon content of the order of 0.3 to 0.4%. During machining of the internal surfaces, a sharp corner had been left...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c0047545
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
...Abstract Abstract The AISI 1080 steel crankshaft of a large-capacity double-action stamping press broke in service and was repair welded. Shortly after the crankshaft was returned to service, the repair weld fractured. The repair-weld fracture was examined ultrasonically which revealed many...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0059924
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
...Abstract Abstract The large steel ring produced for a nuclear application from a billet of 8822 steel was inspected. The large billet was first forged into a doughnut preform in a large press, and then formed into the ring by ring rolling. A straight-beam ultrasonic inspection was instituted...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
...-P-408 gas turbine (turbojet) engines, involves the rework and/or replacement of many components including the fuel nozzle heat shields. These heat shields, which are fabricated by press forming from annealed type 321 corrosion resistant steel (CRES) sheet, are utilized to keep hot combustion gases...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006835
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... immediate stress-relief treatments after forging. Further discussion of these topics can be found in the article “ Forging of Aluminum Alloys ” in Metalworking: Bulk Forming , Volume 14A of the ASM Handbook , 2005. In production situations where slower rates of deformation are possible (press forming...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006801
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... , “ Application of Strain Analysis to Sheet Metal Forming Problems in the Press Shop ,” SAE Paper 680093, Jan 1968 10.4271/680093 8. Hecker S.S. , A Simple Forming Limit Curve Technique and Results on Aluminum Alloys , Sheet Metal Forming and Formability, Proceedings of the Seventh Biennial...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c9001551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
...Abstract Abstract A multi-million dollar, four-color printing press used to produce a major weekly magazine was breaking pinions (shouldered shafts) on rolls. The cause of fracture was cyclic fatigue. Steel quality and heat treatment met expected standards. The pinion fracture showed multiple...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001844
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... hole to form zone I and zone II, then propagating along the radial of the gear to form zone III. It is noted that the fracture surface at two sides of the oil-pressed hole exhibits a silvery gray layer of 1–2 mm ( Fig. 5b ). Fig. 5 Macro-fracture surface: ( a ) general view, ( b ) close-up view...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c9001413
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
...Abstract Abstract The fractured end of a piston rod of a hydraulic press failed in line with the leading face of the piston retaining nut. Although the nut apparently had been seated uniformly, the face was polished, indicating that relative movement between it and the piston had taken place...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003564
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Surface cracks caused by manufacturing pressing faults or blunt impact loads are the most common types found on ceramic ball surfaces. Figure 1 illustrates typical images of the crack defects found on the ceramic ball surface. Most of the defects are ring cracks. Lateral and radial surface cracks...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001288
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
..., the notch factor, K t , is ( Ref 1 ): (Eq 2) K t = 1 + 0.5 ( h / 2 r ) 1 / 2 For h = 0. 17 m (0.4 ft) and r = 6 × 10 −4 m (measured fillet radius), K t = 7. The fatigue safety factor of the press platen n can be written in the form: (Eq 3) n...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001468
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... material which fractured at the time of the mishap was in the form of a narrow strip, situated slightly to one side of the center of the shaft. The material was a mild steel in the normalized or annealed condition, having a carbon content of approximately 0.3%. The cracking was characteristic...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003542
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... it. The tape holds the pieces together without influencing the strength results. For example, Fig. 3 shows four disks of MgF 2 , broken in flexure (the ring-on-ring test, in which the disk is placed on a ring and loaded to failure by pressing on the other surface with a smaller, concentric ring; equibiaxial...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001216
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
...”. The flashes are the residual stamped surface. a). 4 × b) 30 × Figures 4 show a good stamping which however has been pressed out in the form of a cylindrical prominence. In this case the dimpling force was too great and the stamping cylinder force too low. The cladding was cut by the edge of the anvil...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003510
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., a relatively hard transformation product; and to achieve the desired as-quenched hardness. The most common transformational products that may be formed from austenite in quench-hardenable steels are, in order of formation with decreasing cooling rate: martensite, bainite, pearlite, ferrite, and cementite...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... vulnerable point in a dynamically stressed area—typically a stress raiser, which may be mechanical, metallurgical, or sometimes a combination of the two. Mechanical stress raisers include such features as small fillets, sharp corners, grooves, splines, keyways, nicks, and press or shrink fits. Shafts often...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
...). Detail A: Sections through failure area showing original design, first revised design, and final design. OD, outside diameter Fig. 24 Schematic illustration of stress distribution in two types of rotating shafts with press-fitted elements under a bending load Fig. 25 Peeling-type...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003500
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... They are all customer focused and are founded on problem solving as a means for improvement. When addressing customer focus, producers and other organizations have identified that the form, fit, function, and service-life requirements of a product or system are actually defined ultimately by customers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006837
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... cap, as seen in Fig. 32 . The journal stub was pressed out of the bearing. Present on the end of the journal was the axle fabrication data, shown in Fig. 33 . The axle was manufactured by Standard Forged Products, McKees Rocks Forgings of McKees Rocks, Pennsylvania, in June 1990 Fig. 31...