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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c0047840
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... Abstract The A2 tool steel mandrel, part of a rolling tool used for mechanically joining two tubes was fractured after making five rolled joints. A 6.4 mm diam hole was drilled by EDM through the square end of the hardened mandrel due to difficulty was experienced in withdrawing the tool...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001326
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... of the CaO was determined to be slag entrapment during the steel making process. It was recommended that the thermowell blanks be ultrasonically tested prior to machining and that the design be modified to make internal pressurization possible. Leakage Nonmetallic inclusions Nuclear reactor...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0046505
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... by a pivoted malleable iron latch. The latch and top surface of the clapper plate were usually in a sanitary-water environment (stabilized, chlorinated well water with a pH of 7.3) under stagnant conditions. Process make-up water that had been clarified, filtered, softened, and chlorinated and had a pH of 9.8...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c9001665
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
... electron microscopy, EDXA, and x-ray mapping were used to study the steel in the vicinity of this part of the fracture surface. It was found to be contaminated with copper. Debye-Scherrer x-ray diffraction patterns obtained from the scale showed that it consisted of magnetite and hematite. It was concluded...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c0089456
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... of an unetched longitudinal section taken through the die. The pattern was microscopically revealed after etching with 5 % nital to be due to severe chemical segregation or banding. Considerable variation in the hardness, corresponding to the banded and non-banded regions across the face of the specimen...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c9001250
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... etching with 5% nital the polished surface exhibited a pronounced, easily-visible, fibrous structure. Microscopic examination revealed that this etch pattern was produced by marked segregation bands. The very unfavorable structure for a high speed steel tool of these dimensions and subject...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001652
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... of the elbow revealed that it was covered with a crazed pattern of cracks. The pattern was not uniform, being barely visible in some areas and quite deep in others. The area immediately around the leak was severely cracked. Metallographic sections were prepared from the leak area and from a location 1...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0045918
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
.... EDX analysis showed they consisted of niobium and fluorine. Plastic replicas, prepared by standard TEM techniques, were analyzed with selected-area electron diffraction, showing a pattern match for niobium tetrafluoride. Auger analyses showed electron spectra containing peaks representing carbon...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c0092135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... the conclusion that the iron shot increased stresses in the choke zone of the barrel, causing it to deform. Variations in the amount of bulging were attributed to a lack of uniformity in wall thickness. Recommendations included making the barrel from steel with a higher yield strength, making the barrel walls...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0046422
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...) or by the discontinuity of the water-discharge slot. It could also be argued that the acceleration forced on the water in the rotor, which makes the flow hug one side of each rotor pocket, causes a rotating discontinuous pattern of streams to emerge from the rotor, which then produces discrete liquid impacts...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001597
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... Abstract This case study involves two continuously cast steel crankshaft failures. Three parties performed their own failure analyses: (1) the engine manufacturer responsible for component design, specification, and application; (2) the steel supplier and forging supplier responsible for making...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001286
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... by x-ray diffraction. The results indicated that the stamped brake discs had failed by fatigue caused by a tensile residual stress pattern in the fillet. The residual stress pattern was attributed to the change in manufacturing process from casting to stamping. Use of a manufacturing process...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003542
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...; picture width ∼100 μm Another way to locate the fracture origin, especially in strength tests, is to make use of the overall crack pattern. This can be facilitated in bend tests by applying tape to the compression side of the specimen before breaking it. The tape holds the pieces together without...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0048120
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... the fracture. Long, narrow sulfide stringers which were the probably the cause of delamination in this spring material were revealed in the raw material used to make the springs. It was concluded that fracture of the springs was caused by fatigue that had originated at delaminations around the rivet holes...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... lubricants. Gear-Tooth Contact The way in which tooth surfaces of properly aligned gears make contact with each other is responsible for the heavy loads that gears are able to carry. In theory, gear teeth make contact along lines or at points; in service, however, because of elastic deformation...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0009222
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...-hardened tools can tolerate some features that are improper for liquid quenching. Design must take into account the equipment available for heat treatment and for subsequent grinding. The designer must also correctly evaluate service conditions. For example, a blanking die for making paper gaskets may...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c9001496
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
... ) developed from the origin of a bolt-hole opening and progressed in a parallel alignment to the root of the tooth, in a very similar pattern to “A.” Fig. 1 Fracture “A” in a spiral gear. The origin (O) of tooth bending fatigue is near the toe end of the concave (reverse) root radius. See also Fig. 2...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Diagram depicting ultrasonic inspection of the shell and location of the indication. Surface Examination Visual The fracture surfaces observed at the mill indicated a brittle fracture. The fracture pattern and the fracture surface morphology indicated the initiation point to be at the edge...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001517
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... characteristics from typical resin material. Brittle resins typically exhibit relatively flat fractures with evidence of river patterns; the anomalous areas however were globular in appearance and exhibited resin swelling ( Figure 6 ). No fracture features, such as river patterns, were evident in these areas...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001648
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... couplings to make up the shaft subassembly. Coupling 3, which joined together shaft pieces 3 and 4, is the coupling that fractured. Fig. 3 Sketch of pump shaft assembly as seated in pump housing The fractured coupling is shown in Fig. 4 and 5 as it appeared prior to examination...