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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0090451
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
..., and the testing itself exposed the parts to temperatures above the recognized limits for PET. Brittle fracture Chemical analysis Drying Feedstock Injection moldings Molding resins Plastic jackets Thermal shock Polyethylene terephthalate Brittle fracture (Other, general, or unspecified) processing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0090454
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
...Abstract Abstract A chemical storage vessel failed while in service. The failure occurred as cracking through the vessel wall, resulting in leakage of the fluid. The tank had been molded from a high-density polyethylene (HDPE) resin. The material held within the vessel was an aromatic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c0090448
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... Polycarbonate/polyethylene terephthalate blend Environmental cracking (plastics) Brittle fracture Housings from an electrical appliance failed during an engineering evaluation. The housings had been injection molded from a commercial polycarbonate/PET (PC/PET) blend. The parts were being tested as part...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001275
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Abstract Abstract A high-density polyethylene (HDPE) natural gas distribution pipe (Grade PE 3306) failed by slow, stable crack growth while in residential service. The leak occurred at a location where a squeeze clamp had been used to close the pipe during maintenance. Failure analysis showed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Abstract Abstract Total knee prostheses were retrieved from patients after radiographs revealed fracture of the Ti-6A1-4 VELI metal backing of the polyethylene tibial component. The components were analyzed using scanning electron microscopy. Porous coated and uncoated tibial trays were found...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003550
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... It illustrates how surface degradation of a plain strain tension specimen alters the ductile brittle transition in polyethylene creep rupture. The article concludes with information on the effects of temperature on polymer performance. creep rupture ductile brittle transition environmental stress...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001823
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Abstract Abstract A section of pipe in a hydrocarbon pipeline was found to be leaking. The pipeline was installed several decades earlier and was protected by an external coating of extruded polyethylene and a cathodic protection system. The failed pipe section was made from API 5L X46 line...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001348
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... in a sensitized HAZ due to chloride from the environment. Use of low-carbon type AISI 304L was recommended. Minimization of fit-up stresses and covering with polyethylene sheets during storage were also suggested. Heat-affected zone Marine environments Nuclear reactor components Sensitizing Storage...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001126
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... metal oxide and covered on the back surfaces with an adherent black polyethylene plastic. Macro fractography, SEM fractography, EDX analysis, and photo elasticimetry were conducted on four of the shattered panels. Small nickel sulfide inclusions were found at the failure origins. Failure of the panels...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0092101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...Abstract Abstract An antifriction bearing made from a nylon/ polyethylene blend failed. The bearing came into contact with a steel shaft. Investigation (visual inspection and 417X images) supported the conclusion that movement of the shaft against the bearing caused abrasion due to fine iron...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001390
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Abstract Abstract Cracking occurred in type 304L stainless steel sheaths on nichrome wire heaters that had been in storage for about 5 years in a coastal atmosphere. The cracks were discovered when the heater coils were removed from storage in their original polyethylene packing materials...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c0090908
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... Subsurface defects Surface defects Polyethylene (Other, general, or unspecified) fracture Figure 1 shows an optical micrograph of the fracture surface of an irrigation pipe made of medium-density PE that failed in service ( Ref 1 ). This pipe was subjected to severe cyclic-bending strain...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627081801
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003571
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of Glass Fabric Reinforced Polyamide Composites Filled with CuO and PTFE , Wear , Vol 200 , 1996 , p 95 – 104 14. da Silva C.H. , Tanaka D.K. , and Sinatora A. , The Effect of Load and Relative Humidity on Friction Coefficient between High Density Polyethylene on Galvanized...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003541
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Fig. 3 Typical creep and creep rupture behavior of nonductile, or brittle, polymers Fig. 4 Crazing fibrils in linear polyethylene (density, 0.964 g/cm 3 ) Fig. 5 Isometric tensile creep curves for unplasticized polyvinyl chloride at 20 °C (68 °F), 50% relative humidity...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001127
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
.... Zinc white paste usually has a 90% powdered oxide base with a 10% oil vehicle. Such a paste was apparently used to lubricate the iron ball-float rod so that it would screw into the ball more easily. Hydrocarbon oils are not recommended for use with plastics such as polyesters or polyethylenes...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003534
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... 40.2 0.1 0.9 12.5 0.2 Fig. 10 X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy high-resolution carbon spectrum of stainless steel surface Fig. 5 X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy high-resolution spectrum of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) Fig. 11 X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy high...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... This provides information on the long-range molecular makeup of the sample as well as a unique fingerprint for this material. Fig. 8 Time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry total positive ion mass spectrum of polyethylene terephthalate Even with the very high mass resolution and accuracy...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001516
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... on a substrate by an organic resinous binder and dispersed uniformly in the mix by additions of organic dispersants. Aluminum or chromium oxide particles are added to keep the head clean. The substrate can be an aluminum alloy or a polymeric material usually polyethylene terepthalate. The disk drives...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... (schematic). (a) Classic Moore hip endoprosthesis. (b) Müller total hip prosthesis (metal against polyethylene acetabular cap). (c) Weber total hip prosthesis with movable head and metal, ceramic, and polyethylene components. (d) Müller total hip prosthesis with straight stem. (e) Hinge-like knee joint...