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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003554
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... examples of cracking due to these phenomena, either in manufacturing or in service. cracking failure analysis liquid metal induced embrittlement solid metal induced embrittlement METAL-INDUCED EMBRITTLEMENT is a phenomenon in which the ductility or fracture stress of a solid metal is reduced...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001580
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... to the nondestructive examination tools available for surface phenomena. Imaging surface maps Nondestructive examination Metal Joining-related failures Introduction The Savannah River Site (SRS) is a special nuclear materials production facility owned by the U.S. Department of Energy and operated...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001258
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... is seen, which turns into the granular annealed structure towards the core. The described structural phenomena were noted in all of the seven fracture regions. Their intensity always decreased with increasing distance from the fracture. Surface decarburization caused the formation of lamellar pearlite...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... the likelihood of overload fractures are included. The article focuses primarily on the contribution of embrittlement to overload failure. The embrittling phenomena are described and differentiated by their causes, effects, and remedial methods, so that failure characteristics can be directly compared during...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006786
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... reviews some commercial alloy systems in which liquid-metal-induced embrittlement or solid-metal-induced embrittlement has been documented and describes some examples of cracking due to these phenomena, either in manufacturing or in service. commercial alloy systems failure analysis liquid-metal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... failures, molten salts for energy storage, and degradation and failures in gas turbines. The article describes the effects of environment on aero gas turbine engines and provides an overview of aging, diffusion, and interdiffusion phenomena. It also discusses the processes involved in high-temperature...
Image
Published: 15 May 2022
Fig. 1 Interfacial wear processes. (a) Initial contact of the two surfaces. (b) Running-in process in which the soft polymer molecules are transferred to the hard counterface. (c) Steady-state wear process in which the wear and friction phenomena are influenced mainly by the shear and adhesive More
Image
Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 1 Interfacial wear processes. (a) Initial contact of the two surfaces. (b) Running-in process where the soft polymer molecules are gradually transferred to the hard counterface as third-body. (c) Steady-state wear process where the wear and friction phenomena are influenced mainly More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... hardening. The beads of melted material could have been produced by flying sparks from nearby welding operations, or by arcing across a bad contact between the springs and the current supply during electroplating, Experiments showed that in the former case melting phenomena of the observed type do not arise...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0046414
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... References 1. Knapp R.T. , Daily J.W. , and Hammitt F.G. , Cavitation , McGraw-Hill , 1970 2. Hammitt F.G. , Cavitation and Multiphase Flow Phenomena , McGraw-Hill , 1980 Selected Reference Selected Reference • Chen Y. , Cavitation Erosion , Failure...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001234
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... and simultaneous corrosive attack can lead to the removal of such large thicknesses of material. This process can be accelerated by finely dispersed solids carried along in the water and also by dissolved gases which form bubbles at the transition from the small to the large cross section. Such phenomena can...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001182
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... in the scale are continued as fine cracks in the metal. Fig. 1 Longitudinal section through the fracture, unetched. Oxide rich seam in the edge zone; cleft like crack with enclosed oxide. Fracture site to the left. 200 × The corrosion phenomena (scaling) in particular were studied in the vicinity...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001221
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... and tonguelike overlaps. The material has become so hot as a result of deformation that martensite has formed as it cooled rapidly. The same phenomena were observed on the second, wire. In this case there was a clear association between the fracture and a transverse crack in the martensitic outer layer ( Fig. 5...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001218
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... section of a fracture and next to it a starting crack. The longitudinal section shown in Figs. 9 , reproduces a location close to the previously mentioned second fracture in the loop of a bar. originating at a welding globule. The phenomena are to be interpreted as pitting and stress-corrosion cracking...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001721
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... of today's most technological applications. For over a hundred years, scientists have examined the phenomena of SCC, resulting in a large body of research on the topic. However, only few generalizations can be made as to its cause or control. In general, three factors must be present to induce SCC...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001838
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... that there must have been some melting on the grain boundaries. First, formerly molten films on grain boundaries, melt bridging the grain boundaries, and the well-known tear ridges [ 1 ] typical of liquation cracking could be found ( Figs. 8 , 9 ). These phenomena are consistent with liquation cracking. Second...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... temperature can be very high (several thousand °C). While the preceding information gives a general view of the cavitation process, many observed phenomena cannot be completely explained by shock wave or single-cavity collapse. When a large number of cavities are formed at the same time, it may produce...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001251
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... to chonchoidal fracture clearly diminishes with rising annealing temperature and time, but even a twenty-four hour annealing at 1200° C was insufficient at the high aluminum and nitrogen concentrations described to eliminate the fracture phenomena. Fig. 11 Annealing tests with specimens from flange disk...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... rope; more recently, they have been made up entirely of aluminum (the all-aluminum conductor). Any bending movement or alternating tension of the rope can result in local movement in the numerous interwire contacts, leading to fretting wear phenomena ( Fig. 4 ) ( Ref 19 – 23 ). Fig. 4...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c9001677
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... feature that was real and was not duplicated in the exemplar tests is that shown in Figure 15 . This fractograph shows islands of smeared surface material that were found on large fracture areas. This phenomena would be formed by rubbing of the fracture surface prior to, or after, rupture. Fig. 15...