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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003572
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article reviews the abrasive and adhesive wear failure of several types of reinforced polymers, including particulate-reinforced polymers, short-fiber reinforced polymers (SFRP), continuous unidirectional fiber reinforced polymers (FRP), particulate-filled composites, mixed...
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 2 Typical creep and creep rupture behavior of ductile polymers More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 6 A 1000 h creep modulus of several polymers as a function of temperature. PBT, polybutylene terephthalate; PC, polycarbonate; PPO, polyphenylene oxide; PVC, polyvinyl chloride; PP, polypropylene; HDPE, high-density polyethylene; T g , glass transition temperature More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 3 Specific wear rate for a number of polymers as reported in the literature. The experimental conditions as reported in the literature are given in the table. Specimen Material Counterface roughness ( R a ), μm Sliding speed ( v ), m/s 1/ S ε (a) Normal pressure ( p More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 4 Micrographs showing surfaces of worn polymers when they were slid against abrasive surfaces. PEEK (left) reprinted with permission from Ref 19 . UHMWPE (right) (reprinted with permission from Ref 20 ) surfaces show scars of abrasive and plowing actions of hard counterfaces. More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 12 Generic types of transfer wear behavior when semicrystalline polymers are slid on a hard smooth surface. In most of the cases there is a formation of transfer layer on the counterface though the shear, and adhesive properties of the transfer films will vary depending upon More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 18 Failure wear mechanisms in fiber-reinforced polymers sliding with fibers in different orientations. (a) N orientation; (b) parallel orientation; (c) antiparallel orientation. 1, wear failure of matrix by microplowing, microcracking, and microcutting; microplowing; 2, sliding and wear More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c9001664
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001901
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... calorimetry (DSC) are the two most widely used thermal analysis methods for polymers. In DSC, sample and reference pans are heated in a controlled environment at a programmable rate so that the pre-weighed sample and the reference materials are always maintained at equivalent temperatures. Because the amount...
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 3 Typical creep and creep rupture behavior of nonductile, or brittle, polymers More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 15 Typical load-displacement curve for a ductile polymer tested in uniaxial tension More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 4 Modulus versus temperature for a typical linear polymer. Source: Ref 19 More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 24 Oxide debris produced when fretting steel against a polymer More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 22 Failure wear mechanisms of unidirectional fiber reinforced polymer composites with different orientations of fibers with respect to sliding direction against a smooth metal surface. (a) Normal aramid fibers. (b) Parallel carbon fibers. (c) Wear reduction mechanism due to hybridization More
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 14 Photographs of typical sections of wire rope. The polymer sleeve was removed due to abrasion and wear, exposing the crown of the wires; plastic damage was observed along the crowns of the wires. More
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003550
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract The article commences with an overview of short-term and long-term mechanical properties of polymeric materials. It discusses plasticization, solvation, and swelling in rubber products. The article further describes environmental stress cracking and degradation of polymers...
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 13 (a) Indicative trends in influence of reinforcement and solid lubrication on friction and wear of high-temperature polymers. P = 1 MPa; V = 1 m/s. PEN, polyethernitrile; PEEK, polyetheretherketone; PEEKK, polyetheretherketoneketone; gr, graphite; TF, Teflon. 1, neat polymers; 2 More
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003571
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract Plastics or polymers are used in a variety of engineering and nonengineering applications where they are subjected to surface damage and wear. This article discusses the classification of polymer wear mechanisms based on the methodologies of defining the types of wear. The first...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003541
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article reviews the mechanical behavior and fracture characteristics that discriminate structural polymers from metals. It provides information on deformation, fracture, and crack propagation as well as the fractography involving the examination and interpretation of fracture...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001391
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Electronic devices Gold Lead-tin Polymer (Other, miscellaneous, or unspecified) failure Background Several surface-mount chip resistor assemblies failed during monthly thermal shock testing and in the field. Circumstances Leading to Failure The resistor, the only electrically active...