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physical vapor deposition

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... coatings such as those deposited by physical vapor deposition, chemical vapor deposition, and thermal spraying (TS). It provides a background to RCF in bearing steels in order to develop an understanding of failure modes in overlay coatings. The article describes the underpinning failure mechanisms of TiN...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001054
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... (such as stainless steel or beryllium) involves cleaning the surfaces to be joined by ion etching, plating a thin layer (usually 0.025 to 0.076 mm, or 0.001 to 0.003 in.) of silver onto each surface by physical vapor deposition, assembling the parts inside a stainless steel can, evacuating and sealing the can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... 145. Polonsky I.A. , Chang T.P. , Keer L.M. , and Sproul W.D. , A Study of Rolling-Contact Fatigue of Bearing Steel Coated with Physical Vapor Deposition TiN Films: Coating Response to Cyclic Contact Stress and Physical Mechanisms Underlying Coating Effect on the Fatigue Life...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627081801
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001516
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... is then sputtered by physical vapor deposition process or electrolytically or electroless deposited. In order to protect this magnetic film, which stores the data, a thin carbon film is sputtered. The carbon film acts both as a protective film and lubricant. The carbon overcoat, in its turn, protected...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...-temperature component. Aluminide coatings on transition metals and alloys, such as iron, nickel, and cobalt, are β-FeAl, β-NiAl, and β-CoAl, respectively. Diffusion aluminide coatings are typically processed via pack cementation, slurry-diffusion, or chemical vapor deposition ( Ref 58 ). Other processes...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Conclusion Recommendations Example 2: Analysis of a Corrosion Failure of an Aboveground Storage Tank Electroplated Coatings Hot-Dip Coatings Vapor-Deposited Coatings Thermal Spray Coatings Conversion Coatings Phosphate Conversion Coatings Chromate Conversion Coatings Aluminum...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of thermal/environmental barrier coating (T/EBC) architecture showing primary environmental protective subsystems and the microstructure of coatings deposited by electron-beam physical vapor deposition. CMAS, calcium-magnesium-alumino-silicate. Reprinted with permission from Wiley Fig. 33 Effect...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... Vapor-deposited coatings have been used to modify the surface properties of materials. These coatings are most often used to improve the wear properties of a material, but they have also been used as corrosion-resistant coatings. Two major categories of these coatings are physical vapor deposition (PVD...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... physical, chemical, and physical–chemical methods or by inner anticorrosive treatment, such as inhibitors [ 3 ]. Some aims of these treatments are described as follows: Reduction of water hardness to avoid the formation of incrustations or deposits on the heating surfaces, which owing to its low...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001281
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... was the result of hot corrosion caused by a combination of contaminants, cooling-hole blockage, and coating loss. Hot gas corrosion X-40 UNS R30031 High-temperature corrosion and oxidation Background Visual Examination of General Physical Features Testing Procedure and Results Discussion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and surface modification is effective and economical. Various coating techniques can be used, including thermal spray, hardfacing, laser surface modification, physical vapor deposition, and chemical vapor deposition ( Ref 63 , 68 ). Ceramic-metal composite coatings (e.g., WC-CrNi, WC-Co, and WC-FeCrAl...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... in the corrosion process. The basic cause of degradation was found to be hot corrosion caused by the deposition of alkali sulfates and chlorides. However this degradation may have been aggravated by thermal cycling and abrasion. The source of the salt was impurities in the flux. Two potential solutions were...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of nonoxide structural ceramics can be improved by using protective coatings. The use of a chemically vapor deposited (CVD) layer of the same composition as the substrate is a very promising application of coatings to regard the hot corrosion of structural ceramics ( Ref 16 ). Other methods investigated...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... fasteners and appropriately-applied and treated compatible coatings. Brittle fracture Castings Diffusers Galvanic corrosion Transition joints 356.0 UNS A03560 Hydrogen damage and embrittlement Galvanic corrosion Background Visual Examination of General Physical Features Testing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... and analyzed by atomic absorption. The composition of the white deposit was as follows: 26.4% Al, 1.84% Hg, and 226 ppm Zn. This white residue was identified as aluminum oxide, which resulted from the reaction of an aluminum mercury solid solution with atmospheric oxygen and/or water vapor. Small droplets...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003562
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... reviews the general characteristics of fretting wear in mechanical components with an emphasis on steel. It focuses on the effects of physical variables and the environment on fretting wear. The variables include the amplitude of slip, normal load, frequency of vibration, type of contact and vibration...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
.... Deposits containing these chemicals can therefore occur in the HP or IP turbine and should be a point of investigation. In deciding whether excessive levels of a deposit are present, care must be taken in using physical and chemical equilibrium theory as a basis for the estimate. The steam velocities...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... is subject to variation depending on the nature of the failure and the availability of physical evidence or background information, there are stages that are common to all successful failure analyses. The combination of these stages comprises the total investigation and analysis. The following list includes...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... depends on the physical configuration, the relative area, distance, and shape, of the components. Geometric Factors Effect of Surface Area The relative size of the anodic and cathodic surfaces is important. The intensity of galvanic attack is related to the relative size of the metals...