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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003504
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... (RCM) is a systematic methodology for preventing failures. It is a specific process used to identify the policies that must be implemented to manage the failure modes that could cause the functional failure of any physical asset in a given operating context ( Ref 1 ). In its present form, RCM has been...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006762
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., conclusions must eventually be drawn from the data. References 1. Vander Voort G.F. , Conducting the Failure Examination , Met. Eng. Quart. , May 1975 2. “ Scientific and Technical Reports - Preparation, Presentation, and Preservation ,” ANSI/NISO Z39.18-2005 (R2010...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... coefficient of thermal expansion 28Cr3SiNiWMoV (chromium hot-worked steel) Introduction History Visual Observations Chemical Composition Hardness Testing Phase Analysis Metallography Characterization by Eddy Current Method Discussion Conclusion References References 1...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001666
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... that was not evident with the powder method. It is worth noting that this would be the extent of the information that would be obtained nondestructively with conventional techniques. The crack location was measured in a number of ways: on the photographic record of the magnetic particle method, on the magnetic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006756
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... with damage are present. (These techniques are discussed in detail in the division “Tools and Techniques in Failure Analysis” in this Volume.) Table 1 Characteristics of fracture and crack damage modes Examination method and contributing factors Instantaneous failure mode (a) Progressive...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003521
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... as the initiation mechanism? Evaluating questions such as these leads to specific identification of the failure mechanism and possible root causes. It is also worth noting that not all features listed in Table 1 will always be present in a particular case for a given failure mode. Some examples...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., the performance indicators referred to in Table 2 have also been shown to match that of full-scale bearing tests ( Ref 63 ). It is worth appreciating that this dependency of RCF performance on various tribological design parameters and RCF test methods is not unique to overlay coatings. Conventional steel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006758
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... so that the part is inspected in such a way as not to impart additional damage to the component or disturb, obscure, or destroy any damage evidence that could be present. Therefore, consideration must first be made for potential damage if any of the NDE methods require the application of compounds...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001617
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... Research Establishment Atlantic, Special Report DREA SR 1999-162 , Canada , 1999 , pp. 221 – 34 . 5. Anon.: ASTM B 154–89, “Standard Test Method for Mercurous Nitrate Test for Copper and Copper Alloys,” ASTM , Philadelphia, PA . 6. Hansan F. , Jahanafrooz A. , Lorimer G.W...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... always subjected to severe cyclic loading in service. The possibility of developing fatigue cracks in many of their structural components is always present. It is thus very important that cranes and associated equipment be inspected regularly — at least visually and preferably by nondestructive test...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... Leeper J.E. : Mercury—LNG’s problem . Hydrocarbon Process. 59 ( 11 ), 237 – 240 ( 1980 ) 24. Wilhelm S.M. , McArthur A. , Kane R.D. : Methods to combat liquid metal embrittlement in cryogenic aluminum heat exchangers . In Proc. 73rd GPA Annual Convention , pp. 62 – 71...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... , Pittsburgh , p. 69 ( 1993 ) 11. Stringer J. : Coatings in electricity supply industry: past, present and opportunities for the future . Surf. Coat. Technol . 1 , 108 – 109 ( 1998 ) 12. Viswanathan R. : An investigation of blade failures in combustion turbines . Eng. Fail. Anal...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
.... The plate was sectioned into progressively smaller pieces until a 10 × 20 mm piece of plate containing each strain gauge was left. One cut, which removed part of the bilge keel, caused noticeable change in the distortion as the reaction stresses changed. In addition to the destructive strain gauge method...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006781
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... damage mechanisms and elucidate mechanism coupling interactions. In addition, life modeling in TMF conditions and a practical application of TMF life prediction are presented. coupling interactions fatigue life prediction thermomechanical fatigue THERMOMECHANICAL FATIGUE (TMF) is the general...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., and wear failures. The article provides information on the synthesis and interpretation of results from the investigation. Finally, it presents key guidelines for conducting a failure analysis. chemical analysis corrosion failure corrosion testing data collection failure analysis fracture...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003570
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... Both forms of liquid-impact erosion are discussed in detail in Friction, Lubrication, and Wear Technology , Volume 18 of ASM Handbook ( Ref 1 , 2 ). Most of what is presented in those articles is not repeated here; instead, emphasis in this article is on manifestations of damage and on ways...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003518
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of failure analysis, performing a series of tests does not always produce results that allow the analyst to reach a clear conclusion with ease. Also, if failure analysis is presented exclusively as a series of steps or recipes, the repetitive steps may be conducive to carelessness. If the process of failure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006754
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., each biting the tail of the adjacent snake. Obviously, he and others went on to use more scientific methods to demonstrate the correctness of his theory. Likewise, while any failure investigation must stand or fall on the merits of the analytical work done, historically, too little credit has been...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006755
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... that look alike. One thing that must be considered when presented with a failure that is just like a previous one is that the previous failure investigation did not find the root cause. Another good point to remember is that failures are specific to an industry and the specific requirements...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003546
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of loading: in-phase and out-of-phase cycling. The article illustrates the ways in which damage can interact at high and low temperatures and the development of microstructurally based models in parametric form. It presents a case study of the prediction of residual life in a turbine casing of a ship through...