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polymer-matrix composites

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... magnification are then described. Typical microscopic features observed on structural metals are presented subsequently, followed by a brief discussion on fatigue in polymers and polymer-matrix composites. engineering components fatigue fracture fractography metals polymer-matrix composites polymers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006869
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... and the thermal failure of the polymeric matrix ( Ref 21 ). In general, when SFRPs undergo the wear process, the higher portion of the load is sustained by the fibers. Therefore, the polymeric matrix in the interfacial region around the fibers experiences higher stress and higher temperature, as shown by Fig. 6...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003572
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., aspect ratio, distribution, orientation, combination with fillers, and the quality of bonding with the matrix), and operating conditions. Fibers are far more wear resistant than the matrix and hence control the wear of composite. Continuous fiber-reinforced composites with a thermoset-polymer matrix...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006936
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... , The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology , 2022 (early access), p 1 – 27 28. Abetew A. , Truong T. , Hong S. , Lee J. , and Ihn J. , Parametric optimization of pulse-echo laser ultrasonic system for inspection of thick polymer matrix composites , Structural...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006929
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
.... , Swelling and Glass Transition Relations for Epoxy Matrix Material in Humid Environments , Journal of Applied Polymer Science , Vol 22 (No. 6 ), 1978 , p 1643 – 1654 10.1002/app.1978.070220615 29. McKague E. , Halkias J. , and Reynolds J. , Moisture in Composites: The Effect...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006932
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
.... and Zoller P. , Matrix Solidification and the Resulting Residual Thermal Stresses in Composites , J. Mater. Sci. , Vol 20 , 1985 , p 355 10.1007/BF00555929 11. Nielsen L.E. , Mechanical Properties of Polymers and Composites , Vol 2 , Marcel Dekker , 1974 , p 434 12...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006850
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
.... , The Wear of Polymers , Treatise on Materials Science & Technology , Vol 13 , 1979 , p 85 – 139 10.1016/S0161-9160(13)70066-8 10. Davim J.P. and Marques N. , Evaluation of Tribological Behaviour of Polymeric Materials for Hip Protheses Applications , Tribol. Lett. , Vol 11...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006909
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
.... , Broughton W.R. , Dean G.D. , and Sims G.D. , “ Review of Accelerated Aging Methods and Lifetime Prediction Techniques for Polymeric Materials ,” NPL Report DEPC MPR 016, National Physical Laboratory , U.K. , 2005 7. Sims G. and Gnaniah S. , “ Polymer Composites—Rate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006920
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... European Weathering Symposium (EWS) , Sept 2007 ( Krakow, Poland ) 4. Dietz A.G.H. , Schwartz H.S. , and Rosato D.V. , Reinforced Plastic Composites , Environmental Effects on Polymeric Materials , Rosato D. and Schwartz R.T. , Ed., Interscience , 1968 5...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003571
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of a few formulations of thermoset composites. The relevant micrograph is given in Fig. 9 . It is seen from these results that the wear resistance of phenolic resin increases by almost two orders of magnitude when fillers such as carbon and aramid fibers are added to the phenolic resin matrix...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006939
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
.... , Ed., Butterworth-Heinemann , 2017 , p 127 – 168 10.1016/B978-0-323-35824-8.00007-4 4. Hussain F. , Hojjati M. , Okamoto M. , and Gorga R.E. , Review Article: Polymer-Matrix Nanocomposites, Processing, Manufacturing, and Application: An Overview , J. Compos. Mater...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006940
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... in dealing with polymers or composites ( Ref 61 ). There are several fracture modes in polymer composites, namely, delamination or interlaminar fracture, matrix cracking or intralaminar fracture, matrix-fiber debonding, fiber breaking, and fiber pull-out ( Ref 61 , 67 ). Typically, failure processes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006923
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... °C/min (9 °F/min) in flexure. PVC, polyvinyl chloride; LDPE, low-density polyethylene; HDPE, high-density polyethylene; PC, polycarbonate Fig. 18 Tensile stress-strain curves for several types of polymeric materials. Source: Ref 81 Fig. 19 Properties of commercial polymers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006943
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
.... and Hiley M.J. , “Fractography of Polymer Composites: Current Status and Future Issues,” http://www.escm.eu.org/docs/eccm13/Greenhalgh_ECCM13_Plenary.pdf X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) 63. “ XPS Analysis of Disposable Gloves ,” Application Note BN 1423, Evans Analytical Group , 2006...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006931
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Crystalline domains with rigid chains between them and cross-linking chains High-strength and temperature-resistant materials E Rigid-chain domains in a flexible-chain matrix Styrene-butadiene-styrene, triblock polymer Thermoplastic elastomer Note: See Fig. 2 . PE, polyethylene; PP, polypropylene...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006849
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Universal Extensional Rheometer for Polymer Melts , Proc. Society of Rheology , Oct 1978 , Google Scholar 21. “ Recommended Practices for Testing Polymeric Powders and Powder Coatings ,” D 3451-92, Vol 6.02 , Annual Book of ASTM Standards , ASTM International 22. “ Standard Practice...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.9781627083959
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006864
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... in the webline handling system Determine the critical draw ratio for the polymer: ○ Weakly non-Newtonian polymers: 20:1 ○ Strongly non-Newtonian polymers: 3:1 Reduce draw ratio Cool product faster so that it solidifies earlier Screw beat Improperly designed feed throat/screw Axial...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... elements, were made from GCr15 bearing steel. The bearing also included a machined brass (MA/C3) cage and was packed with molybdenum disulfide (MoS 2 ) lithium grease. Metallurgical structures and chemical compositions of the bearing’s matrix materials were inspected using a microscope and photoelectric...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006921
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
...) are used for this purpose. There are several ASTM test methods for plastics and composite materials including ASTM D3479, “Standard Test Method for Tension-Tension Fatigue of Polymer Matrix Composites,” ASTM D7791, “Standard Test Method for Uniaxial Fatigue Properties of Plastics” and ASTM E647...