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powder extrusion

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006864
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
.... These functions and their relationship to the extrusion screw are discussed later. The extruder must convey solid pellets/powder forward once the material is inside the barrel. This is primarily accomplished in the feed zone. For this, the frictional force between the plastic/barrel must be larger than...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006915
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... with various regions of the viscosity curve. It discusses the concept of shear sensitivity, the nature of viscoelastic properties, and the electrical, chemical, and optical properties of different plastics. It also reviews plastic processing operations, including extrusion, injection molding, and thermoforming...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003507
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... operations are also classified as either primary metalworking (where mill forms such as bar, plate, tube, sheet, and wire are worked from ingot or other cast forms) or secondary metalworking (where mill products are further formed into finished products by hot forging, cold forging, drawing, extrusion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.9781627083959
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006849
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... (extrusion plastometer, ASTM D1238-13, Ref 8 ); however, the data generated are influenced by preheating time, test chamber temperature, and applied load (shear force and shear rate) as well as preparatory cleaning and charging of the polymer pellets into the test orifice (ungloved hand oils acting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006838
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... considerations, and quality assurance. The emphasis is on the design and metallurgical aspects for the two main types of metal AM processes: powder-bed fusion (PBF) and directed-energy deposition (DED). The article also describes the processes involved in binder jet sintering, provides information on the design...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006935
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... and thermosetting resins are defined as follows. Thermoplastic Thermoplastic processing normally involves heating plastics granules, powders, or sheet to above the melting point of the polymer and then forcing the melt into a cooled mold until it is solid enough to handle. During this process, three...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006925
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... be reduced to a single curve when weight-average molecular weight is used. Plastics with narrow molecular weights are preferred for low warpage in thin-wall injection molding, film extrusion, and rotational molding. Plastics with moderately low molecular weights are suitable for high-speed processing...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., stainless steel, age-hardening aluminum alloys, etc.), its general product form (e.g., wrought, cast, powder metallurgy, etc.), and the processing method (e.g., forged, die cast, injection molded, etc.). All of these factors must be considered when the shape of a part is defined during configuration design...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006800
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003568
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... been attributed to a number of mechanisms, including cutting ( Ref 45 , 50 , 51 , 52 , 53 , 54 ), fragmentation ( Ref 55 ), elastic and elastic-plastic fracture ( Ref 56 , 57 , 58 ), extrusion ( Ref 59 , 60 ), fatigue ( Ref 61 , 62 ), delamination ( Ref 63 , 64 ), deformation localization...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... fracture ( Ref 62 – 64 ), extrusion ( Ref 65 , 66 ), fatigue ( Ref 67 , 68 ), delamination ( Ref 69 , 70 ), deformation localization ( Ref 52 , 60 , 71 , 72 ), and melting ( Ref 43 , 65 , 71 ). An even greater number of analytical models have been proposed ( Ref 73 , 74 ), but none have been...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006923
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
.... Plastics with narrow molecular weights are preferred for low warpage in thin-wall injection molding, film extrusion, and rotational molding. Plastics with moderately low molecular weights are suitable for high-speed processing, such as high draw-down-rate extrusion, high-speed calendering, and injection...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006932
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... temperatures. Although time-consuming techniques can be used to analyze thermal stresses, several useful qualitative tests are described in this article. Flow-induced orientation effects are also discussed. Orientation commonly occurs in processing using such techniques as extrusion, injection molding...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003565
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in the delamination of platelike debris. Fig. 14 Diagram of the stages of delamination caused by repeated impact on a ceramic surface. Stage 1 fracturing on the surface and crushing of debris; stage 2, extrusion of pulverized debris in interstices and compaction of a fine grained film; stage 3, nucleation...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003562
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...,” “cocoa,” or “red mud.” In components that are lubricated so that ordinary corrosion is not likely to occur, the presence of reddish brown debris is indicative of fretting. If a component is not lubricated, the presence of oxide powder may not necessarily signify fretting but, rather, wear. Fretting also...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006924
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... temperature, resulting in a viscous liquid that can be formed into useful shapes by means of heat and pressure. Examples of thermoplastic processing include injection molding, extrusion, blow molding, and thermoforming. Upon cooling, the polymer either crystallizes or vitrifies to a glassy polymer (i.e...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... surface. Stage 1, fracturing on the surface and crushing of debris; stage 2, extrusion of pulverized debris in interstices and compaction of a fine-grained film; stage 3, nucleation of cracks along the weak film/substrate interface; and stage 4, lateral propagation of interfacial cracks and delamination...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006761
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... direction. Almost all materials, save perhaps parts made by powder metallurgy processes, demonstrate anisotropic behavior. Anisotropic behavior means that the mechanical properties are different in different directions. For the common wrought products such as bar, extrusion, plate, sheet, and so...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006943
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9