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pig iron

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001591
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... be produced if a low sulfur pig iron was used, such as that smelted from low sulfur iron ore obtained from Sweden. This was a common source of iron ore used in Britain in the late 19th and early 20th century. 8 , 9 However, Swedish iron ore contained about 15% titanium dioxide, which requires more fuel...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the degradation of various protective systems, such as corrosion inhibitors and lubricants. The article describes the failure analysis of steel, iron, copper, aluminum, and their alloys. It also discusses the probes available to monitor conditions relevant to MIC in industrial systems and the sampling...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., identifying and applying preventive and mitigative measures, and monitoring the effectiveness of mitigation” ( Ref 3 ). The Scope of Microbial Activity Microorganisms can directly or indirectly affect the integrity of many materials. Most metals, including iron, copper, nickel, aluminum...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001723
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... of this type differ from other mild steels. Manufacture of Rimming Steel The designation “rimming steel” refers to the method of manufacture of the material. The refining process by which steel is produced from pig iron, of which there are several, is basically one of oxidation of the carbon...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... damage are noted. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) showed that the fracture surface was largely covered with iron oxide and had very little actual fractured metal. The small areas of shiny metal exhibited gouging and were associated with handling damage...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... alloys, iron-chromium alloys, and brasses, either type of cracking can occur, depending on the metal-environment combination. Features of stress-corrosion cracked surfaces revealed by macroscopic and microscopic examination are discussed in the sections “Macroscopic Examination” and “Microscopic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2