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petrochemical industry

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001775
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... in the Petrochemical Industry , 1st ed. , Garverick L. , ed., ASM International , Materials Park, OH , 1994 , p. 204 . 2. Corrosion in the Petrochemical Industry , 1st ed. , Garverick L. , ed., ASM International , Materials Park, OH , 1994 , p. 210 – 11 . 3. Corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001774
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... • Kane R.D. , Corrosion in Petroleum Refining and Petrochemical Operations , Corrosion: Environments and Industries , Vol 13C , ASM Handbook , Cramer S.D. and Covino B.S. , Ed., ASM International , 2006 , p 967 – 1014 . 10.31399/asm.hb.v13c.a0004211 Stress corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... • Washlo S.D. and Aggen G. , Wrought Stainless Steels , Properties and Selection: Irons, Steels, and High-Performance Alloys , Vol 1 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 1990 , p 841 – 907 . 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001046 The petrochemical industry is one of the most dynamic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001367
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Abstract Abstract Cracking was discovered in an in-service, second-stage turbine impeller during a downtime inspection. The fabricated 4300 series low-alloy steel impeller was used in a compressor in an industrial petrochemical plant. It was also reported that a process upset had allowed a 10...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001108
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
.... fabricator corresponded to ASTM B 407. Technical information from internationally known petrochemical industries based on their long-term experience with reformer furnaces indicates that problems in high-nickel alloy pigtails can he associated with cold-work procedures ( Ref 1 ). For instance...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001687
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... The petrochemical industries make extensive use of centrifugally cast tubular HK austenitic alloys in conditions where a material of high resistance at elevated temperatures and corrosive environments is required. In the as-cast condition, its microstructure consists of columnar grains of austenite elongated...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001280
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Abstract Abstract An HK-40 alloy tubing weld in a reformer furnace of a petrochemical plant failed by leaking after a shorter time than that predicted by design specifications. Leaking occurred because of cracks that passed through the thickness of the weldment. Analysis of the cracked tubing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract Several cadmium-plated carbon steel socket head cap screws that were part of a slide valve assembly on a regenerator line in a petrochemical plant failed during initial loading. Metallographic and XDS chemical analysis in conjunction with SEM examination of one failed and one...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003568
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... by erosion ( Ref 34 , 35 , 36 , 37 ). In the petrochemical industry, process control valves ( Ref 37 ) and power recovery turbines ( Ref 18 , 38 ) are damaged by erosion. In chemical process industries, solids transport systems are damaged by erosion ( Ref 25 , 39 , 40 , 41 ). In the aircraft industry...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... or replacement, was recommended to prevent chloride buildup. Painting of the steel surface with an epoxy-phenolic or epoxy-coal tar was also suggested. Chemical processing industry Columns (process) Marine environments 316 UNS S31600 Stress-corrosion cracking Pitting corrosion Background Visual...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001137
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
...Abstract Abstract Following a fracture mechanics “fitness-for-purpose” analysis of petroleum industry cold service pressure vessels, using the British Standard PD 6493, it was realized that an analogous approach could be used for the failure analysis of a similar pressure vessel dome which had...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001590
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... 601 UNS N06601 Intergranular fracture Steam reforming of natural gas is considered the most economic process for industrial hydrogen production. By this process, a mixture of methane and steam forms hydrogen, carbon monoxide, and carbon dioxide while flowing through a catalyst bed. Steam...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001328
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... References 1. Thielsch Helmut and Cone Florence M. , “Failures, Integrity and Repairs of Petrochemical Plant Reformers”. 2. Marketing Brochure , Fired Heater Technology Corporation , Liberty Corner, NJ. 3. “Incoloy Alloys 800 and 800HT,” Inco Alloy International, Inc. , 1986...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... ( Ref 16 , 27 – 29 ), valves ( Ref 16 , 30 , 31 ), and inlet nozzles ( Ref 32 ). In the oil and gas industry, choke valves are damaged by erosion ( Ref 33 – 36 ). In the petrochemical industry, process control valves ( Ref 36 ) and power-recovery turbines ( Ref 17 , 37 ) are damaged by erosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... Sun Z. , Kang X.Q. , Wang X.H. : Experimental system of cavitation erosion with water-jet . Mater. Des. 26 , 59 – 63 ( 2005 ) 10.1016/j.matdes.2004.04.003 18. API STANDARD 610: Centrifugal Pumps for Petroleum, Petrochemical and Natural Gas Industries , 9th edn. American...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and Slurry Velocity on Erosion-Corrosion of Carbon Steel in Aqueous Slurries with Carbon Dioxide and Silica Sand , Wear , Vol 302 , 2013 , p 1609 – 1614 10.1016/j.wear.2013.01.044 48. Garverick L. , Ed., Corrosion in the Petrochemical Industry , 2nd ed. , ASM International , 1994 49...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003514
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... to develop partial safety factors that engineers may use to design fabricated steel structures. The petrochemical industry developed API 579 (see the section “Example 2: Development of Recommended Practice API 579” ), which develops partial safety factors for the fitness-for-service of petrochemical...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003554
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and Reliability Improvement: Nuclear Fossil and Petrochemical Plants , American Society of Mechanical Engineers , 1994 , p 329 6. McIntyre D.R. , English J.J. , and Kobrin G. , “Mercury Attack of Ethylene Plant Alloys,” Paper 106, presented at Corrosion/89, National Association...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., and residual tensile stresses associated with riveting. Prevalence of Stress-Corrosion Cracking Since the first instances of season cracking and caustic embrittlement were encountered in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, SCC has been observed and documented in nearly every industry. The American...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001770
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Abstract Abstract A storage tank had been in service at a petrochemical plant for 13 years when inspectors discovered cracks adjacent to weld joints and in the base plate near the foundation. The tank was made from AISI 304 stainless steel and held styrene monomer, a derivative of benzene...