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plate steels

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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 6 Engineering stress-strain curve for HSLA 60 (API 2Y grade 60T) plate steel. σ y , yield strength; σ u , tensile strength More
Image
Published: 01 December 2019
Fig. 20 Macroscopic view of one of the intact cadmium-plated steel screws showing cadmium globules on the surface More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0046512
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... years before installation. At each joint, there was an aluminum alloy spacer ( Fig. 1a ) and a vellum gasket ( Fig. 1b ). The mounting flanges of the steel actuators ( Fig. 1c ) had been nickel plated. During assembly of the actuators. a lubricant containing molybdenum disulfide had been applied...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Abstract Several cases of embrittlement failure are analyzed, including liquid-metal embrittlement (LME) of an aluminum alloy pipe in a natural gas plant, solid metal-induced embrittlement (SMIE) of a brass valve in an aircraft engine oil cooler, LME of a cadmium-plated steel screw from...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0048630
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... was specified for a sample quantity of bolts from each lot. Electroplating Hydrogen embrittlement Cadmium-plated steel Surface treatment related failures Hydrogen damage and embrittlement Two clevis-head self-retaining bolts used in the throttle-control linkage of a naval aircraft failed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c0048413
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
... Abstract A type 316L stainless steel angled plate failed. The fatigue fracture was found to have occurred at a plate hole. Symmetric cyclic bending forces were revealed by the fatigue damage at the fracture edge at the top surface of the plate. Fatigue striations and slip bands produced...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c9001579
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
... Abstract Stainless steel is frequently used for bone fracture fixation in spite of its sensitivity to pitting and cracking in chloride containing environments (such as organic fluids) and its susceptibility to fatigue and corrosion fatigue. A 316L stainless steel plate implant used for fixation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... temperatures, as indicated by melting in the brass components and the extreme distortion in the rollers. Microscopic examination on the crankshaft material showed it to be a good quality steel. On the other hand, the chromium plate was thick, porous, and cracked in many places, including the point of the main...
Image
Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 7 Level 2b and 2c failure assessment diagram for HSLA 60 (API 2Y grade 60T) plate steel More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... Abstract A few Cr-Mo steel piston rods from different production batches were found identically cracked in the eye end near the radius after chrome plating and baking treatment. Two of them cracked in the plating stage itself instantly broke on slight tapping. Cracking initiated from the outer...
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Components for the mounting surface of a hydraulic actuator that failed in service because of galvanic attack on the aluminum alloy spacer. The galvanic attack occurred on the aluminum alloy spacer (a) when a vellum gasket (b) that separated the spacer from a nickel-plated steel housing More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c9001694
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
.... Austenite Bicycles Chromium plating Grain boundaries Metallography Chromium-plated steel Hydrogen damage and embrittlement Surface treatment related failures A number of vehicle accidents and failures have been evaluated over the years. These range from aircraft accidents, to railroad locomotive...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001512
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... Storage tanks Weld defects Carbon steel plate Brittle fracture In the mid 70's a new British standard (BS 4741) was approved. BS 4741 was a specification for the design of single wall LPG storage tanks. It was based on the results of a series of low temperature tensile tests of welded plates...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c9001229
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... or during operation. Chromium plating Saw blades Chromium-plated steel Surface treatment related failures Fatigue fracture Hydrogen damage and embrittlement Two slitting saw blades were delivered for the purpose of determining the cause of damage. One had cracked while the other one came...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Abstract A number of rotating blades in a diffuser at a sugar beet processing plant fabricated from rectangular bars cut from rolled carbon-manganese steel plate fractured brittlely. However, apparently identical blades underwent significant plastic deformation without fracture. Inspection...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c0048420
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
... Abstract Fretting and fretting corrosion at the contact area between the screw hole of a type 316LR stainless steel bone plate and the corresponding screw head was studied. The attack on the 316LR stainless steel was only shallow. Mechanical grinding and polishing structures were exhibited...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c0048397
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
... Abstract A large portion of the four-hole Lane plate disintegrated and consisted mainly of corrosion products after remaining in the body for 26 years. Transformation structures and carbides were exhibited by the plate which was made from chromium steel. Minimal corrosion was exhibited...
Image
Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 1 Cadmium-plated AISI 8740 steel nut that failed by hydrogen embrittlement. Failure occurred seven days after installation on an aircraft wing structure. See also Fig. 2. 5×. Courtesy of Lockheed-Georgia Company More
Image
Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 7 Hydrogen-induced blistering in a 9.5 mm (3/8 in.) thick carbon steel plate (ASTM A 285, grade C) that had been in service one year in a refinery vessel. 1.5× More
Image
Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 3 Service failure of a low-alloy steel nut by LMIE. Cadmium-plated, 4140 low-alloy steel (44 HRC) nuts were inadvertently used on bolts for clamps used to join ducts that carried hot (500 °C, or 930 °F) air from the compressor of a military jet engine. (a) The nuts were fragmented More