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precipitation-hardenable stainless steel

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001361
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... steel hardened to 36 to 38 HRc, whereas the race was also of 17-4PH hardened to 26 to 35 HRc. The ball was constructed of 440C steel hardened to 55 to 62 HRc. The liner was a Teflon impregnated sintered bronze matrix. The fracture surface was found to contain beach marks originating at the tips...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Abstract Abstract A precipitation-hardened stainless steel poppet valve assembly used to shut off the flow of hydrazine fuel to an auxiliary power unit was found to leak. SEM and optical micrographs revealed that the final heat treatment designed for the AM-350 bellows material rendered the AM...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001520
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... impulse test. Both part types were made of 15-5 PH (UNS S15500) precipitation hardening stainless steel. Hydrogen embrittlement cracking was the likely cause of failure for both part types. Cracking of the as-fabricated parts was ultimately prevented by changing the manufacturing procedure to allow...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001707
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
...Abstract Abstract The failures of two aircraft components, one from a landing gear and the other from an ejector rack mechanism, were investigated. Both were made from PH 13-8 Mo (UNS S13800) precipitation-hardening stainless steel which had been heat treated to the H1000 and H950 tempers...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0047109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... with that of a new part. There was no significant difference between microstructures in the new and in the used stems. The microstructures were found to be typical of a martensitic precipitation-hardening stainless steel in the H900 condition. Because of the small size of the stems, hardness was the only...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003552
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Alloys Austenitic Stainless Steels Ferritic Stainless Steels Martensitic and Precipitation-Hardening Stainless Steels Nickel-Base Alloys Stainless Steels Copper and Copper Alloys Transition and Refractory Metals Titanium and Titanium Alloys Analysis of Hydrogen Embrittlement...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract Several compressor disks in military fighter and trainer aircraft gas turbine engines cracked prematurely in the bolt hole regions. The disks were made of precipitation-hardened AM355 martensitic stainless steel. Experimental and analytical work was performed on specimens from...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001583
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... material difference, as listed in Table 4 . The “C” specimens failed at 83,020 and 168,567 cycles, respectively; whereas the “A” and “B” specimens did not fail after a total of 3 million cycles. Alloy PH 13-8 Mo is a martensitic precipitation hardenable stainless steel with a composition balanced...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003570
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... admirably as blading in high-purity steam. Some turbines have been fitted with precipitation-hardened stainless steel (17-4 PH) blades in the next-to-last row of the low-pressure stages; the intention was to forestall corrosion fatigue failures in the location where steam first becomes wet and impurities...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001845
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... of impeller made of FV520B martensitic precipitated hardening stainless steel . Eng. Fail. Anal . 34 , 501 – 510 ( 2013 ) 10.1016/j.engfailanal.2013.07.003 5. Zhang M. , Chu Q. , Li J. et al. , Failure analysis of a welded impeller in coke oven gas environment . Eng. Fail. Anal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Embrittlement of Metals: A Primer for the Failure Analyst , J. Fail. Anal. Prevent. , Vol 8 , 2008 , p 289 – 307 10.1007/s11668-008-9133-x Austenitic Stainless Steels Ferritic Stainless Steels Martensitic and Precipitation-Hardening Stainless Steels Annealed Nickel Alloys Nickel-Base...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... microscopic examination precipitation-hardening stainless steel sampling simulated-service tests stress concentration stress-corrosion cracking susceptibility titanium alloys welding STRESS-CORROSION CRACKING (SCC) is a failure process that occurs because of the simultaneous presence of tensile...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... sufficient to fracture the screws in ductile overload. Example 2: Forming Cracks on Stainless Steel Wire. Cold-drawn 6.4 mm (0.25 in.) diameter type 303 stainless steel wire sections failed during a forming operation. All wires failed at a gradual 90° bend. Investigation High-magnification...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... Example 2: Forming Cracks on Stainless Steel Wire Cold-drawn type 303 stainless steel wire sections, 6.4 mm (0.25 in.) in diameter, failed during a forming operation. All of the wires failed at a gradual 90° bend. Investigation High-magnification visual examination disclosed many fine ruptures...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... susceptible to hydrogen damage and less likely to produce a corrosion couple. Precipitation hardened stainless steels are often considered as alternatives to alloy steel in attempting to correct such problems. It was pointed out, however, that these alloys are not immune to hydrogen embrittlement...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and residential plumbing systems, SCC can occur in brass plumbing components that are used in a hard temper condition or that have residual stresses from final finishing, such as rolled threads. Stainless steel clamps used in residential cross-linked polyethylene (PEX) plumbing systems exhibit SCC when moisture...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... with dispersoids or precipitate phases for hardening is affected by heat treatment. In these materials, microstructure seems to play a secondary role in terms of how well hardening precipitates, dispersoids, or other second-phase interfaces “tie up” segregants. For example, for ultrapure high-strength steels...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003540
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., and chromium diffusion is faster in nickel-base alloys than in austenitic stainless steels; therefore, the nose in the carbide precipitation or sensitization curves is shifted to shorter times and higher temperatures. Significant heat-to-heat variations in the chromium depletion of alloy 600 have been observed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... and material factors that cause a part to fail during heat treatment. The article discusses the problems associated with heating and furnaces, quenching media, quenching stresses, hardenability, tempering, carburizing, carbonitriding, and nitriding as well as potential stainless steel problems and problems...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006797
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... stress just above the tensile strength, as shown Fig. 4 where the lower curve became essentially horizontal. This collapse load agrees with the limit-analysis collapse load of 1.5 times the load at yield. The beam made of stainless steel, which strain hardens at a rather high rate, showed no distortion...