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patented wires

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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Valve springs made from patented and drawn high-carbon steel wire. Distorted outer spring (left) exhibited about 25% set because of proeutectoid ferrite in the microstructure and high operating temperature. Outer spring (right) is satisfactory. More
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Structure of wire. Longitudinal section, etch: Picral. 500× Normal patented structure. HV 5 = 490 kp/mm 2 . More
Image
Published: 01 December 2019
Fig. 9 Typical transverse microstructure of a patented music wire, exhibiting folded and deformed ferrite grains (white) and pearlite colonies (dark), Nital etch More
Image
Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 6 Valve springs made from patented and drawn high-carbon steel wire. Distorted outer spring (left) exhibited about 25% set because of proeutectoid ferrite in the microstructure and high operating temperature. Outer spring (right) is satisfactory. More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001186
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... of the fracture, but they had no effect on the breakage of the wire. Away from the fracture area, the wire had a normal structure of hyperfine lamellar pearlite (sorbite) of a “patented” and cold drawn steel wire. In the vicinity of the fracture, the cementite of the pearlite was partially spheroidized, while...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0092131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... spring and an outer spring (both of patented and drawn high-carbon steel wire) taken from another cylinder in the same engine were examined in the laboratory to determine why one had distorted and the other had not. Investigation (visual inspection, microstructure examination, and hardness testing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... , pp. 9 – 92 . The Wire Association Inc. , Branford, CT ( 1975 ) 4. Lewis D. : Patenting . In: Dove A.B. (ed.) Steel Wire Handbook , vol. 2 , pp. 65 – 83 . The Wire Association Inc. , Branford, CT ( 1969 ) 5. Ryder D.A. : General practice in failure analysis...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001646
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... measurements of at least three indentations. Results and Discussion Wire Characteristics Quality records of Z-shaped profile wires used in the manufacture of the locked coil wire rope revealed that these wires were processed from 0.60 % carbon lead patented wire rods through cold drawing as well...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001800
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... fracture surface outside of the origin thumbnail, exhibiting a mottled or feathery morphology Fig. 9 Typical transverse microstructure of a patented music wire, exhibiting folded and deformed ferrite grains (white) and pearlite colonies (dark), Nital etch Fig. 10 SEM image of typical...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001246
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... of the wires in the original condition as found in the undamaged wires and in the untarnished portion of the damaged wires. It consists of very long elongated grains of fine lamellar pearlite with little ferrite: the typical patent structure of a cold drawn wire. In the tarnished portion, however...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
..., and patented to obtain a very fine pearlite structure (sorbite). The desired microstructure and mechanical properties are controlled and adjusted by carbon content of the steel and subsequent heat treatment. The heat treatment that produces the starting microstructure for wire production is termed patenting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006939
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
....) Mexichem TOTM (Mexichem Compuestos) PVC (flexible): wiring, cables, packaging, medical, automotive Polyesters ADK CIZER HPN-3130 (Adeka Corp.) PVC (rigid): wiring, cables, packaging, medical, automotive Source: Ref 73 Plasticizers are also common in the thermoset resins as well...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006838
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
..., where powder or wire is feed into an energy beam that fuses deposits on a build platform or part. During the development of these technologies from the 1980s into the early 2000s, many different terms were used, such as additive fabrication, additive processes, additive techniques, layer...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006797
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... 6 ) were examined in the laboratory to determine why one had distorted and the other had not. Fig. 6 Valve springs made from patented and drawn high-carbon steel wire. Distorted outer spring (a) exhibited approximately 25% set because of proeutectoid ferrite in the microstructure and high...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003573
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... melting temperature of the material Fig. 6 Valve springs made from patented and drawn high-carbon steel wire. Distorted outer spring (left) exhibited about 25% set because of proeutectoid ferrite in the microstructure and high operating temperature. Outer spring (right) is satisfactory...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003528
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... for most metals. Effect of Corrosion The effect of surface corrosion on measurement response can be demonstrated by an example. A strain gage was attached to the surface of a steel wire on the inner side adjacent to the XRD stress-measurement location of interest. The XRD measurement location...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006768
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of Wire Rope and Steel Cables , Proc. SPIE, Structural Materials Technology , Vol 3400 , Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers , 1998 10.1117/12.300093 24. Pineault J. , Belassel M. , Grodzicki G. , Brauss M. . Sheridan C. , and Webber D. , Stress...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006864
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... MPa (10,000 psi). The barrel generally contains several heating elements, either bands or cartridges, and thermocouples wired to a control panel as zones. The temperature of each zone can then be controlled based on the desired heating profile for a specific material, which can often be found...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... analysis tools. This includes, but is not limited to, wafers, sheets, films, coatings, foils, chunks, powders, wires, tubes, printed circuit boards, computer chips, and other whole or partial pieces of devices. While surface analysis tools are used to analyze solid surfaces, dried residues from liquids...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.9781627083959
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9