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powder metals

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006838
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... considerations, and quality assurance. The emphasis is on the design and metallurgical aspects for the two main types of metal AM processes: powder-bed fusion (PBF) and directed-energy deposition (DED). The article also describes the processes involved in binder jet sintering, provides information on the design...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001843
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... and others in reserve. Later, when some of the reserve connectors were inspected, the metal surfaces were covered with spots consisting of an ash-like powder and the plating material had separated from the substrate in many areas. Several connectors, including some that had been in service, were examined...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003507
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... is to describe general root causes of failure that are associated with wrought metals and metalworking. This includes a brief review of the discontinuities or imperfections that may be common sources of failure-inducing defects in bulk working of wrought products. This article does not address powder metallurgy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006864
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Wiley and Sons , 2020 Fused-Filament Fabrication Laminated Object Manufacturing Solid-Based Additive Manufacturing Processes Fused Deposition Modeling Direct Metal Laser Sintering Selective Laser Melting Three-Dimensional Printing PolyJet Technology Powder-Based Additive...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001387
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... anode Fig. 5 SEM micrograph showing details of the outer surface of the gouged nickel anode. 32 Fig. 6 SEM micrograph showing the presence of iron globules at the edge of unattacked nickel anode. 256 Fig. 7 Diffractometer trace of black powder collected from the bottom...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001686
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
.... Because only the coil I.D. crown position had the scale, a circumferential temperature gradient around the pipe was inferred. This means that the fire side of the coil (inner diameter) reached metal temperature of at least 480 C while the metal temperature on the casing side of the coil (outer diameter...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... corrosion resistance. Etching of the core structure showed a selective form of cast iron corrosion (spongiosis or graphitic corrosion) which lowered the strength of the cast iron enough that a knife could scrape off a black powder (10.85% C, 1.8% S, 1.45% P). Analysis showed that some of the “sulfate” found...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c9001719
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
...) and polishing (Al 2 O 3 powder). Fig. 14 EDS Scan at 30,000× in a secondary crack with third phase (identified as copper) of failed locomotive axle. Discussion and Analysis Liquid Metal Embrittlement LME as defined generally is the decrease in strength or ductility of a solid metal caused...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0047793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
.... The microstructure of the metal in the impeller exhibited scattered porosity and carbide particles and appeared to be a sintered powder metallurgy compact. Metallographic examination of a section through the damaged splines and of a section through the adjacent undamaged part of the same splines disclosed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001674
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... that the preferential attack of the gold was due to HCN formed by decomposition of the explosive powder at high temperatures. Other associated reactions were also observed including the subsequent attack of the solder by the gold corrosion product and degradation of the plastic header. Bridgewires Detonators...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... boiler in service for 12 years exhibited localized underdeposit corrosion and hydrogen damage. EDS and XRD revealed that bulk internal deposits collected from the tubes contained metallic copper which can accelerate corrosion through galvanic effects and can promote hydrogen damage. Ultrasonic testing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001389
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... metal contacts Abstract During routine quality control testing, small circuit breakers exhibited high contact resistance and, in some cases, insulation of the contacts by a surface film. The contacts were made of silver-refractory (tungsten or molybdenum) alloys. Infrared analysis revealed...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003570
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... stainless steels of the 18 to 20% Cr and 8 to 10% Ni class (CF-8). Manifestations of Cavitation Erosion Cavitation erosion typically begins with deformation rumpling and work hardening of metal surfaces, often with delineation of grain and phase boundaries, as shown in Fig. 1(a) , 2(a) , and 3...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... or the outside of the tube. However, indications of tightly closed cracks could be seen on the outer surface, which had been in contact with the chloride solution. A test for cracks by the magnetic powder technique was not possible with the austenitic material. By means of the colour penetration process, however...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627081801
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... fiber reinforced polymer composite ft foot FTA fault-tree analysis FTIR Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy g gram G energy release rate; shear modulus GMAW gas metal arc welding GPa gigapascal GPC gel permeation chromatography GTAW gas tungsten arc weld h hour H Grossmann number hcp hexagonal close...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001713
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... Abstract On 21 April 1995, the contents of a large blender (6 cu m) reacted and caused an explosion that killed and injured a number of workers at a plant in Lodi, NJ. A mixture of sodium hydrosulfite and aluminum powder was being mixed at the time of the accident. This report focuses...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... of testing in the residue paste was (1) linear polarization, (2) cathodic polarization, and (3) anodic polarization. X-Ray Diffraction and Elemental Analysis To identify the compounds and aggressive agent or agents present in the residue product both powder x-ray diffraction and microprobe analysis...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001364
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Fig. 1 Metallic pieces from the centrifugal compressor as received for analysis Fig. 2 Close-up views of the aluminum pieces removed from the compressor. The beaded surface suggests a melting and resolidification of the surface layer. Fig. 3 SEM photographs showing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... was also present. No phosphorus was detected. In the electron microscope, the powder had the appearance of individual grains. The manufacturer of the paint disclosed that phosphorus was, in fact, an element in the paint. But the paint is often applied directly to metals and should not have caused...