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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0048124
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Abstract Presence of transverse marks which were remnant of grinding was indicated in a failed valve spring made from ground rod. The shot-peening pattern was light at this location. A transverse crack was found to grow from one such mark under the influence of local stress fields until...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
.... 315×. Fig. 1 The face and bell of the ball-peen hammer, showing the area where the chip was ejected. The chip in shown in the insert at the right. The fracture was conchoidal and brittle in appearance. Abstract A carbon steel ball-peen hammer ejected a chip that struck the user's...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0090626
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... fabricated after field failures lasted only 50,000 cycles to failure. It was discovered that the percent coverage of shot peening prior and subsequent to the increase in failure incidence was much less than 100%, with a shot peening time of 12 min. The residual-stress state of “as fabricated” springs...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0046222
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
.... The spindle was then shot peened with S170 shot to an Almen intensity of 0.010 to 0.012 A. Following shot peening, the shank was nickel sulfamate plated to 0.05 mm (0.002 in.) over the finished diam, ground to finished size, and cadmium plated. Visual and stereomicroscopic exam showed faint grinding marks...
Image
Published: 01 December 1993
Fig. 1 The face and bell of the ball-peen hammer, showing the area where the chip was ejected. The chip in shown in the insert at the right. The fracture was conchoidal and brittle in appearance. More
Image
Published: 01 December 2019
Fig. 12 Energy dispersive spectroscope (EDS) indicated shot-peen balls were present prior to aluminide coating process as evidenced by darker aluminide phase present at ball surface. Shot-peen media was found beneath the tip cap of the turbine blade following sectioning More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001600
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... examined had cross-sectional thicknesses significantly larger than the web cross-sectional thicknesses of the IT components. Recommendations included changing the web reference dimension of 0.38 in. to include a tolerance range based upon a fracture mechanics model. Also, the shot peening process should...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001679
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... direction. Since the EB weld is a shrink fit, the surface is in compression, thereby eliminating crack propagation. In addition, shot peening has been employed to produce a compressive material surface since fatigue usually originates at the surface. Pitting was observed down the throat of the venturi...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0048616
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
..., the material was changed to A-286, which is less susceptible to carbide precipitation. The bolt is strengthened by shot peening and rolling the threads after heat treatment. Avoiding temperatures in the sensitizing range is desirable, but difficult to ensure because of the application. Bolts Bolts...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0089651
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... etched 300x magnification) supported the conclusion that the rocker levers failed in fatigue, with casting defects, or spiking, acting as stress raisers to initiate failures in highly loaded engine tests. Recommendations included shot peening of the levers as an interim measure to reduce the possibility...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0006444
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... fatigue cracks, resulting in a failure mode of corrosion fatigue. It was recommended that all of the horizontal hinge pins be inspected. Those pins determined to be satisfactory for further use should be stripped of cadmium, shot peened, and coated with cadmium to a minimum thickness of 0.0127 mm (0.0005...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0091096
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... groove in the shaft had performed its function, but at a lower overload level than intended. Recommendations included increasing the fatigue strength of the shaft by shot peening the shear groove to minimize chatter. Shafts (power) Shot peening Torsional fatigue 4340 UNS G43400 Fatigue...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0047100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... included increasing the radii of the notch and shaft fillets. If fatigue cracking had continued to be a problem with this component, shot peening of the subject radii would be appropriate. This process produces residual compressive stresses in the surface of the part, thereby retarding initiation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... condition. The microstructure was consistent with cold-drawn material elongated in the longitudinal direction. The fineness of the microstructure precluded determination of tempering extent by optical means. There was no discernible shot-peening effect on the microstructure near the wire surface...
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 2 Helicopter-blade spindle that fractured in fatigue because it was incompletely shot peened before being plated. (a) Spindle showing fracture region (at fillet between shank and fork). Dimensions given in inches. (b) Longitudinal score mark (region A) and circumferential scratches (arrow More
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Helicopter-blade spindle that fractured in fatigue because it was incompletely shot peened before being plated. (a) Spindle showing fracture region (at fillet between shank and fork). Dimensions given in inches. (b) Longitudinal score mark (region A) and circumferential scratches (arrow More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006768
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... corrosion) Experience cyclic loading in service (mechanical or thermal fatigue) May have been subject to improper processing on manufacture (shot peening, grinding, milling, etc.) May have been subject to inappropriate heat treatment (stress relief, induction hardening, service temperature, thermal...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003528
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... loads Are placed in corrosive environments (stress corrosion) Experience cyclic loading in service (mechanical or thermal fatigue) May have been subject to improper processing on manufacture (shot peening, grinding, milling, etc.) May have been subject to inappropriate heat treatment (stress...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... deficiency. The usual way to eliminate decarburization is to machine off the soft skin or employ better quality control when making them. Many aircraft manufacturers employ forged parts with machined surfaces or with shot-peened as-forged surfaces without excessive decarburization. Connecting rods...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0090994
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... strength range was 1689 to 1793 MPa (245 to 260 ksi). The finished springs were to be shot peened for greater fatigue resistance. Investigation (visual inspection, 3x images, 2% nital etched 148x SEM images, chemical analysis, hardness testing, and EDS analysis) supported the conclusion that the springs...