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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract An 1100 aluminum alloy connector of a high-tension aluminum conductor steel-reinforced (ACSR) transmission cable failed after more than 20 years in service, in a region of consider able industrial pollution. The steel core was spliced with a galvanized 1020 carbon steel sheath...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001673
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... but stagnant condition existed at the inner elbow because of flow conditions dictated by the fluid dynamics. In conclusion, failure of the heat exchanger tube was by accelerated corrosion due to the presence of sulfides in the seawater. The selection of an alloy more resistant to sulfide polluted seawater...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0006898
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... cations in the pollutants). In addition, stressed fuses made of nickel silver and of cupro-nickel (80Cu-20Ni) were exposed to 1 drop of corrosive solution at the stressed area. All specimens were exposed for 42 days in a container in which the relative humidity was maintained at 76%. Fig. 1 Nickel...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0091806
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... wall. These differences were attributed to differences in the pitting mechanism for the two alloys. Alloy Cu-10%Ni (UNS C70600) is used extensively for condenser tubing in seawater applications, because it offers good corrosion resistance at reasonable cost. In polluted, brackish waters, however...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006834
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... if extremely clean and no other influences Pollution? Temperature? Environment? 0.4 ≥ κ > 1 Mixed lubrication Pollution? Temperature? Environment? Additives? Aging of the medium and chemical life of the lubricant? <0.1 Boundary lubrication Severe wear Nonexhaustive list of typical...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... of friction, as well as the possibility of inaccurate torque values. Components for use in this application must be able to withstand the severe environment to which they are subjected. This environment includes corrosive conditions from road salt and acid-forming air pollutants. In the last several years...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001760
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
..., because the correct performance of the cylinder head influences the performance parameters of engines such as power, torque, and fuel consumption and has a direct effect on environmental pollution, the design of this component according to fatigue loadings and lifetime has a high importance. Some actions...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... of superalloys by sulfates, but in the present case, chromium might contaminate the product and would pose concerns about environmental pollution. The most common approach to solving hot corrosion is to identify a better alloy through the appropriate corrosion testing of a wide variety of candidate materials...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... pollutants entering with the inlet air depend on the turbine location, but include sodium, sulfur, chlorine, and calcium. These impurities in the fuel and the air can lead to deposition of alkali metal sulfates on the blade or vane surfaces, resulting in hot corrosion attack [ 2 ]. The areas of the gas...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... reaching this portion of the river. The water passing under the bridge is now fresh although anyone entertaining thoughts of swimming in it might take exception to this description. A considerable pollution problem has existed in the past but is now pretty well corrected. In any case, the bridge in its...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the formation of traps and crevices. (j) Square sections formed from two L-shaped members require continuous welding to seal out the external environment. Source: Ref 5 Conditions that cause serious corrosion problems include airborne contamination, dust, pollution, acid rain, and proximity...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006806
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
...) bearings and sliding bearings. This article discusses failures of sliding bearings. A bearing failure lowers efficiency, increases energy loss, degrades performance, and increases environmental pollution. Failure costs are generally high, because it includes machine downtime costs, bearing cost...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... problems include airborne contamination, dust, pollutions, acid rain, and proximity to a seacoast. Designing to avoid retention of such contaminants is critical. Thus, design specifications for construction projects must include normal and extremes of environmental conditions. Design change can also...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003523
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... around the site for later analysis. Natural chemicals present in soil, cleaning and maintenance supplies, deicing salts, industrial pollutants, agricultural chemicals, and animal waste residues have all been found to contribute to environmental failures. A supply of clear plastic bottles, plastic bags...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006772
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... salts, industrial pollutants, agricultural chemicals, and animal waste residues have all been found to contribute to environmental failures. A supply of clear plastic and glass sample containers, plastic bags, aluminum/tin foil, plastic and metallic tweezers, acetate replication tape, adhesive tape...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1