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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003566
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... to power-transmission gears. However, as pointed out by Lodge, spalling occurs in the hardened periphery of the striking face, with the core not playing any role in the process. Consequently, the use of high-hardenability steels for hammers should not pose any problems, and, in fact, as noted earlier...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001302
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... if the temperature of the blank is below about 1149 °C (2100 °F). Such blanks are also set aside, but can be re-inserted into the heating line after cooling. This forging was made in two steps. After the blank left the induction coil, it dropped through a chute and an operator placed it in a hammer forge...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006835
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... die is considerable in those cases where velocity is the major energy component (i.e., power hammer or drop hammer forging). Thus, the act of bringing the die halves together precisely can be a daunting task. As a result, the dimensional specifications for forgings will often take into account...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003570
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... Spicher and K. Kyle for guidance about practices in hydrogenerating and pumping stations. Most of the research in which the author participated was sponsored by the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI); I am grateful for that support and for the encouragement of Dr. J. Stringer, the EPRI project...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006820
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... , Metals Park, OH , 1988 , ISBN 0-87170-279-7 • Errichello R. , How to Analyze Gear Failures , Power Transmis. Des. Mag. , Penton Publishing , March 1994 • Hertzberg R.W. , Estimation Procedure for Determination of Fatigue Crack Propagation in Metal Alloys , Fatigue...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627082952
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract This article explains the main types and characteristic causes of failures in boilers and other equipment in stationary and marine power plants that use steam as the working fluid with examples. It focuses on the distinctive features of each type that enable the failure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006825
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... is a proprietary grade developed by Nippon Steel Corporation, Japan. (c) Esshete 1250 is a proprietary grade developed by Sandvik AB, Sweden. Chemical composition of alloys used in supercritical, ultra-supercritical, and advanced ultra-supercritical power plants Table 3 Chemical composition of alloys...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003562
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of fatigue cracks in the rotor. These problems in turbines and generators are discussed in Ref 10 . Steel ropes are used widely as mooring ropes, haulage ropes, mining ropes, and on cable cars. Overhead power lines are in effect ropes made up of aluminum wires wound on a steel support rope; more...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Ref 14 with permission from Elsevier Fig. 3 Fretting wear damage process in turbine engine dovetail interface. Adapted from Ref 17 . Reprinted with permission from Elsevier Fig. 4 Representation of fretting wear damage in overhead power lines, inducing failure of a wire (located...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006813
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... D.P. , Advances in Brazing: Science, Technology and Applications , Woodhead , Oxford, U.K. , 2013 3. Montgomery M. , Enemark A. , and Hangaard A. , Failure of Titanium Condenser Tubes after 24 Years Power Plant Service , J. Fail. Anal. Prevent. , Vol 14 , 2014 , p 554...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... used for cooling can change over a period of time, through seasonal variations, or from an unpredictable accident. Long lead time in power-plant erection can have a considerable effect on the tubes. Heat exchangers may be completed and sent to the field years before the remainder of the plant...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses pressure vessels, piping, and associated pressure-boundary items of the types used in nuclear and conventional power plants, refineries, and chemical-processing plants. It begins by explaining the necessity of conducting a failure analysis, followed...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... be missed if the observer is not vigilant. Inspection of the topographic features of the failed component should start with an unaided visual examination and proceed to higher and higher magnification. A magnifying glass followed by a low-power microscope is an invaluable aid in detection of small details...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... of metal components, equipment, and structures has long been a serious safety and reliability concern for countless manufacturing, construction, and transportation industries, including automotive, aerospace, marine, power generation, chemical processing, and oil and gas. Furthermore, fatigue failures have...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006834
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... zone possible … Different consistency grades available (centrifugal effects, vertical mountings, etc.) Avoid long greasing lines (starvation, hardening of grease, thickener separation) Low power losses (possible) … Fig. 69 Elastohydrodynamic lubrication and the influence of film...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.9781627083294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4