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phase diagram

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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 47 Copper-lead phase diagram. Source: Ref 18 More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 77 Direct quenching from carburizing temperature. (a) Phase diagram schematic. (b) Continuous cooling transformation curve for a high-carbon surface. (c) Micrograph of direct quenched 3% Ni-Cr carburized steel. 280×. Source: Ref 30 More
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 19 Phase diagram that predicts the results of heat treatment or forging practice. Source: Ref 5 More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 5 (a) Isothermal section of FeO-Al 2 O 3 -Cr 2 O 3 ternary phase diagram at 1650 °C and (b) (Fe, M)O-(Cr, Al) 2 O 3 -SiO 2 ternary phase diagram. More
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 3 Fe-Cr alloy phase diagram 15 More
Image
Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 47 Copper-lead phase diagram. Source: Ref 21 More
Image
Published: 01 December 1992
Fig. 6 Cobalt-carbon phase diagram, showing the effect of carbon in Lowering the liquidus and solidus temperature. Source: Ref 2 . More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c0049838
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... intermetallic compounds found in the aluminum-iron phase diagram. Similar compositional variations were noted at the aluminum/brass interface. It was concluded that the failure of the electrical junction due to extreme heating was related to the formation of intermetallic compounds at the current carrying...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001490
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
..., transmission electron microscopy, optical microscopy, and x-ray microanalysis in conjunction with dimensional analysis, phase diagrams and thermodynamics considerations were employed to evaluate the various hypotheses. All evidence pointed to an oxide mass in the area where the hole developed, likely...
Image
Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 1 Flow diagram showing the relationship between the design phase and the investigative tasks for in-service failure, structural aging, and fitness-for-service of structural components More
Image
Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 1 Flow diagram showing the relationship between the design phase and the investigative tasks for in-service failure, structural aging, and fitness-for-service of structural components More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001489
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... The calculated values of the weight percent oxides were used to determine the phase(s) present. In the published literature, data were available on the relevant binary and ternary phase diagrams. 3 , 4 , 5 In most of the inclusions, it was possible to accumulate results of calculations so that they could...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... is the juxtaposition of two constituents of different properties, such as different thermal expansion coefficients (e.g., alumina-mullite, mullite-silica, and magnesia-chromite). In fact, in most refractories, phase boundary microcracking can be expected. Melting Behavior and the Use of Phase Diagrams For many...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... be understood by referring to the carbon-cobalt phase diagram shown in Fig. 6 ( Ref 2 ). This diagram illustrates the significant effect of carbon in reducing both liquidus and solidus temperatures. The lower-carbon-content surface layer effectively increases the solidus temperature from approximately 1425 °C...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001609
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
...% Cr ferritic alloy 405 with 0.08% C is not. 1 , 2 Fig. 3 Fe-Cr alloy phase diagram 15 Similar to standard 18Cr-8Ni austenitic stainless steels, Cr and C in these Cr-Fe ferritic alloys react to form Cr carbide precipitates when heated to 315 to 925 °C (600 to 1700 °F). Precipitates...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001638
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... with atmospheres bearing both sulfur and oxygen at 870 °C. These diagrams show which condensed phases will be in equilibrium at the gas-metal interface as a function of P S2 and P O2 . 3 Figure 9 shows the three diagrams superimposed upon each other. These diagrams are for pure metals, not alloys. Nevertheless...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001473
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
.... Ruskin, in a paper entitled “Maximum Short-Circuit and Faulty Synchronising Torques on Generator Foundations” in the A.I.E.E. Transactions, 1955, Volume 74, Part 3, Page 618 to 624, calculates from phase diagrams that the angle of phase difference between the machine and the system which produces...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c0048808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... metal, the high carbon level allowed martensite to form. In the area where the grain-boundary precipitates appeared heaviest, between the martensite band and the duplex structure, the structure was probably austenitic. These phase changes are predicted from the Schaeffler diagram (in the article...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003503
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and effects analysis fault analysis fault equivalence probability of failure product development cycle FAILURE MODES AND EFFECTS ANALYSIS (FMEA) has evolved into a powerful tool that can be used by design engineers during all phases of product development to enhance product safety and reliability...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001026
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... and Its Applications , STP 381, ASTM , 1964 , p 210 – 245 . 10.1520/STP26590S 4. Metals Handbook , 8th ed. , Vol 8 , Metallography, Structures and Phase Diagrams , American Society for Metals , 1973 , p 114 – 115 . 5. Metals Handbook , 9th ed. , Vol 9 , Metallography...