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powder metallurgy parts

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006838
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... and fabrication sources of failure, addresses the key factors in production and quality control, and explains failure analysis of AM parts. binder jet sintering directed energy deposition failure analysis metal products metallurgical characteristics powder bed fusion quality assurance ADDITIVE...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Abstract A 13/16-in. hex socket failed while in use. Analysis (hardness testing, optical and scanning electron microscopy, and EDS) revealed that the socket was made of low carbon steel formed in a powder metallurgy process. A number of flaws were found including nonuniform wall thickness, poor...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006826
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
..., and/or machining parameters cause workpiece rejection, catastrophic cutting tool failure, and/or workpiece failure during machining. Metallurgical factors contributing to (in-process) workpiece failures: Physical metallurgy effects on workpiece failures during production machining Machined part (in-service...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c9001665
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
... Abstract Following a freight train derailment, part of a fractured side frame was retained for study because a portion of its fracture surface exhibited a rock candy appearance and black scale. It was suspected of having failed, thereby precipitating the derailment. Metallography, scanning...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0047793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
.... The microstructure of the metal in the impeller exhibited scattered porosity and carbide particles and appeared to be a sintered powder metallurgy compact. Metallographic examination of a section through the damaged splines and of a section through the adjacent undamaged part of the same splines disclosed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006800
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Abstract Materials selection is closely related to the objectives of failure analysis and prevention. This article briefly reviews the general aspects of materials selection as a concern in both proactive failure prevention during design and as a possible root cause of failed parts. Coverage...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., stainless steel, age-hardening aluminum alloys, etc.), its general product form (e.g., wrought, cast, powder metallurgy, etc.), and the processing method (e.g., forged, die cast, injection molded, etc.). All of these factors must be considered when the shape of a part is defined during configuration design...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006759
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract Chemical analysis is a critical part of any failure investigation. With the right planning and proper analytical equipment, a myriad of information can be obtained from a sample. This article presents a high-level introduction to techniques often used for chemical analysis during...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003507
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... is to describe general root causes of failure that are associated with wrought metals and metalworking. This includes a brief review of the discontinuities or imperfections that may be common sources of failure-inducing defects in bulk working of wrought products. This article does not address powder metallurgy...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of hydrogen-ion activ- ity PI polyimide PM preventive maintenance P/M powder metallurgy PMMA polymethyl methacrylate POD probability of detection PP polypropylene PPS polyphenylene sulfide PREN pitting resistance equivalent number PS polystyrene PSO point surface origin PSZ partially stabilized zirconia PTFE...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627081801
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... and allowed to sit for 30 min. The pieces were then sprayed with dye penetrant and left to fully absorb the dye for 30 min. After wiping down the parts, the developer was added and the pieces were observed for 30 min so as to detect the appearance of any discernible surface defects. Chemical analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the liquid penetrant may corrode the metal. Surface films may prevent detection of discontinuities. Penetrant may be a source of contamination that masks results in subsequent chemical analysis of fracture surfaces. The process is generally not suited to inspection of low-density powder-metallurgy...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...: burning or incipient melting can also occur in extreme cases. Figure 31(a) shows an end view of a powder metallurgy die component made from AISI D2 tool steel that melted and deformed due to highly excessive localized temperatures during heat treatment. The microstructure in this region ( Fig. 31b...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... areas are hardened. Original magnification: 2× Failures due to Burning and Melting Temperature-control problems can cause difficulties other than overaustenitization; burning or incipient melting can also occur in extreme cases. Figure 31(a) shows an end view of a powder metallurgy die...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... microstructure were recommended. Ceramic coatings Sintering (powder metallurgy) Surgical implants Ti-6Al-4V ELI UNS R56407 Fatigue fracture Background Total knee prostheses were retrieved from patients after radiographs revealed fracture of the Ti-6Al-4V extra low interstitial (ELI) metal...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003570
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... worldwide. Materials selection for hydraulic machines, especially massive ones, is dictated, in large part, by economics and fabricability. Thus, most large hydroturbines and many large centrifugal pumps are constructed of carbon-manganese steels, typically 0.2% C and 1% Mn. The most common...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006820
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Abstract This article first reviews variations within the most common types of gears, namely spur, helical, worm, and straight and spiral bevel. It then provides information on gear tooth contact and gear metallurgy. This is followed by sections describing the important points of gear...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... analysis hydrogen damage hydrogen embrittlement metal parts steel HYDROGEN DAMAGE is a term used to designate a number of processes in metals by which the load-carrying capacity of the metal is reduced due to the presence of hydrogen. The detrimental effects of hydrogen on metals are often...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003552
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... damage are generally more common within particular alloy systems. Hydrogen damage in one form or another can severely restrict the use of certain materials. This article is divided into three parts. The first part is an introduction to the general forms of hydrogen damage, and the second part...