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polymeric composites

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006869
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... as hybrid fillers (T-ZnO+BN) on PTFE have been examined ( Ref 46 ). Due to synergistic effects, a PTFE/hybrid filler composite (T-ZnO/BN53:27) provided better adhesive wear behavior because thermal conductivity at the rubbing zone was improved. Introduction of nanoparticles into the polymeric matrix...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006933
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... or decomposition or increase because of gas absorption or chemical reaction. Thermogravimetric analysis can provide valuable information regarding the composition and thermal stability of polymeric materials. The obtained data can include the volatile content, inorganic filler content, glass-fiber level, carbon...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0090439
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... Abstract A section of clear polymeric tubing failed while in service. The failed sample had been used in a chemical transport application. The tubing had also been exposed to periods of elevated temperature as part of the operation. The tubing was specified to be a polyvinyl chloride (PVC...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006929
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Abstract This article provides an overview of the physics and math associated with moisture-related failures in plastic components. It develops key equations, showing how they are used to analyze the causes and effects of water uptake, diffusion, and moisture concentration in polymeric...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006914
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Abstract A material is flammable if it is subject to easy ignition and rapidly flaming combustion. The plastics that are most widely used are the least expensive and tend to be the most flammable. This article describes the two basic approaches to improving the fire resistance of a polymeric...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003525
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... The weight of the evaluated material can decrease due to volatilization or decomposition or increase because of gas absorption or chemical reaction. Thermogravimetric analysis can provide valuable information regarding the composition and thermal stability of polymeric materials. The obtained data can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006931
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... of polymerization, fusion, T g , T m Phase changes, reaction kinetics degree of cross linking, degradation inhibitor content and effectiveness Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) Composition, weight loss with time or temperature Thermal and oxidative stability, volatilization kinetics Dynamic mechanical...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001297
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Abstract A helicopter tail rotor blade spar failed in fatigue, allowing the blade to separate during flight. The 2014-T652 aluminum alloy blade had a hollow spar shank filled with lead wool ballast and a thermoset polymeric seal. A corrosion pit was present at the origin of the fatigue zone...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003572
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article reviews the abrasive and adhesive wear failure of several types of reinforced polymers, including particulate-reinforced polymers, short-fiber reinforced polymers (SFRP), continuous unidirectional fiber reinforced polymers (FRP), particulate-filled composites, mixed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006921
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... for Tension-Tension Fatigue of Polymer Matrix Composites,” ASTM D7791, “Standard Test Method for Uniaxial Fatigue Properties of Plastics” and ASTM E647, “Standard Test Method for Measurement of Fatigue Crack Growth Rates.” These test methods provide guidance in generating fatigue data on polymeric materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006924
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... thermosetting resins as well as the curing process. Then, the techniques to characterize the physical properties of cured thermosets and composites are presented. Several examples of stress-strain curves are shown for thermosets and thermoplastic polymers. differential scanning calorimetry dynamic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006939
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Abstract Polymer materials are key building blocks of the modern world, commonly used in packaging, automobiles, building materials, electronics, telecommunications, and many other industries. These commercial applications of polymeric materials would not be possible without the use...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006916
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... that the strength of a test specimen can be reduced by up to ninety percent ( Ref 13 ). Thermoset and Composite Manufacturing Related Failures Thermosetting resins are an important and unique type of engineering material. Thermoplastic polymers are long-chain molecules that have been polymerized to high...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006918
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... performance of polymers. crack-tip process fatigue crack growth fatigue fracture fatigue life analysis plastics toughening FATIGUE is of critical concern when designing polymeric components for structural applications. Like all engineering materials, fatigue failure often ensues in the polymer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006849
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Abstract This article addresses some established protocols for characterizing thermoplastics and whether they are homogeneous resins, alloyed, or blended compositions or highly modified thermoplastic composites. It begins with a discussion on characterizing mechanical, rheological, and thermal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006909
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... reducing its resistance to another, analogous to biological systems. For example, the predominant factors in climatic exposure are moisture, temperature, and ultraviolet (UV) radiation. The severity of these factors depends on geographical location and must be considered when designing with polymeric...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... The use of paints or dyes to mark components can also alter the corrosion resistance of a component and the chemical composition of a corrosion product. In short, any alteration of the system prior to the corrosion should be noted and documented. The chain of events leading to and occurring after...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006910
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Abstract There are many different types of polymeric materials, ranging from glassy to semicrystalline polymers and even blends. Their mechanical properties range from pure elastic with very high strains to fracture (elastomers) to almost pure linear elastic (Hookian behavior) with low strains...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006850
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... molecules that extended out of the samples showing fibers. In order to reduce the wear rate and utilize the excellent low friction property of PTFE, this polymer has often been used with fillers to form composites. PTFE itself has also been used as a filler for other polymeric systems such as PE. Figure 12...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...) Heat of polymerization, fusion, T g , T m Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) Composition, weight loss with time or temperature Dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) Elastic modulus, loss modulus, tan delta Thermomechanical analysis (TMA) Penetration temperature, expansion coefficient...