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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006935
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... process if enough release agent is used. Sheet molding compound (SMC) has a process pressure requirement that ranges from 6 to 20 MPa (0.85 to 3 ksi) to form components with adequate surface and physical properties. Maximum size is limited by machine availability to approximately 2 m 2 (20 ft 2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006932
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
.... , Properties of Polymers , Elsevier , 1976 , p 67 , 395 6. Modern Plastics Encyclopedia , Vol 59 ( No. 10A ), Plastics Catalogue Corporation , Oct 1982 , p 466 7. Handbook of Chemistry and Physics , 4th ed. , Chemical Rubber Publishing Company , 1958 , p 2239 8. Kubát J...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006912
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
..., environmental conditions of use, and performance requirements. It discusses physical properties of plastics based on their relevance to real-world environmental conditions. The most-common design problems related to design considerations are also covered. Brief Historical Overview Product Specifications...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006939
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... in packaging, automobiles, building materials, electronics, telecommunications, and many other industries. These commercial applications of polymeric materials would not be possible without the use of additives. This article is divided into five sections: mechanical property modifiers, physical property...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006924
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
..., thermomechanical analysis, thermogravimetric analysis, and dynamic mechanical analysis. The article also discusses the characterization of uncured thermosetting resins as well as the curing process. Then, the techniques to characterize the physical properties of cured thermosets and composites are presented...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006867
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... of surface embrittlement and temperature on polymer performance. References References 1. Allcock H.R. , Lampe F.W. , and Mark J.E. , Contemporary Polymer Chemistry , 3rd ed. , Oxford University Press , 2008 , p 398 – 402 2. Mark J.E. , Ed., Physical Properties...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001845
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Typical physical properties and working conditions of the failed steady clamps Table 1 Typical physical properties and working conditions of the failed steady clamps Typical physical properties Working conditions Item Value Item Value Density 8.80 g/cm 3 Working load 3.0...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006870
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... properties compared with virgin rubber) along with higher nonreinforcing filler loadings (leading to inferior physical properties), which could also be considered material defects when viewed in a narrow context. Likewise, the delamination observed could be considered a manufacturing defect. However, when...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...-processing industries with design requirements involving corrosion resistance and elevated-temperature service. Many other engineering disciplines also have unique and special requirements for design and materials selection. In electrical engineering design, for example, the physical property...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006929
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... 15.7 11.5 12.0 (a) NARMCO 5208. Source: Ref 29 . (b) TGMDA/32 phr DDS/BF 3 · H 2 NCH 3 . Source: Ref 27 . (c) TGMDA/50 phr DDS. Source: Ref 26 . (d) Immersion in water at 71 °C (160 °F). (e) Immersion in water at 60 °C (140 °F) Effect of absorbed moisture on the physical properties...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006800
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
...-processing industries, with design requirements involving corrosion resistance and elevated-temperature service. Many other engineering disciplines also have unique and special requirements for design and materials selection. In electrical engineering design, for example, the physical property...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006916
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... and fiber clustering at the weld line; (b) Part failure from fiber clustering resulting in weak weld line Fig. 6 Declining physical properties in a part resulting from the successive generation of regrind usage. Source: Ref 7 Fig. 3 The effect of moisture on the tensile, elongation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006937
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
...Physical properties of principal optical plastics Table 1 Physical properties of principal optical plastics Properties Methyl methacrylate Polystyrene Polycarbonate Methyl methacrylate styrene copolymer ASTM method Refractive index D 542   n D 1.491 (7...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006909
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... dimensional changes (swelling of the material), surface degradation (color and gloss changes, crazing, blistering, etc.), and plasticization (softening) of the polymer, depressing T g and reducing mechanical and physical properties (i.e., stiffness, strength, and hardness). Water permeates all polymeric...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006926
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
.... A combination of chemical and physical factors, along with stress, usually leads to a serious deterioration in properties, even if stress or the chemical environment alone may not appreciably weaken a material. This phenomenon is referred to as environmental stress cracking (ESC). The ESC failure mechanism...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006828
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Abstract The various methods of furnace, torch, induction, resistance, dip, and laser brazing are used to produce a wide range of highly reliable brazed assemblies. However, imperfections that can lead to braze failure may result if proper attention is not paid to the physical properties...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003550
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... , Polymer Handbook , 4th ed. , Brandup J. , Immergut E.H. , and Grulke E.A. , Ed., John Wiley & Sons , New York , 1999 3. Physical Properties of Polymers Handbook , Mark J.E. , Ed., AIP Press , Woodbury, NY , 1996 4. Miller E. , Properties Modification...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006931
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
.... The article also discusses the use of X-ray diffraction for analyzing crystal phases and structures in solid materials. References References 1. Mark J.E. , Eisenberg A. , Graessley W. , Mandelkern L. , and Koenig J. , “ Physical Properties of Polymers ,” paper presented...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006938
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... viscoelastic regimes, or permanent changes due to changes in the underlying chemical structure. Designs that do not account for use temperatures that make melting, softening, or the glass transition relevant are rarely successful because of potentially dramatic changes in physical properties and susceptibility...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006925
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
.... (b) ASTM D790 test method. (c) ASTM D256 test method with 6.35 mm (¼ in.) bar. (d) ASTM D695 test method. RT, room temperature Physical properties of polypropylene Table 11 Physical properties of polypropylene Property Homopolymer Copolymer ASTM International test method...