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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003504
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... (RCM) is a systematic methodology for preventing failures. It is a specific process used to identify the policies that must be implemented to manage the failure modes that could cause the functional failure of any physical asset in a given operating context ( Ref 1 ). In its present form, RCM has been...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... 35 . Wiley , New York ( 1979 ) 2. Ashby M.F. : Material Selection in Mechanical Design . Butter-worth Heinemann , Oxford ( 1999 ) 10.3758/BF03210826 3. Zergoug M. , Kamel G. , Boucherou N. : Mechanical stress analysis by eddy current method . J. Am. Sci...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
...-CENTERED MAINTENANCE (RCM) is a systematic methodology for preventing failures. It is a specific process used to identify the policies that must be implemented to manage the failure modes that could cause the functional failure of any physical asset in a given operating context ( Ref 1 ). In its present...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006762
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... Information can be transmitted via e-mail, a computer presentation program, and a formal report. Regardless of the communication method requested, documentation of the work should be generated. It is recommended that the investigator discuss what level of security is required for transmitting the information...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001666
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... ) and revealed an irregular or jagged crack appearance that was not evident with the powder method. It is worth noting that this would be the extent of the information that would be obtained nondestructively with conventional techniques. Fig. 2 Disc keyway area showing magnetic particle indication...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006758
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... so that the part is inspected in such a way as not to impart additional damage to the component or disturb, obscure, or destroy any damage evidence that could be present. Therefore, consideration must first be made for potential damage if any of the NDE methods require the application of compounds...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006756
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... characterization approaches and categorization methods of damage mechanism are also covered. damage mechanism damage modes damage failure analysis THE PRINCIPAL TASK OF A FAILURE ANALYST during a physical-cause investigation is to identify the sequence of events involved in the failure. Technical...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003521
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... with failures are present. These techniques are discussed in detail in the Section “Tools and Techniques in Failure Analysis” in this Volume. Damage mode identification chart Table 1 Damage mode identification chart Method Instantaneous failure mode (a) Progressive failure mode (b) Ductile...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006917
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... with a better understanding of how to evaluate and prevent it. It then presents factors that affect and contribute to the susceptibility of plastic to ESC: material factors, chemical factors, stress, and environmental factors. The article includes the collection of background information to understand...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... by fuel and/or ash compounds of Na, V, S, and Cl. Vanadium and sulfur are present in the coal or fuel oil burned in different applications. In some situations, these impurities may be ingested from the service environment, for instance, in the case of NaCl contamination from marine atmospheres...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... to the destructive strain gauge method, Rigaku Denki “Strainflex” x-ray diffraction apparatus designed for residual stress measurements was used to determine the residual stress near the bulkhead/bilge keel welds. Both the strain gauges and the x-ray diffraction produced results that varied from approximately zero...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... small shallow dimples ( Fig. 3 ) or flutes, and there can be significant localized plasticity around crack tips. These observations are consistent with an adsorption-induced dislocation-emission (AIDE)/microvoid-coalescence (MVC) process, as proposed by the present author [ 5 , 17 ]. In most cases...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... of developing fatigue cracks in many of their structural components is always present. It is thus very important that cranes and associated equipment be inspected regularly — at least visually and preferably by nondestructive test methods — for the presence of cracks. Further, it often appears...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., and wear failures. The article provides information on the synthesis and interpretation of results from the investigation. Finally, it presents key guidelines for conducting a failure analysis. chemical analysis corrosion failure corrosion testing data collection failure analysis fracture...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001617
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... reasons: the mode of failure could easily have been misdiagnosed, and there were a number of underlying causes of failure, not all of which were definitely established despite detailed investigations. It is worth emphasizing that it is important to distinguish between modes of failure (e.g., fatigue...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006929
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
.... There is an important point worth mentioning regarding usage temperature. Applied stresses, environmental conditions, and plastic additives are additional factors which can affect upper temperature limits for both amorphous and semicrystalline polymers. Test methods, such as Vicat and heat deflection temperature, can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... Finally, the article presents practical fatigue assessment case studies of in-service equipment (pressure vessels) that employ DBA methods. damage tolerance design analysis fatigue damage mitigation fatigue life assessment fracture mechanics pressure vessels welds FATIGUE FAILURE of metal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... the electrochemical nature of corrosion and provides the typical analysis of environmental- and corrosion-related failures. It presents common methods of testing of laboratory corrosion and discusses the processes involved in the prevention of environmental- and corrosion-related failures of metals and nonmetals...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003518
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... is presented exclusively as a series of steps or recipes, the repetitive steps may be conducive to carelessness. If the process of failure analysis is viewed as just a routine series of procedures, the practitioner may not notice the presence of new or different features. This is not to say that structured...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006909
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... for the acquisition and presentation of multipoint data that demonstrate the behavior of plastics for prolonged exposure to heat, liquid chemicals, and environmental stress cracking under a constant tensile stress and artificial weathering. Thermal Stability Test Methods A standard procedure for assessing...