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physical metallurgical principles

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006826
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... parameters cause workpiece rejection, catastrophic cutting tool failure, and/or workpiece failure during machining. Metallurgical factors contributing to (in-process) workpiece failures: Physical metallurgy effects on workpiece failures during production machining Machined part (in-service) failures...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001633
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... Wiley & Sons , 2000 , pp. 365 – 67 . 2. Reed-Hill R.E. : Physical Metallurgy Principles , 2nd ed. , D. Van Nostrand Co. , New York , 1973 , pp. 810 – 11 . 3. Thomason P.F. : Ductile Fracture of Metals , Pergamon Press, Oxford , 1990 , pp. 1 – 29 . 4. Thomson...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Abstract Abstract A deformed steel tube was received for failure analysis after buckling during a heat-treat operation. The tube was subjected to various metallurgical tests as well as nondestructive testing to confirm the presence of residual stresses. The microstructure of the tube was found...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001842
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... : 1770 = 25 , 300 / K f   K f = 14.3 . This estimated value for the fatigue stress concentration ( K f = 14.3) appeared to be high. Consideration was therefore given to the metallurgical and physical conditions that would have existed at the fracture initiation location...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... generation industries. The most common cause of premature failures of refractories is corrosion. However, corrosion is infrequently the cause of premature failure for technical ceramics. Corrosion of refractories occurs mainly when refractory materials are in contact with metallurgical slags or glasses...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... of this article is to enable a failure analyst to identify the causative factors that lead to welded connection failure and to identify the corrective actions needed to overcome such failures in the future. Additionally, the reader will learn from the mistakes of others and use principles that will avoid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006838
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
...Abstract Abstract This article provides an overview of metal additive manufacturing (AM) processes and describes sources of failures in metal AM parts. It focuses on metal AM product failures and potential solutions related to design considerations, metallurgical characteristics, production...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006761
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of this mechanical behavior is influenced by several factors that include metallurgical/material variables, test methods, temperature, and the nature of the applied stresses. In contrast, physical properties are those typically measured by methods not requiring the application of an external mechanical force...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003523
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and engineering laws/principles to determine the validity of the reconstruction hypothesis. Many investigations cease at this point, with little to no modeling or physical testing being performed. Many accidents, especially those with cause in dispute, often require further work beyond cognitive reasoning...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001340
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... References 1. French D.N. , Metallurgical Failures in Fossil Fired Boilers , John Wiley and Sons , New York , 1983 . 2. Reed-Hill R.E. , Physical Metallurgy Principles , PWS-Kent , Boston , 1973 . Selected References Selected References • French D.N. , Failures...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... of failure is the first element to be discovered. The mode of failure falls under the “what” of the failure. Once the mode is known, the discovery net widens as the root physical cause is sought. The root physical cause is the “how” of the failure. However, the root physical cause of failure is rarely...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006772
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... was altered prior to the accident Whether the evidence contributed to the accident This involves the application of physical laws and engineering principles to determine the validity of the reconstruction hypothesis. Many investigations cease at this point, with little to no modeling or physical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... failure, due to the limitation of length; the authors encourage the reader to study the listed references, if necessary. The physical properties of solder alloys predominantly depend on chemical composition. In principle, solder alloys can be divided into two categories: lead-containing solder...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627082952
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... interchangeably to describe an undesirable interruption to mechanical, metallurgical, or physical properties of a material; the terms, used informally, do not necessarily indicate that a component is not fit for service. However, in technical use, the term defect refers to an imperfection that negatively...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003512
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... investigators and life assessment engineers to understand some of the design issues. Each structure has unique design requirements, but all structures are designed using some basic design principles. Figure 1 illustrates the relationship among the design phase, testing, systematic failure analysis, and life...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.9781627083294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of thermal/environmental barrier coating (T/EBC) architecture showing primary environmental protective subsystems and the microstructure of coatings deposited by electron-beam physical vapor deposition. CMAS, calcium-magnesium-alumino-silicate. Reprinted with permission from Wiley Fig. 33 Effect...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003500
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... is considered to be the examination of the characteristics and causes of equipment or component failure. In most cases this involves the consideration of physical evidence and the use of engineering and scientific principles and analytical tools. Often, the reason why one performs a failure analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract This article describes the preliminary stages and general procedures, techniques, and precautions employed in the investigation and analysis of metallurgical failures that occur in service. The most common causes of failure characteristics are described for fracture, corrosion...