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physical metallurgy

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract A brass (CDA alloy 230) pipe nipple that was part of a domestic cold water bath system failed two weeks after installation. Macrofractography, SEM examination, metallography, and chemical analyses were performed on specimens cut through the main fracture surface. The physical and...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001092
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... intersected undamaged, burnished, and surface-spalled zones revealed no anomalies in the chemistry, microstructure, or hardness that could have caused the damage. The physical evidence suggested that the operable mechanism was contact fatigue caused by misalignment of the shaft in the assembly. Contact...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... surfaces. These techniques provide data about the physical topography, physical properties, chemical composition, and chemical structure of the surfaces under study. Most of these techniques are based on bombarding the surface with species such as photons, x-rays, ions, neutrons, or electrons and analyzing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001535
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... Steel Processing Conference Proceedings , Vol XXVII , The Iron and Steel Society , 1990 , p 329 – 334 7. Gulayev A. , High-Speed Steels , Physical Metallurgy , Vol 2 , Mir Publishers , 1980 , p 87 – 101 8. Geller Y. , Carbide Inhomogeneity , Tool Steels , Mir...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... improper installation of the clips. Severe overtightening of one of the clips caused extraordinary compressive forces and kinking of individual wires, thus inducing them to fail in shear. Shear failure required substantially lower service loads. In addition, overtightening of the clip caused physical...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... corrosion, selective leaching, erosion-corrosion, and stress-corrosion cracking (SCC), act on a small portion of a component. The rate of localized corrosion is often orders of magnitude greater than that of uniform corrosion. Evidence of localized corrosion, by virtue of its physical size and location, is...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003500
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article briefly introduces the concepts of failure analysis and root cause analysis (RCA), and the role of failure analysis as a general engineering tool for enhancing product quality and failure prevention. It reviews four fundamental categories of physical root causes, namely...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... levels, followed by a discussion on the role of failure analysis and the appreciation of quality assurance and user expectations. Systematic analysis of equipment failures reveals physical root causes that fall into one of four fundamental categories: design, manufacturing/installation, service, and...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001633
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... on the crane. Corrosion EDS SEM 65-45-12 Fatigue fracture References 1. Callister W.D. Jr. : Materials Science and Engineering: An Introduction , 5th ed. , John Wiley & Sons , 2000 , pp. 365 – 67 . 2. Reed-Hill R.E. : Physical Metallurgy...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001642
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... basic physical metallurgy would realize that it is a bad idea to leave steel parts in the heat treating furnace for a week and a half. Although there were plenty of intelligent people at this plant, not one of them realized that a 36-hour shutdown differed significantly from a 10-day shutdown—especially...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... F.B. : Physical Metallurgy and the Design of Steels . Applied Science Publishers Ltd. , London ( 1978 ) 10.1016/s0140-6736(78)92006-8 9. Backwood R.R. , Jarvis L.M. , Hoffman D.G. , Totten G.E. : Conditions leading to the quench cracking other than severity of quench...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001340
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... , New York , 1983 . 2. Reed-Hill R.E. , Physical Metallurgy Principles , PWS-Kent , Boston , 1973 . Selected References • French D.N. , Failures of Boilers and Related Equipment , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 1986...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... hardening . Mem. Trab. Difus. Cient. Tec. 9 , 45 – 54 ( 2011 ) 13. Morrison W.B. : Superplasticity of low-alloy steels . Trans. ASM 61 , 423 – 434 ( 1968 ) 14. Reed-Hill R.E. : Creep . In: Physical Metallurgy Principles , 2nd edn , pp. 827 – 887 . D. Van Nostrand...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001799
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... : Fracture features . J. Fail. Anal. Preven. 5 ( 2 ), 12 ( 2005 ) 10.1361/15477020522924 6. Avener S.H. : Introduction to Physical Metallurgy , pp. 570 , 659 . McGraw-Hill , New York ( 1974 ) 7. McEvily A.J. : Metal Failures, Mechanisms, Analysis and Prevention , pp. 104...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003518
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in determining the cause of any given failure may vary. They include various pattern recognition skills (in the interpretation of macrofractographs, microfractographs, and metallographic images) and engineering and scientific knowledge based on physical metallurgy, polymer physics, solid-state...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001600
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... controlled especially at the critical areas of the web, to assure complete coverage and proper compressive residual stresses. Shot peening 7075 UNS A97075 Fatigue fracture References 1. Aluminum: Properties and Physical Metallurgy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006754
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... may be able to follow an established procedure for the evaluation. This is especially true for someone working within an original equipment manufacturer. If there is someone who has significant experience and knowledge of the physical factors that tend to go wrong with the object and an established...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... stainless steel adaptor used in propellant control system . Eng. Fail. Anal. 5 ( 1 ), 1 – 6 ( 1998 ) 10.1016/S1350-6307(97)00028-9 18. Vijendra S. : Physical Metallurgy , 1st edn. , pp. 758 – 764 . Standard Publishers Distributors , New Delhi ( 1999 ) 19. Rajan T.V...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c9001606
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
... Retrieval and Analysis of Orthopedic Implants , NBS Spec. Pub. #472, National Bureau of Standards , Gaithersburg, MD , 1976 , pp. 23 – 30 . 3. Smallman R.E. and Bishop R.J. : “Biomaterials,” in Modern Physical Metallurgy and Materials Engineering , 6th ed. , Butterworth Heineman...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001681
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... , p. 3533 ( 1987 ). 20. Wagner H. J. and Hall A. M. , The Physical Metallurgy of Colbalt-Base Superalloys , DMIC Report 171, Defense Metals Information Center, Battelle Memorial Institute , Columbus ( 1962 ). 21. Rivlin V. G. , “6: Critical Evaluation of Constitution...