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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 22 Deformation and fracture surface for (a) plane strain and (b) plane stress. In plane strain, the lateral constraint of a thick section develops a stress along the crack plane (σ z , Eq 41a ). More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 4 Basal plane cracking in zinc at a subgrain (tilt) boundary. The basal plane is both a slip plane and a cleavage plane in this material. Source: Ref 19 , as cited in Ref 4 More
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 6 Precipitates on lattice planes and twin planes of former austenite. Etch: Picral. approx. 420 × More
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 15 Cyclic stresses on the plane of the detail and on a plane slightly inclined to the shell. More
Image
Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 22 Deformation and fracture surface for (a) plane strain and (b) plane stress. In plane strain, the lateral constraint of a thick section develops a stress along the crack plane (σ z , Eq 41a ). More
Image
Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 4 Basal plane cracking in zinc at a subgrain (tilt) boundary. The basal plane is both a slip plane and a cleavage plane in this material. Source: Ref 19 , as cited in Ref 4 More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001252
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... with 42 kg of 75% ferrosilicon and 12 kg aluminum additions, alloyed with 160 kg of 80% ferromanganese, and finally deoxidized in the ladle with 42 kg calcium silicon. For metallographic examination a plate approximately 100 mm thick was cut parallel to one of the eight planes. Platelet-like particles...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001419
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
.... Additional cracking had developed along one of the corner welds of the upright. Sections taken through the upright in various planes revealed a laminar defect. The through-thickness crack coincided with one end of the defect. The fracture was therefore due to separation having occurred partially in the plane...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c9001659
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
... and residual stress measurements are presented. These results suggest that the shell fractures form on the plane of maximum residual tensile stresses. The formation of the shells is aided by the presence of defects in the material in these planes of maximum residual stress. The detail fracture forms...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001426
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... of the sample obtained, the failure in service had resulted from fracture of one of the links in the plane of the weld. Six of the other links in the vicinity showed cracks in the welds in various stages of development. Microscope examination showed a crack in an early stage of development and also from...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001478
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... Abstract The broken end of a shaft from a centrifugal pump had a smooth fracture surface characteristic of failure from fatigue. Failure occurred in the plane of the keyway end and followed a slightly helical path, indicating that combined bending and torsional stresses were responsible...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0047169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... Abstract The flange on an outboard main-wheel half (aluminum alloy 2014-T6 forging) on a commercial aircraft fractured during takeoff. The failure was discovered later during a routine enroute check. The flange section that broke away was recovered at the airfield from which the plane took off...
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 18 Fracture planes that are 45° to the direction of loading. (a) Single-shear plane. (b) Double-shear plane More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 6 Ships's service turbine generator casing showing critical planes A, B, and C on which stresses were determined by finite-element analysis during transient and steady-state conditions. Dimensions given in inches. Source: Ref 13 More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 8 Results of the elastic finite-element analysis for direction 3L along plane A. X is the distance from the bore hole, and r is the radius of the bore hole used to normalize the distance. Source: Ref 13 More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 1 A schematic fracture surface, a sectioning plane, and the fracture profile generated by intersection of the sectioning plane with the fracture surface. Source: Ref 4 More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 4 Vertical section planes. L , cylinder diameter. (a) A schematic fracture surface of area S enclosed in the cylindrical reference volume. (b) Fracture surface in (a) sectioned by vertical sectioning planes. The vertical planes are the sectioning planes that contain (or are parallel More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 5 Schematic illustrating why vertical planes of different orientations may yield fracture profiles having different R L values. More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 15 Ductile tearing on a plane of maximum normal stress at the tip of a compact tension specimen. Material is O1 tool steel. Source: Ref 35 More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 15 Schematic of (a) ductile tearing along plane normal to normal stress and (b) zig-zag path of void sheet fracture along shear planes More