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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0091330
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...Abstract Abstract At a power plant, C-276 nickel alloy welds (N10276) on a C-276 duct floor completely disappeared in less than half a year. A continuous supply of flue gas came in contact with the closed bypass duct. The unscrubbed combustion products condensed on the cold duct...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0091761
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
...Abstract Abstract Turbine buckets in a 37.5-MW gas turbine made of Udimet 500 superalloy failed in service. The power plant was located 1 km (0.6 miles) from the Pacific Ocean and operated on No. 2 diesel fuel, which was supplied by tanker ship. Turbine bucket failures occurred on three units...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0048708
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
...Abstract Abstract The horizontal heat-exchanger tubes made of copper alloy C70600, in one of two hydraulic-oil coolers in an electric power plant, leaked after 18 months of service. River water was used as the coolant in the heat-exchanger tubes. Several nodules on the inner surface and holes...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0091201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... performed on site to eliminate stray currents as a possible cause of failure in the piping system. The piping system was inspected for possible sources of ac or dc current flow. An external battery was used to impress a voltage. Voltage and current were recorded with the external power supply applied...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... An external battery was used to impress a voltage. Voltage and current were recorded with the external power supply applied and removed. There was no evidence of stray currents or electrical discharge. It was noted that the ambient temperature and slow or stagnant flow conditions present in the piping...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0048733
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
...) and that the pressure in the steam supply had increased. The steam valve was immediately closed, and within 3 min, the valve in the steam line at the power plant was closed. The relief valve on the steam-supply line at the power plant, which was set at 862 to 896 kPa (125 to 130 psi), was inspected; there were...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001473
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... of main gear wheel and one rim after the accident. The alternator and the supply were connected to the works' busbars by separate circuit breakers. Protection for the alternator was provided by circulating current, negative phase sequence, and reverse power relays. A synchronising relay...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001688
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... are considered representative. Tube Evaluation Superheater Header Stub Failures Concluding Remarks References References 1. Toft L.H. and Marsden R.A. , “The Structure and Properties of 1%Cr - 0.5%Mo Steel After Service in CEGB Power Stations” , in Structural Processes in Creep...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... at the service entrance will not trip the main circuit breaker in a home or business since the arcing fault is on the upstream (power company) side of the circuit breaker. In incident 1, the arcing was so severe that it eventually overloaded the fuses in the primary side of the supply transformer which provided...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c0091669
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... near the seacoast. A complete check was then made, both visually and with the aid of a low-power magnifying glass, of all coupling nuts of this type on the missile. Investigation (visual inspection, spectrographic and chemical analysis, and metallographic examination) supported the conclusion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001289
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... radial zones, were detected by magnetic-particle testing. Russian alloy 38KhA was sued for the fabrication of the parts. One cracked sample was selected for low-power optical and high-power scanning electron microscopic (SEM) examination. Two 20 mm (0.8 in.) thick disks sliced from the rolled...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001609
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
...Abstract Abstract Alloy 430 stainless steel tube-to-header welds failed in a heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) within one year of commissioning. The HRSG was in a combined cycle, gas-fired, combustion turbine electric power plant. Alloy 430, a 17% Cr ferritic stainless steel, was selected...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001042
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... attached to the undercarriage assembly of an airport shuttle train. The spring linked the train with the rail, supplying the electrical energy for propulsion. Pertinent Specifications Specimen Selection Low-power examination revealed the failed surface to be very smooth across the leaf spring...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0047998
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... environmental conditions and were installed as a corrective measure. Importance of dirt free supply and drainage of oil was discussed. Ball bearings Leakage Lubricants Overheating Shafts (power) Bearing steel Rolling-contact wear Pitting corrosion A large number of drive-shaft hanger bearings...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001283
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... (one each from the upsetting, preforging, and final forging stages) were selected for low-power optical and high-power scanning electron microscopy (SEM) examination. A specimen was cut from the supplied raw material for detailed and comparative studies. Macrofractography Macroexamination...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of how design affects local corrosion. Impressed-current protection requires buried anodes and an electrical connection between the protected structure and the current source. A power rectifier supplies direct current to the buried electrodes (the structure and the anode). The direct-current source...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001296
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Abstract Abstract A 52000 bearing steel valve guide component operating in the fuel supply system of a transport aircraft broke into two pieces after 26 h of flight. The valve guide fractured through a set of elongated holes that had been electrodischarge machined into the component. Analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of bearings. Grooves and depressions are often provided in bearing surfaces to supply or feed lubricant to the load-carrying regions. The article explains the effect of contaminants in bearings and presents the steps for failure analysis of sliding bearings. It also reviews the factors responsible for bearing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract A 460 mm (18 in.) diam suction line to the main feed water pump for a nuclear power plant failed in a violent, catastrophic manner. Samples of pipe, elbow, and weld materials (ASTM A106 grade B carbon steel, ASTM A234 grade WPB carbon steel, and E7018 carbon steel electrode...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003523
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... similarity with the principles for failure analysis of material incidents that are less complex than a large-scale accident. The article provides a brief review of some general concepts on the use of modeling which can be a very powerful tool for information pertaining to the reconstruction of an accident...